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高中英语阅读理解拓展之肢体语言

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2021年01月15日

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  高中英语阅读理解仅凭书本内容很难有大的进步,必须结合时事,进行大量的课外阅读,培养读感,才能在英语卷面上拿到超出你本身词汇量的得分,下面是小编整理的关于高中英语阅读理解拓展之肢体语言的资料,非常适合用来反复阅读,希望对你有所帮助!

  

 

  Body Language: It Speaks Louder Than Words

  Keep your nose to the grindstone, shoulder the responsibility, be all ears when the customer speaks and you will have the boss wrapped around your little finger. Don't look down your nose at this handful of idioms, because they serve as an eye opener regarding body language's role in the depiction of ideas.

  Body language is clearly central to good communication and is particularly important when attempting to communicate across cultural and language barriers. In fact, body language is more important to people from other cultures than it is to most Americans. To native-born Americans, the spoken word is by far the most important communication tool. In other cultures, however, the way words are spoken -- along with the gestures, posture and facial expressions that accompany those words -- is of greater significance.

  Body language becomes still more important when there is a verbal language barrier. With the verbal message missing, the listener naturally relies on what is available. Fatigue and stress cause us to depend still more on physical cues. This is because fatigue and confusion interfere with the ability to understand a new language. As a result, the listener relies more and more on how something is said, and on the movements that accompany the message.

  Those of you who have worked extensively with people from other cultures can, no doubt, tell many tales about how body language can contradict the spoken word. This is because the body is more articulate than words in communicating emotion. For example, the Asian American that says, "Yes," while lowering the eyes may mean, "No," but feel reluctant to disrupt the harmony of the relationship by directly saying so. In mainstream American culture, the folded arms of resolve, the grimace of pain or anger, the hand wringing of anxiety, are powerful communicators of emotions. Think about how much more convinced you are, for example, that a group of children are excited when they jump up and down than if they simply state, "We are very excited."

  The tricky thing about body language is that we are often unaware of how we are reacting to it. We may, for example, form a negative judgment about someone because she slouches, won't look us in the eye or "talks with her hands." Because we are unaware of why we made the judgment, we are unable to filter out our biases about what body language means and what it tells us about an individual. By studying cultural variations in body language, we can learn to recognize the subtle differences that may inappropriately influence our judgment and interfere with good communication.

  Finally -- and this is the fun part -- body language gives us clues to cultural style. Picture a southern European who is gesturing enthusiastically next to a more restrained Asian American, and you will see a clear contrast between an outgoing expressive culture and one which values physical understatement.

  肢体语言:它比语言更响亮

  埋头苦干,负起责任,客户说话时要全神贯注,老板就会缠着你的小指。不要小看这一小撮习语,因为它们能让你大开眼界地了解肢体语言在表达思想中的作用。

  肢体语言显然是良好沟通的核心,在试图跨越文化和语言障碍进行沟通时尤为重要。事实上,肢体语言对其他文化的人来说比对大多数美国人来说更重要。对土生土长的美国人来说,口语是迄今为止最重要的交流工具。然而,在其他文化中,词语的表达方式——以及伴随这些词语的手势、姿势和面部表情——具有更大的意义。

  当存在语言障碍时,身体语言变得更加重要。当语言信息缺失时,听者自然会依赖可用的信息。疲劳和压力使我们更加依赖于身体的暗示。这是因为疲劳和混乱干扰了理解一门新语言的能力。结果,听者越来越依赖于说话的方式,以及伴随信息的动作。

  毫无疑问,你们中那些与其他文化背景的人有过广泛合作的人可以讲很多关于肢体语言如何与口语相矛盾的故事。这是因为身体比语言更能表达情感。例如,亚裔美国人说“是”,而降低眼睛可能意味着“不”,但不愿意破坏和谐的关系,直接这么说。在美国主流文化中,决心的双臂合拢,痛苦或愤怒的表情,焦虑的捏手,都是情感的有力传达者。想想你有多确信,例如,一群孩子在跳上跳下时会兴奋,而不是简单地说“我们非常兴奋”

  肢体语言的棘手之处在于,我们常常不知道自己对肢体语言的反应。例如,我们可能会对某人形成负面的判断,因为她懒散,不看我们的眼睛或“用手说话”。因为我们不知道为什么我们会做出这样的判断,我们无法过滤我们对身体语言的含义和它告诉我们的关于一个人的偏见。通过研究身体语言中的文化差异,我们可以学会识别细微的差异,这些差异可能会不适当地影响我们的判断,干扰良好的沟通。

  最后——最有趣的部分——肢体语言为我们提供了文化风格的线索。想象一个南欧人在一个更加克制的亚裔美国人旁边热情地打手势,你会看到外向的表达文化和重视身体低调的文化之间的鲜明对比。


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