羽生结弦执意要挑战的“4A”到底是什么?

2022-02-16 17:19:59  每日学英语
Figure skating is known for its dashing moves.花样滑冰以动作浪漫浮华而闻名。

Figure skating:花样滑冰

There is one called the "quad Axel," or "4A," that is widely considered to be the hardest jump in figure skating.有一种动作被称为阿克塞尔四周跳(quad Axel),或“4A”,被广泛认为是花样滑冰中最难的动作。

By difficulty, there are six types of jumps in figure skating: the toe loop, the loop, the salchow, the flip, the lutz and the Axel.按难度计算,花样滑冰有六种跳跃动作: 后外点冰、后外结环、后内结环、后内点冰、勾手跳和阿克塞尔跳。

The Axel, also known as the Axel Paulsen jump after its creator, is the most difficult one.阿克塞尔跳,也被称为阿克塞尔·保尔森跳,是最困难的一项跳跃动作。

It is a type of "edge jump," meaning skaters have to skate on one side of the blade when lifting off the ice.这是一种“边跳”,意思是花滑运动员在从冰上起跳落地后必须用单脚滑行。

Derived from the Axel jump, the quad Axel sits at the top when it comes to jump difficulty as it actually requires a skater to complete a quad Axel rotation and an extra half-revolution.从阿克塞尔跳衍生而来的4A在跳跃难度上处于最高点,因为它实际上需要运动员在空中完成4周半才能落地。

rotation:旋转

Among all the Axel jumps, it has a specific requirement for skaters to jump up while facing forward.在所有的阿克塞尔跳中,4A有一个特殊的要求,即花滑选手要向前起跳。

So in such cases, there is always an extra half turn that one needs to complete to ensure they land backwards.由于选手向前起跳,向后落冰,所以比一般跳跃在空中多转半圈,以确保他们向后着陆。

Although no one skater has yet conquered the move at any competitions, the world's top-notch Japanese skater Yuzuru Hanyu had given it the closest go during the Japanese national championship in 2021.尽管还没有人在任何比赛中完成这一动作,但在2021年的日本全国锦标赛上,世界顶尖的日本花滑选手羽生结弦做出了最接近这一动作的成绩。

top-notch:顶尖的,出众的人物

However, as it was not quite a perfect success, it was downgraded due to his two-footed landing.然而,由于他双脚落冰,这一跳跃被降组。

Hanyu, nicknamed by many fans as the "Ice Prince," has always dreamed of completing this most difficult move.许多粉丝称羽生结弦为“冰上王子”,他也一直梦想着完成这一最难的动作。

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