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高中语法专练:iii. 不定式作宾语补足语

所属教程:全新高中英语语法专练

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2020年06月19日

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iii. 不定式作宾语补足语

1. 常见的跟不定式作宾语补语的动词及短语:ask, allow, advise, beg, call on, expect, force, forbid, invite, teach, would like, depend on, wait for等。

I'll wait for you to come at the gate tomorrow.

明天我要在大门口等你来。

The children asked their parents to take them to the park.

孩子们请他们的父母带他们去公园。

2. 跟不带to不定式作补语的感官动词:feel(一感),listen to, hear(二听);have, let, make(三使);look at, see, watch, observe, notice(五看),但在被动语态中必须带to。

She felt someone pat her on the shoulder.

她感觉某人拍了拍她的肩膀。

He was noticed to go out.

有人注意到他出去了。

3. 在consider, declare, find, prove, think后常跟to be不定式作宾语补足语,且to be常可以省略;如不定式是完成式,不定式to be不省略。

We consider our class teacher (to be) our friend.

我们把我们班主任看作朋友。

He is considered to have stolen our money.

有人认为他偷了我们的钱。

He was found to have been to America for three times.

有人发现他去过三次美国。

4. 在 love, hate, like, prefer, want等表示情感状态的动词后作宾语补语。

I prefer him to tell me what happened on earth last night.

我更希望他告诉我昨天夜里到底发生了什么事情。

5. 在arrange for, ask for, long for, prepare for, provide for, vote for, wait for, call on, count on, depend on, rely on等动词短语后作宾语补足语。

He depended on us to finish the task ahead of time.

他指望我们提前完成任务。

专项练习

1. An army spokesman stressed that all the soldiers had been ordered _______ clear warnings before firing any shots.

A. to issue

B. being issued

C. to have issued

D. to be issued

2. The girl is often heard _______ songs in the next room.

A. practise to sing

B. practise singing

C. to practise to sing

D. to practise singing

3. —What can we do to help Li Ming?

—All we can do is to try _______ that he should study even harder.

A. making him to realize

B. making him realize

C. to make him realize

D. to make him to realize

4. Soon they saw the two strangers _______ in the crowd.

A. disappear

B. to disappear

C. disappearing

D. disappeared

5. Professor Smith has his students _______ compositions every Friday.

A. to write

B. written

C. write

D. writing

6. The boys were seen _______ model ships in the room when someone rang the bell.

A. made

B. to make

C. making

D. to be making

7. I heard the guide _______ so.

A. says

B. saying

C. say

D. said

8. Mr. Brown was made _______ his teaching because of his poor health.

A. give up

B. giving up

C. to give up

D. to giving up

9. Shall we go and listen to the reviewers _______ on the new book?

A. to comment

B. comment

C. to commenting

D. being commented

10. Mrs. White made her pupils _______ the text every day.

A. recite

B. recited

C. reciting

D. to recite

11. The student asked the teacher _______.

A. to repeat the question again

B. repeating the question

C. to repeating the question

D. to repeat the question

12. The museum is said _______ in a big fire five years ago.

A. to be destroyed

B. to have been destroyed

C. to be destroying

D. to have been destroying

13. Jane wishes us _______ with her.

A. to go along

B. going along

C. went along

D. will go along

14. My motor-cycle has broken down. Would you help me _______?

A. to get it to start

B. get it start

C. to get it started

D. getting it started

15. The boss ordered the hall _______.

A. to sweep

B. to be swept

C. should sweep

D. being swept

答案速查 1-5 ADCAC 6—10 CCCBA 11—15 DBACB


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