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高口口试笔记:口译速记技巧

所属教程:高级口译

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掌握常用速记符号和方法

对于口译考生,笔者推荐以下几类:

A.保留大写字母或第一音节

经济:E 教育:Edu 文化:C 政治:P 科技:ST 卫生:H

旅游:T 环境:En 工业:I 农业:A

B.简写缩略

AFAC:as far as … is concerned(就……而言)

LFT:look forward to (期待)

ASAP:as soon as possible(尽快)

C.图像

⊕ 高兴,同意,满意等,如:happy, pleased, satisfied, agree…

◎ 悲伤,生气,不满,不同意等,如:

sad, angry, irritated, unsatisfied, sorrowful, discomfort, disagree…

⊙ 会议,如conference, meeting, seminar, symposium…

□ 国家,地区,如:中国:□C,俄国:□R D.符号

﹢高兴,男性,同意,增加等,如

happy, male, agree, many, +2=more, +3=most, beneficial, good, beautiful, great, gorgeous…

-悲伤,女性,不同意,减少等,如

sad, female, disagree, little, few, -2=less, -3=least, lack of, short of…

√同意,正确等,如:agree, correct, right…

×不同意,错误等,如:disagree, incorrect…

↑增长,进步等,如:increase, soar, mushroom, rocket, make progress…

↓下降,退步,恶化等,如decrease, sink, slide, subside, plump, plunge, drop, degrade,

deteriorate…

>多于,超过, 比……低一级等,如:more than, greater than, begger than, better than,superior to, surpass, transcend, overtake…

<少于,比……低级等,如:less than, lower than, smaller than, inferior to…

~大约,如:approximately, about, around, some, nearly, almost, similar to…

/否定,清除,如:clear, settle, solve, tackle, conquer, eliminate, extinct…

﹦与……同等,如:stand for, refer to, means, that is to say, in other words, be equal to, as…as, same as…

∥竞争对手,如:competitor, rival, opponent, enemy, counterpart…

≠与……不同,如:differ from, different from, distinct, unique…

$金钱,利益,如:interest, benefit, money, fund, capital…

E.标点

?问题,麻烦,障碍,如:question, issue, difficult, hardship, barrier, obstacle…

:主观想法和说辞,如:think, consider, speak, say, talk, mark, announce, declare, hope, 例:repeat或reaffirm可以用:2来替代,声明支持可以用+:来替代,谴责用-:

. 表时间前后,如去年.y,明年y., 后天d..,前天..d,两周后w..

现举例段落进行速记说明:

女士们,先生们,尊贵的来宾们:

今天我很荣幸能够代表北京大学全体师生向来自美国教育代表团一行致以热烈的欢迎,希望你们在今后的两周内在中国过得愉快。

速记符号:-/+, VIP,

d, ⊕代BJ Uni all wel US Edu dele, :w.., ⊕□C

高频短句

I regard it my great honor/pleasure/privilege to have the rare opportunity to have name, title visit our city of ____, which is crowned as _______, and I do hope that Your Honor enjoy your stay here and see by your own eyes the great hospitality of people here as well as its fabulous dynamics.


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