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高中语法专练:v. 让步状语从句

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2020年06月10日

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v. 让步状语从句

1. although引导的让步状语从句不能倒装,经常放在主句之前。

Although she is rich, she is unhappy.

尽管她很富有但是却不幸福。

2. though引导的让步状语从句可以倒装也可以不倒装,可以放主句前后。

Though English is hard to learn, we must learn it well.

Hard to learn though English is,we must learn it well.

尽管英语难学,我们一定要把它学好。

3. as意为“尽管”。

1)引导让步从句时,从句必须倒装。

Strong as he is , he can't lift the heavy stone.

尽管他很强壮,他却不能扛起这块石头。

2)倒装是把从句的表语提前,表语是名词时,名词前面不用冠词,无论是否有形容词修饰。

Child as/though he is , he knows a lot.

尽管他是个孩子,却知道很多东西。

Young man as he is , he is respected by his colleagues.

尽管他是个年轻人,却受到同事们的尊敬。

3)没有表语时,将状语提前。

Hard as he worked , he didn't pass yesterday's English exam.

尽管他学习很努力,却没有通过昨天的英语考试。

4)没有状语时,将部分谓语提前。

Try as he may , he won't succeed.

尽管他可能会去尝试,但不会成功。

4. even if= even though意为“即使”。

Even though/if you don't like wine, you can just try a little.

尽管你不喜欢酒,你也可以尝一点。

5. while=although意为“虽然”,从句只能放在主句前面,而且不能倒装。

While the house prices are very high , he has bought quite a few of the good houses.

虽然房价很高,他却买了好几套漂亮房子。

6. wh-ever意为“无论……”。whatever/whenever/wherever/whoever/whichever/however=no matter what/when/where/who/which/how。

Whatever/No matter what you do, you should do it well.

无论你干什么,你都应该把它干好。

Whoever/No matter who you are, you must obey the rules.

无论你是谁,都应该遵守规章制度。

1)whoever, whichever, whatever可以引导状语从句也可以引导名词性从句。

Whatever you do , you should think it over first.

无论你干什么事,都应事先仔细考虑。

You can give the book to whoever likes to read .

你可以把书本给任何喜欢读书的人。

2)no matter wh-只能引导让步状语从句,不能引导名词性从句。

No matter what I did/Whatever I did , no one paid any attention.

无论我做什么,没有人关注。

No matter when and how the invaders come, they will be wiped out clean.

无论侵略者何时, 以何种方式来,他们都将被彻底地消灭。

Whatever should be done/No matter what should be done is worth doing well.

任何应该做的事,都值得做好。

3)whenever, wherever, however只能引导让步状语从句。

However often you ring , no one will answer.

无论你怎样不停地打电话,都不会有人接。

Wherever he is/may be , he must be found.

无论他在哪里,都必须找到。

7. however +形容词/副词=no matter how +形容词/副词意为“无论多么……”。

However cold it is tomorrow , I'll come to help you.

无论明天多么冷,我都会来帮助你的。

8. whether ... or (not)意为“无论(是否)”。

Whether you like English or not , you must learn it well.

无论你是否喜欢英语,都必须学好它。

9. despite the fact that ... = in spite of the fact that意为“不管”。

Despite the fact that he has made a mistake, he is still a noble man.

in spite of his mistakes,he is still a noble man.

尽管他犯了错误,仍然是一位高尚的人。

He came to the meeting despite his illness/despite the fact that he was ill .

尽管生了病,他还是来参加会议。

10. 让步状语从句都不能与but连用。

While I admit that the problems are difficult, I don't agree that they cannot be solved.

尽管我承认这些问题很难, 但是我不认为它们不能解决。

11. that有时相当于as,也可以引导让步状语从句,这时从句须倒装,其倒装形式与as从句相同。

Child that he was , he knew what was the right thing to do.

尽管是个孩子,他也知道什么是正确的该做的事情。

12. 用-ed分词结构表示让步状语,含有被动完成的含义。

Though invited , I didn't go.

尽管受到邀请,我也没有去。

Even though given every attention , the man was not satisfied.

尽管备受关注,那人还是不满意。

13. 用-ing分词结构表示让步状语,含有主动伴随的含义。

Waking or sleeping, this subject is always in my mind.

无论醒着还是睡眠中,这个主题总是在我的脑子里。

14. 用无动词分句表示让步概念。

Well or sick, calm or worried , she is always paying much attention to her child's safety.

无论身体好坏,安逸还是烦恼,她总是很关注孩子的安全。

Whatever your problems (are) , they can't be worse than mine.

无论你的问题是什么,都不会比我的更糟糕。

专项练习

1. _______ , Mother will wait for him to have dinner together.

A. However late is he

B. However he is late

C. However is he late

D. However late he is

2. If we work with a strong will, we can overcome any difficulty, _______ great it is.

A. what

B. how

C. however

D. whatever

3. _______ , I have never seen anyone who's as capable as John.

A. As long as I have traveled

B. Now that I have traveled so much

C. Much as I have traveled

D. As I have traveled so much

4. —Dad, I've finished my assignment.

—Good, and _______ you play or watch TV, you mustn't disturb me.

A. whenever

B. whether

C. whatever

D. no matter

5. If that idea is wrong, the project is bound to fail, _______ good all the other ideas might be.

A. whatever

B. though

C. how

D. however

6. _______ , I have never seen any interest place is as beautiful as Zhangjiajie.

A. As long as I have traveled

B. Now that I have traveled so much

C. Much as I have traveled

D. As I have traveled so much

7. _______ we want to help each other, we should point out each other's shortcomings.

A. Now that

B. Although

C. Unless

D. When

8. —Did you enjoy yourself at the party?

—Yes, _______ I didn't know anybody.

A. even

B. even though

C. as if

D. as though

9. _______ difficulties we meet, we will always keep on trying to do our best.

A. How

B. However

C. What

D. Whatever

10. Naughty _______ Tom is, he is never late _______ his homework.

A. as; for

B. though; with

C. that; by

D. while; with

11. The landowners in India would not vote to lose their land and wealth, _______ it resulted _______ a fairer society.

A. whether; of

B. even though; of

C. as if; in

D. even if; in

12. No matter how _______ , he couldn't do any better.

A. he worked hard

B. hard he worked

C. hardly he worked

D. he worked hardly

13. My father doesn't want to buy a car now, _______ he needs one in fact.

A. but

B. so

C. because

D. though

14. _______ Shanghai many times, but he still doesn't know the city very well.

A. He has been to

B. He has gone to

C. Though he has been to

D. Having been to

15. _______ life in a poor country can be difficult, it can broaden a person's view of the world.

A. If

B. Although

C. Because

D. When

16. _______ it is that you've found, you must give it back to the person it belongs to.

A. That

B. Because

C. Whatever

D. However

17. He gave up the hope of passing the examination _______ he had already failed it twice.

A. unless

B. if

C. because

D. until

18. _______ as he is, he has rich experience in teaching.

A. The young

B. The young man

C. A young man

D. young man

19. Rod is determined to get a seat for the concert _______ it means standing in a queue all night.

A. as if

B. provided

C. even if

D. whatever

20. The engineers are going on with their highway project, _______ the expenses have risen.

A. even though

B. just because

C. now that

D. as though

答案速查 1-5 DCCBD 6—10 CABDB 11—15 DBDAB 16—20 CCDCA


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