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新概念英语第二册逐句精讲语言点 第44课(1)

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2015年03月09日

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44课 Through the forest

Mrs. Anne Sterling did not think of the risk shewas taking when she ran through a forest aftertwo men. They had rushed up to her while shewas having a picnic at the edge of a forest withher children and triedto steal her handbag. Inthe struggle, the strap broke and, with the bagin their possession, both men started runningthrough the trees. Mrs. Sterling got so angry thatshe ran after them. She was soon out of breath, butshe continued to run. When she caught up withthem, she saw that they had sat down and were going through the contents of the bag, so sheran straight atthem. The men got such a fright that they dropped the bag and ran away. 'Thestrap needs mending,' said Mrs. Sterling later, 'but they did not steal anything.'

语法归纳:结果状语从句

一句话总结:从句的内容作结果状语。主要形式有:

1) so +形容词/副词+ that如此……以至于……

2) such (十a/an) +名词+ that如此……以至于

特别注意:such表达原因,that引出结果,此处如果such跟单数可数名词必须在名词前用冠词a或an, that后必须跟一个完整的句子。

I was so tired that I fell fast asleep at once.

我太累了,以至于立到就睡着了。

You walked so fast that I could not catch up with you.

你走得太快了,以至于我都赶不上你。

left in such a hurry that I forgot to close the window.

我走得太匆忙,以至于忘了关窗户。

精讲笔记:

1. Mrs. Anne Sterling did not think of the risk she was taking when she ran through aforest after two men.

当安·斯特林夫人在穿过森林追赶两个男人时,她并没有想到所冒的风险。

语言点1 “不及物动词+ of”结构表示“……到”,如:

think of想到

read of 读到

hear of 听到

speak of 说到

smell of 闻到

语言点2 run after追赶;追随;追求;run behind在某人后面跑;run to跑向

2. They had rushed up to her while she was haying a picnic at the edge of a forest withher children and tried to steal her handbag.

当她和孩子们在森林边上野餐时,这两个男人冲到她跟前,企图抢她的手提包。

语言点 句中while引导时间状语从句。注意:while必须用于引导延续性动作的句子,而when/ as则可以用于延续性和非延续性动作的句子。

3. In the struggle, the strap broke and, with the bag in their possession, both menstarted running through the trees.

在争抢中,手提包的带断了,包落入了这两个人手里,他们就跑进了树林。

语言点 部分动词短语的特殊用法总结:

后常加动名词带to的短语有:look forward to期待

be accustomed to习惯于

lead to 导致

be used to习惯于

prefer to更喜欢

object to反对

stick to坚持

admit to承认

pay attention to 注意到

2)常加动名词作宾语的动词有:enjoy享受;persist坚持;practise练习;finish完成;delay推迟;avoid避免;mind介意;suggest建议;consider考虑;risk冒险;appreciate欣赏;tolerate 忍受

3)后常跟不定式作宾语的动词有:agree同意;beg请求;hesitate犹豫;appear似乎;fail失败;pretend假装;refuse拒绝;prepare准备;decide决定;happen碰巧;intend打算;try努力;promise许诺;mean意欲;expect期待;hope希望;wish但愿;want想要

4)跟不定式或动名词意思几乎相同的动词有:love喜欢;like爱好;dislike不喜欢;hate憎恨;prefer更喜欢;begin开始;start开始;continue继续

5)跟不定式和动名词意思不同的动词有:regret后悔,遗憾;remember记得;forget忘记;mean想要,介意;try尝试,努力;stop停止


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