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高中语法专练:iii. 非限制性定语从句的重要特点

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2020年05月26日

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iii. 非限制性定语从句的重要特点

1. 非限制性定语从句总是用逗号与主句隔开。

They have four children, all of whom are now at school.

他们有四个孩子,现在都在上学。

2. 引导非限制性定语从句的关系代词无论是否在从句中作宾语都不能省略。

Yesterday I met Jack, whom his parents were looking for at that time.

昨天我见到了杰克,当时他父母正在找他呢。

3. 用both/some/each/most/all/several/many/a few/ten of + whom/which引导非限制性定语从句用which指物,用whom指人。

Her parents, both of whom work in Beijing, ring her up every week.

他父母每周都给他打电话,两人都在北京工作。

The house was full of desks, several of which were made of stone.

这间房子里全是课桌,好几张都是石头做的。

4. 注意逗号与and的不同功能。and连接的是并列句,需用人称代词;仅有逗号没有并列连词时用关系代词引导非限制性定语从句。

This is our school, in front of which lies a road.

这就是我们学校,前面有一条路。

This is our school, and in front of it lies a road.

这就是我们学校,它前面有条路。

5. 非限制性定语从句在意义上相当于一个并列句。

I told the story to John, who later did it to his brother.

I told The story to John,and he later told it to his brother.

我把那个故事告诉了约翰,他后来把故事告诉了他的弟弟。

The next day John went with me to the station, where I bought a ticket for Beijing.

The next day John went with me to The station,and there I bought a ticket for Beijing.

第二天约翰和我一起去了火车站,在那里买了去北京的车票。

6. 非限制性定语从句有时相当于一个状语从句,表示原因、目的、结果、条件或让步意义。

He is clever and quick at his work, for which he is honoured with the title of model worker .

he is clever and quick at his work so that he is honoured with The title of model worker.

他工作很聪明很快捷,因此他被授予模范工人的称号。

Mr. Wang, who had carefully read through the instructions before doing his experiments , could not obtain satisfactory results, because he followed them mechanically.

Mr. Wang,though he had carefully read through The instructions before doing his experiments,could not obtain satisfactory results,because he followed them mechanically.

尽管王先生在做实验前仔细通读了说明书,却还是没能获得满意的结果,因为他机械地遵照说明书进行实验。

Chinese delegations have been sent to Asian-African countries, who will negotiate trade agreements with the respective governments.

Chinese delegations have been sent to Asian-African countries,so that they may negotiate trade agreements with The respective governments.

中国代表团已经被派往亚非国家,以便与那些国家谈判贸易协定。

专项练习

1. He is a newcomer, _______ at the library just now.

A. we met

B. who we meet

C. whom we met

D. that we met

2. Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase, _______ was very reasonable.

A. which price

B. the price of which

C. its price

D. the price of whose

3. He is a boy, _______ has always had his own way.

A. which

B. who

C. whom

D. who's

4. He lived in London for 3 months, during _______ time he learned some English.

A. this

B. which

C. that

D. same

5. I don't like _______ you speak to her.

A. the way

B. the way in that

C. the way which

D. the way of which

6. Jing Haipeng, a Chinese astronaut, made another wonderful trip to space, _______ of great importance to the Chinese space science and technology.

A. which I think is

B. which I think it is

C. which I think it

D. I think which is

7. He was very rude to the customs officer, _______ , of course, made things even worse.

A. who

B. whom

C. what

D. which

8. Jack failed to pass the mid-term exam, _______ came as a surprise to everyone of his family.

A. it

B. that

C. which

D. he

9. Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play, _______ , of course, made the others unhappy.

A. who

B. which

C. this

D. what

10. I'll do everything I _______ him.

A. must help

B. should help

C. can to help

D. can help

11. Let's go and visit Mr. Brown, _______ you know visited us last year.

A. that

B. who

C. whom

D. whose

12. Mary is good at English and mathematics, _______ we all know very well in our school.

A. that

B. what

C. /

D. as

13. Carol said the work would be done by October, _______ personally I doubt very much.

A. it

B. that

C. when

D. which

14. The buses, _______ were already full, were surrounded by an angry crowd.

A. most of them

B. most of which

C. which most

D. that most

15. There were two small rooms in the beach house, _______ served as a kitchen.

A. the smaller of them

B. the smallest of which

C. the smaller of which

D. smallest of which

16. They have three daughters, all _______ are doctors.

A. of whom

B. of them

C. of which

D. who

17. The workers produced 200,000 TV sets, _______ are of great quality.

A. most of them

B. most of which

C. most of that

D. which of most

18. The house _______ we live is not large.

A. which

B. in which

C. on which

D. at which

19. He was late for school again this morning, _______ made his teacher very angry.

A. that

B. what

C. which

D. when

20. The house was full of boys, ten of _______ were his sons.

A. it

B. that

C. them

D. whom

21. The house was full of boys, and ten of _______ were his sons.

A. whom

B. that

C. it

D. them

22. He is a man of great experience, _______ much can be learned.

A. who

B. from him

C. from whom

D. whom

23. They have two daughters, both _______ are doctors.

A. of whom

B. of them

C. of which

D. who

24. China has hundreds of islands, _______ Taiwan is the largest.

A. in which

B. at which

C. among which

D. which

答案速查 1-5 CBBBA 6—10 ADCBC 11—15 BDDBC 16—20 ABBCD 21—24 DCAC


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