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新概念英语第二册逐句精讲语言点 第62课(2)

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2015年08月17日

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  Lesson 62:After the fire 火灾过后

  Firemen had been fighting the forest for nearly three weeks before they could get it under control. A short time before, great trees had covered the countryside for miles around. Now, smoke still rose up from the warm ground over the desolate hills. Winter was coming on and the hills threatened the surrounding villages with destruction, for heavy rain would not only wash away the soil but would cause serious floods as well. When the fire had at last been put out, the forest authorities ordered several tons of a special type of grass-seed which would grow quickly. The seed was sprayed over the ground in huge quantities by aeroplanes. The planes had been planting seed for nearly a month when it began to rain. By then, however, in many places the grass had already taken root. In place of the great trees which had been growing there for centuries patches of green had begun to appear in the blackened soil.

  句子讲解:

  4、Winter was coming on and the hills threatened the surrounding villages with destruction, for heavy rain would not only wash away the soil but would cause serious floods as well.

  冬天即将来临,这些山丘对周围的村庄具有毁灭性的威胁。因为大雨不仅会冲走土壤而 且还会引起严重的水灾。

  语言点 destruction毁灭,反义词为construction建设,建筑。not only...but also...表递进,说明洪水带来的种种影响。

  真题测试 测试语言点:动词习惯搭配

  Not only the professionals but also the amateurs will( )from the new training facilities.

  (2003 年 6 月 CET-4,第 56 题)

  A. derive B. acquire C. benefit D. reward

  答案:选C

  分析:本题考查动词短语和习惯搭配。derive from起源;acquire from学到;benefit from 受益于;reward from获得报酬。

  翻译:这些新的训练设施既对职业选手有利,也让业余选手获益。

  5、When the fire had at last been put out, the forest authorities ordered several tons of a special type of grass-seed which would grow quickly.

  当大火最终被扑灭后,当地的森林管理局订购了好几吨一种特殊的生长速度极快的草籽。

  语言点 本句包含when引导的时间状语从句和which引导的定语从句。

  真题测试 测试语言点:put out表示“灭火,熄灭”

  The forest guards often find campfires that have been ( )completely.

  (2004年髙考吉林卷,第26题)

  A. turned down B. put out C. put away D. turned over

  答案:选B

  分析:turn down把声音关小; put away把 收起,放好;turn over翻倒。campfire“营火”对应put out“扑灭”,所以选B。

  翻译:森林向导经常能够找到已经被完全扑灭了的营火。

  6、The seed was sprayed over the ground in huge quantities by aeroplanes.

  飞机将这些草籽大量地撒播在地上。

  语言点 spray sth. over / on往……上喷洒

  spray water over / on flower 洗花

  spray grass-seed over / on ground 往地上撒草料
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