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新概念英语第三册逐句精讲语言点 第5课 确切数字 (4)

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2015年11月05日

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  When the journalist again failed to reply, the editor reluctantly published the article as it had originally been written. A week later, the editor at last received a fax from the journalist. Not only had the poor man been arrested, but he had been sent to prison as well. However, he had at last been allowed to send a fax in which he informed the editor that the he had been arrested while counting the 1,084 steps leading to the fifteen-foot wall which surrounded the president's palace.

  10. When the journalist again failed to reply, the editor reluctantly published the article as it had originally been written.

  但记者还是没有回复。编辑无奈,勉强按原样发了稿。

  reluctantly

  adv. 不情愿地;嫌恶地

  例句:

  She agreed, very reluctantly, to be operated on by a young doctor.

  她非常勉强地同意让一位年轻医生为她作手术。

  published

  adj. 已发布的

  v. 出版;发行(publish的过去式)

  例句:

  The company publishes its accounts in August.

  这家商行公布了八月份的账目。

  originally [ə'ridʒənəli]

  adv. 最初,起初;本来

  例句:

  Originally, the brain is quite open.

  起初大脑是非常开放的。

  语言点1:句子结构分析:when引导时间状语从句。Reluctantly表示“勉强地”,为方式状语。As引导方式状语从句,交代文稿的状态。

  语言点2:“fail+动词不定式”的搭配看似肯定,实则否定。

  例句支持:

  I fail to see why you think so. 我不明白你们为什么这么想。

  They fail to revive the economy. 他们没能使经济复苏。

  语言点3:be reluctant to do sth.=be unwilling to do sth.意思是“不情愿做某事”。

  例句支持:

  She was very reluctant to do the job.(=She was unwilling to do the job.) 她很不情愿做这份工作。

  11. A week later, the editor at last received a fax from the journalist.

  一周之后,编辑终于接到了记者的传真。

  语言点1:句子结构分析:a week later放在句首,强调时间久。At last说明最终结果。

  语言点2:at last=in the end/finally/eventually/in course of time/ultimately,意思是“终于,最后”。

  例句支持:

  You'll learn English well in course of time.你总有一天会学好英语。

  12. Not only had the poor man been arrested, but he had been sent to prison as well.

  那个可怜的记者不仅被捕了,而且还被送进了监狱。

  arrested

  adj. 逮捕的;被捕的;被拘留的

  vt. 逮捕;拘留;阻止(arrest的过去分词)

  vi. 逮捕;拘留;遏止(arrest的过去分词)

  例句:

  The police arrested him for(或on charges of) murder.

  警察因他行凶杀人而将他拘捕。

  prison ['prizən]

  n. 监狱;监禁;拘留所

  vt. 监禁,关押

  例句:

  However, soon into a prison cage.

  可是,不久进了一监牢笼。

  语言点:句子结构分析:not only放在句首引起部分倒装。But…as well连接两个并列的动作。

  13. However, he had at last been allowed to send a fax in which he informed the editor that the he had been arrested while counting the 1,084 steps leading to the fifteen-foot wall which surrounded the president's palace.

  不过,他终于获准发回了一份传真。在传真中他告诉编辑,就在他数通向15英尺高的总统府围墙的1084级台阶时,被抓了起来。

  surrounded

  adj. 被…环绕着的

  例句:

  They have surrounded the town with troops.

  部队包围了这城市好几个月。

  语言点1:句子结构分析:however为过渡性的转折用语。To send a fax是动词不定式短语,作主语he的补足语。In which是“prep.+关系代词”结构,引导定语从句,修饰fax。That引导宾语从句,说明informed的内容。Leading to …为现在分词短语,作定语,修饰steps。While引导时间状语从句。第二个which引导定语从句,修饰wall。

  语言点2:be allowed to do sth.=be permitted to do sth.意思是“被允许做某事”。


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