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第二十一章 独立成分 插入语

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Lisa

2015年03月27日

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  191 .插入语

  1 .最常见的插入语是下面这类,可放在句子末尾(a ) ,也可能在句子中间(b ) :

  a . 插入语放在句子末尾

  What will be a good beginning, I hope .

  希望这是一个良好的开端。

  We'll have to book our tickets in advance, I'm afraid .

  我看我们得提前订票。

  Her performance was wonderful, don't you think ?

  她的演出很出色,你觉得吧?

  We went there for our honeymoon, you know .

  我们到那里是去度蜜月,你知道。

  b . 插入语放在句子中间

  The play, I think, was both interesting and instructive .

  这个戏我觉得既有趣又教咏人。

  The trees there, it ssaid, are mostly, over thirty feet tall .

  据说那里的树多数都有三丈多高。

  The first part, it seems, 15 better written than the other parts .

  第一部分似乎比其他部分写得都好。

  This, you know, is just my personal opinion .

  这你知道只是我的个人看法。

  2 .有些词或短词可插在句子(特别是问句)中去,不用逗号隔开:

  What on earth are you fussing about ?

  什么事你这样大惊小怪?

  I wonder where the devil my slippers are ?

  真怪,我的拖鞋到哪里去了?

  Who hell are you ?

  你他妈的是谁?

  这种插入语主要用来加重语气,去掉后句子结构仍然是完整的。

  3 .另外在下面这类句子中似乎也插入了一个成分:

  We have been waiting for you for heaven knows how long .

  (比较:Heavens knows how long we have been waiting for you . )

  我们一劲儿等着,天知道我们等了多久。

  不过这种插入的部分不宜拿掉。

  --------------------------------------------------------

  练习题及答案:

  练习一:在下面句子的插入语下面划线

  1 . Your family are quite well, I hope .

  1 . I hope

  2 . You don't mind my smoking, I suppose .

  2 . I suppose

  3 . It must cost a good deal to live here, don't you think ?

  3 . don't you think

  5 . Never trained that way, you see .

  5 . you see

  6 . Soon this would be behind us, she said .

  6 . she said

  7 . What's the meaning of all that, he asked .

  7 . he asked

  8 . Why did she do that, he wondered .

  8 . he wondered

  9 . I'm not much of a dancer, I'm afraid .

  9 . I'm afraid

  10 . That, I think, is the only answer for the question .

  10 . I think

  11 . Your explanation, I'm afaid, isn't very convincing .

  11 . I'm afraid

  12 . Your mother, I guess will be too busy to do that .

  12 . I guess

  练习二:在下面句子插入的词下划线:

  1 . What on earth do you mean ?

  1 . on earth

  2 . What the devil happened ?

  2 . the devil

  3 . What the hell do you want ?

  3 . the hell

  4 . What, in the name of goodness, does all thismean ?

  4 . in the name of goodness

  5 . He got the news from nobody knows where .

  5 . nobody knows

  6 . The temple disappeared no one remembers when .

  6 . no one remembers

  7 . There were twelve people present, to beprecise .

  7 . to beprecise


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