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新概念英语第二册逐句精讲语言点 第51课(1)

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2015年03月14日

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Lesson51 Reward for virtue

My friend, Herbert, has always been fat, butthings got so bad recently that he decided to goon a diet. He began his diet a week ago. First ofall, he wrote out a long list of all the foodswhich were forbidden. The list included most ofthe things Herbert loves: butter, potatoes, rice,beer, milk, chocolate, and sweets. Yesterday I paidhim a visit. I rang the bell and was not surprised tosee that Herbert was still as fat as ever. He led meinto his room and hurriedly hid a large parcel underhis desk. It was obvious that he was very embarrassed. When I asked him what he wasdoing, he smiled guiltily and then put the parcel on the desk. He explained that his diet was sostrict that he had to reward himself occasionally. Then he showed me the contents of theparcel. It contained five large bars of chocolate and three bags of sweets!

本文语法:复习一般过去时

(请参考Lesson 27的语法总结。)

1、My friend, Hugh, has always been fat, but things got so bad recently that hedecided to go on a diet.

我的朋友休一直很胖,但是近来情况变得越发糟糕,以致他决定节食。

语言点1 本句包含so... that...弓丨导的结果状语从句。

语言点2 has always been fat是现在完成时,表不休从过去到现在一直很胖。

语言点3 go on a diet = be on a diet节食,减肥

2、He beganhis dieta week ago.

他是一星期前开始节食的。

语言点 表达过去的时间状语a week ago对应过去式began。

3、First of all, hewrote out a long list of all the foods which were forbidden.

首先,他列了一张长长的单子,上面列了所有禁吃的食物。

语言点1 最高级+ of all”结构表示“最……的是”:

1) bestof all最好的是2) worst of all最坏的是

3) most important of all 最重要的是

语言点2 forbid sb. to do sth.禁止某人做某事→allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事

语言点3 which were forbidden作foods的定语从句。


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