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高中语法专练:iii. 动名词作介词宾语

所属教程:全新高中英语语法专练

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2020年06月28日

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iii. 动名词作介词宾语

1. 作单个介词或复合介词的宾语,常见的有:on, with, by, instead of, in case of, after, besides等。

They broke into loud cheers on hearing the news.

听了这个消息他们都高声欢呼。

Besides cooking and sewing , she had to take care of children.

除了做饭缝衣,她还得照管孩子们。

2. 在“动词+介词”后,常见的有:insist on, keep on, see to, take to, equal to, give up, persist in, aim at, believe in, care for, depend on, set about, succeed in, worry about, apologize for, advise on, feel like, get through, think of, dream of, lead to, object to等。

I object to anyone smoking here.

我反对任何人在这里抽烟。

I am looking forward to meeting her as soon as possible.

我正盼望着尽早见到她。

He insisted on doing it in his own way.

他坚持要按照自己的办法做。

3. 在“动词+名词/代词+介词”后,常见的有:accuse ... of, prevent ... of, thank ... for, devote ... to, forgive ... for, excuse ... of, keep ... from, stop ... from, pay attention to等。

Special attention should be paid to your driving on the highway safely.

要特别注意你在高速路上的安全驾驶。

Measures must be taken to prevent the river from being polluted.

必须采取措施制止河流的污染。

4. 在“be+形容词+介词”后,常见的有:be sick of, be fond of, be keen on, be responsible for, be capable of, be good at, be angry about, be happy with, be afraid of, be sure of, be certain of, be confident of, be sorry for等。

Is there any place you're particularly keen on visiting ?

有什么地方你特别想参观吗?

Who is responsible for organizing the competition?

谁负责组织这次竞赛呢?

5. 在“be/get+-ed形容词+介词”后,常见的有:get used to, be engaged in, be interested in, get accustomed to, be worried about, be pleased about, be surprised at, be astonished at, be annoyed at, be satisfied at, be ashamed of等。

Have you got accustomed (used) to working on the night shift?

你做夜班习惯了吗?

Are you interested in going to the show?

你有兴趣去看演出吗?

6. 在表示征询意见的how about, what about后。

We have worked for about 8 hours. How about having a rest ?

我们已经工作了8个小时了,休息会儿怎么样?

What about inviting Jack to make a speech?

邀请杰克发言如何?

专项练习

1. The discovery of new evidence led to _______.

A. the thief having caught

B. catch the thief

C. the thief being caught

D. the thief to be caught

2. He hasn't got used _______ in France yet.

A. live

B. to live

C. to living

D. living

3. He insisted on _______ abroad for his post-graduate study.

A. he should

B. he go

C. his going

D. him to go

4. The teacher began by _______ us where the city was and went on _______ about its history.

A. telling; to talk

B. to tell; to talk

C. telling; talking

D. to tell; talking

5. That evening, he set about _______ the report _______ the next morning.

A. write; to hand in

B. to write; handing in

C. written; to hand in

D. writing; to be handed in

6. Do you feel like _______ out or would you rather _______ dinner at home?

A. eating; have

B. to eat; to have

C. eating; to have

D. to eat; having

7. The secretary was very busy _______ his report. He was far too busy _______ phone calls.

A. to prepare; answering

B. in preparing; answering

C. to prepare; to answer

D. preparing; to answer

8. Jane never dreamed of _______ such a good job opportunity in the southern city.

A. there was

B. there to be

C. there be

D. there being

9. It's nice to walk along the country paths _______ with _______ grass.

A. covered; growing

B. covering; growing

C. covering; grown

D. to cover; grown

10. Though it began _______ , the soldiers kept on _______ towards the front.

A. raining; advancing

B. to rain; advancing

C. raining; with the advance

D. to rain; to advance

答案速查 1-5 CCCAD 6—10 ADDAB


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