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“/” 和 “\” 有什么区别?英语千万别读成“gang”……

2022-01-13 08:45:52  每日学英语

The difference between a backslash and a forward slash might not seem much. But these symbols aren’t interchangeable, and only one is technically used as punctuation.

反斜杠(\)和正斜杠(/)看起来似乎区别不大。但这些符号是不可互换的,严格来说这两者只有一种能被当作标点符号用在书面表达上。

01

 
The Forward Slash ( / )
 
正斜杠

 

The forward slash is a common punctuation mark, especially in less formal writing. It is usually used in place of ‘or’ when presenting a series of options or alternatives:

正斜杠是一种常见的标点符号,特别是在不太正式的写作中。它通常被用来代替“或者”或当提出一系列的选项时使用。

Every student must do his/her reading before class.

每个学生必须在课前完成他或她的阅读任务。

Using a slash between ‘his’ and ‘her’ here is the same as saying ‘his or her’. Generally, though, you would not use a forward slash like this in formal writing, where writing ‘or’ would be standard.

在“his”和“her”之间使用斜杠相当于“他”或“她”。一般来说,在正式写作中,你不会使用像这样的斜杠,而应该用单词or。

The forward slash has other uses, too, including the following:

正斜杠还有其他用途,包括以下内容:

 

1️⃣Writing fractions or as a division sign (e.g. 3/5 = three fifths)

书写分数或者作为除号(比方说3/5就是五分之三)

2️⃣Writing the date (e.g. 21/04/1986 = 21 April 1986)

书写日期时(比方说21/04/1986就是1986年4月21日)

3️⃣To mean ‘per’ in a measurement (e.g. 10 m/s = ten metres per second)

在单位里表达“每”(比方说10 m/s表示每秒十米)

4️⃣In certain abbreviations (e.g. c/o = care of, n/a = not applicable)

在某些缩写表达里(比方说c/o就是在乎,n/a就是不适用)

5️⃣To separate lines of poetry when written on a single line (e.g. And both that morning equally lay/In leaves no step had trodden black)

把写在一行上的诗分开,作用相当于回车

6️⃣Website URLs (e.g. https://xxxxx.com.au/)

书写网址时会用到

02

 
The Backslash ( \ )
 
反斜线符号

 

The backslash is a ‘typographical mark’ (i.e. something you can type on a computer). However, it is not a punctuation mark and you will only usually see it in computing. Specifically, the backslash is primarily used in programming languages and file directories on Windows computers. So unless you are writing about computers, you should not need to use this symbol very often.

反斜杠是一个排印标记(也就是说,你可以在电脑上输入的东西)。然而,它不是一个标点符号,你通常只会在计算中看到它。具体来说,反斜杠主要用于编程语言和Windows计算机上的文件目录。因此,除非你写的是关于计算机的文章,否则你是不应该经常使用这个符号。

也就是说反斜杠“\”是电脑出现了之后为了表示程序设计里的特殊含义才发明的专用标点。除了程序设计领域外,任何地方你都不应该有使用反斜杠的时候,请永远使用正斜杠“/”。

其它标点符号

Punctuation Marks

.

句号

full stop (UK)/ period (US)

例:

The teacher motioned the boy to study.

老师示意那个孩子去学习。

,

逗号

comma

例:

No dream is too big, and no dreamer is too small.

梦想再大也不为过,追梦人再小也不为过。

;

分号

semicolon

例:

The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there.

过去是异国;在那他们做事情的方式不同。

:

冒号

colon

例:

The City is termite territory: thousands of heads-down workers serving an unacknowledged queen.

这座城市是白蚁的地盘:数千名埋头工作的工人在为一个不被认可的女王服务。

?

问号

question mark

例:

Are you ok?

你没事儿吧?

!

感叹号

exclamation mark (UK)/ exclamation point (US)

例:

Look at this!

看这个!

所有格符号

Apostrophe

例:

This is my son‘s ball.

这是我儿子的球。

破折号

Dash (em dash, en dash)

例:

Please call my supervisor — John Wick — on Friday.

请在星期五打电话给我的主管约翰·维克。

()

括号

Round Brackets (UK)/ Parentheses (US)

例:

There are several books on the subject (see page 120).

关于此主题有几本书(请参阅第120页)。

[]

方括号

Square Brackets

例: Dante testified that it was the last time he saw them [the missing coins].

丹蒂作证说,这是他最后一次见到他们[丢失的硬币]。

"

引号

Quotation Marks

例:

“Go out!“ She said to me.

“出去!”她对我说。

...

省略号

Ellipsis Marks (UK)/ Ellipsis Points (US)

例:

Then the numbers 1, 11, 2,…, where the ellipsis are filled by a sequence of 1’s as needed, solves the puzzle.

然后数字1、11、2,其中的省略号根据需要由一系列的1填充,解决了这个难题。

/

除号

Slash

例:

Blood pressure is recorded as two numbers separated by a slash, like 120/80.

血压记录为以斜线分隔的两个数字,像120/80。

@

在符号

At sign

例:

30 dictionaries @ £29.99 each.

30本字典,每本29.99。

&

和符号

Ampersand

例:

My friend & I go to school together.

我的朋友和我一起上学。

-

连字符

Hyphen

例:

It would be nice to think this tip–off enabled him to avoid this fate but I fear his life was lost along with those missing hyphens.’

这是一个很好的想法,使他避免了这种命运,但我担心他的生命失去了那些丢失的连字符。

{}

大括号

Brace (UK)/ Curly Brackets (US)

例:

a = { 5, 20, 25, 45, 70 }

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