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新概念英语第二册逐句精讲语言点 第42课(2)

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lixiao

2015年03月08日

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42课 Not very musical

As we had had a long walk through one of the markets of old Delhi, we stopped at a square to have a rest. After a time, we noticed a snake charmer with two large baskets at the other side of the square, so we went to have a look at him. As soon as he saw us, he picked up a long pipe which was covered with coins and opened one of the baskets. When he began to play a tune, we had our first glimpse of the snake. Itrose out of the basket and began to follow the movements of the pipe. We were very much surprised when the snake charmer suddenly began to play jazz and modern pop songs. The snake, however, continued to 'dance' slowly. It obviously could not tell the difference between Indian music and jazz!

精讲笔记:

4. When he began to play a tune, we had our first glimpse of the snake.

当他开始吹奏一支曲子时,我枘才第一次看到那条蛇。

语言点1 have / get a glimpse of... = take a glance at…瞥见 .

语言点2 play a tune = play music吹奏曲子

5. It rose out of the basket and began to follow the movements of the pipe.

它从篮子里探出身子,随着乐器的摆动而扭动。

语言点1 rose是rise的过去式,既可作不及物动词又可作及物动词。

语言点 2 对比学习:follow, ensue, succeed, result

1) follow为常用词,指继之而来或继之而去:

Spring follows winter.冬去春来。

2) ensue为正式用语,指随之引起或接着发生:

Clouds appeared and rain ensued. 云来雨至。

3) succeed强调时间、顺序上随之而来:

She was not willing to succeed her mother as manager of the hotel.

她不愿继承母亲酒店经理的工作。

4) result 强调前者和后者之间是因果关系:

Superstition results from ignorance.迷信产生于无知。

6. We were very much surprised when the snake charmer suddenly began to play jazz and modern pop songs.

当耍蛇人突然开始演奏爵士乐和现代流行乐曲时,我们感到非常吃惊。

语言点 动词begin(开始)、cease(停止)、start(开始)、continue(继续)后面既可以跟不定式,也可以接动名词,在意思上没有什么区别:

Even though it was raining, they continued to play / playing football.

尽管下雨了,他们依然在踢足球。

The students ceased to leam / learning French last semester.

上个学期,学生们就停止学习法语了。

注意:在使用以上四个动词时,如果句子为进行时态,一般不用动名词形式,以避免重复。

例;I am continuing learning New Concept English. 没有语法镨误,但显得累赘,

建议改为:I am continuing to learn New Concept English.

我在继续学习《新概念英语》。


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