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高中语法专练:iv. 不定式、动名词作介词宾语

所属教程:全新高中英语语法专练

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2020年07月18日

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iv. 不定式、动名词作介词宾语

1. 带疑问词的不定式可作介词的宾语。

They havent decided on when to leave for Beijing.

何时去北京,他们还未达成一致意见。

Whether we can succeed depends on how to solve the preblem.

我们是否能成功取决于如何解决这个问题。

2. 不定式只作五个介词的宾语:but, except, save, about, besides。

He seldom comes to see me except to borrow money from me.

除了向我借钱,他很少来看我。

The child did nothing except sleep . (句子中有do,不定式可省略to)

除了睡觉这孩子什么也没有做。

I hardly remember what I did besides read . (句子中有do,不定式可省略to)

除了读书我几乎不记得做了什么。

I was about to leave when the bell rang.

我正要离开就在这时电话铃响了。

3. 动名词可以作单个介词或复合介词的宾语:after, before, on, by, without, besides, since, in, instead of, how about, what about。

He burst into tears on hearing the news.

一听到消息他就突然哭了。

She left without saying goodbye to us.

她没有向我们道别就走了。

He went to the cinema last night instead of doing his homework.

昨夜他去看电影了,而不是做作业了。

Since returning from abroad, he has been very busy.

自从国外回来到现在,他一直很忙。

4. 动名词作以下动词短语的宾语:lead to, stick to, look forward to, be obliged to, prefer ... to, insist on, see to, devote ... to, get used to, object to, prevent ... from, keep ... from, stop ... from, spend ... in, feel like, depend on, thank for, be proud of, be fond of, be afraid of/be tired of/be sick of, succeed in, be good at, join in, congratulate on, excuse for, can't resist。

He devoted all his time to studying .

他把所有时间都放在了学习上。

Sleeping late in the morning often leads to being late for class.

早上睡到很晚经常导致上课迟到。

As long as you stick to practising , you could become a good singer.

只要你坚持练习,就能成为一个好歌手。

专项练习

1. Though it began _______ , they kept on _______ in the field.

A. raining; work

B. to rain; working

C. raining; with the work

D. to rain; to work

2. His parents insisted on _______ to college.

A. he should go

B. he go

C. his going

D. him to go

3. What a pity! One cannot help _______ sorry for the injured.

A. to feel

B. oneself to feel

C. feeling

D. oneself from feeling

4. He decided _______ piano because he was tired of it.

A. to give teaching up

B. giving up teaching

C. to give up teaching

D. to give in teaching

5. Nothing could _______ the boy from _______ the tall building.

A. prevent; risking climbing

B. prevent; risking to climb

C. stop; risk climbing

D. keep; risking climb

6. On Sundays I prefer _______ at home to _______ out.

A. to stay; go

B. staying; go

C. staying; going

D. to stay; going

7. How much time did you spend _______ the text.

A. copying

B. to copy

C. in copy

D. on copying

8. After cooking, Mother _______ making tea.

A. set out

B. set about

C. set off

D. start out

9. I _______ see you without _______ your mother.

A. never; thinking of

B. never; thinking about

C. not; think of

D. don't; think about

10. Though it sounds a bit too dear, it is worth _______.

A. being bought

B. buying

C. to buy

D. buying it

11. The novel is well _______.

A. worth to read

B. worth being read

C. worthy to read

D. worthy of being read

12. The farmers were busy _______ cotton.

A. to pick

B. picking

C. with picking

D. pluck

13. He devoted his life to _______ the atomic theory.

A. study

B. be studied

C. studying

D. have studied

14. We are both looking forward to _______ next week.

A. going on vacation

B. go on vacation

C. be going on vacation

D. have gone on vacation

15. Her parents objected to _______ that farmer, though he has a lot of money.

A. her marrying

B. marrying

C. marry

D. her marrying with

16. If you want to be a writer, I suggest that you should pay attention to _______ the works of Lu Xun.

A. read

B. reading

C. reader

D. be read

17. He is an experienced driver and he is used _______ in all kinds of weather.

A. to driving

B. to drive

C. for driving

D. to have driven

18. Because of the heavy rain, they had to put off _______ the sports meet.

A. taking place

B. to take place

C. holding

D. to hold

19. On _______ the news, she turned pale.

A. heard

B. hearing

C. having heard

D. her hearing

20. —Did you get in touch with them later?

—Yes, I finally succeeded _______ them by phone.

A. to reach

B. to reaching

C. reaching

D. in reaching

21. I didn't feel _______ going out for a walk.

A. so

B. as

C. rather

D. like

22. You should work tonight instead of _______ TV.

A. to watch

B. you watching

C. you watch

D. watching

23. Besides _______ , she is kind and tender.

A. beautiful

B. being beautiful

C. she beautiful

D. is beautiful

24. What about _______ to the concert with us?

A. we go

B. we going

C. going

D. to go

25. Hadn't we better _______ a rest before going on?

A. have

B. than

C. to have

D. to take

26. You'd better _______ her the sad news now.

A. not to tell

B. won't tell

C. not tell

D. don't tell

27. I'd rather lose the game _______.

A. not to hurt him

B. not hurt him

C. than to hurt him

D. than hurt him

28. Alice says _______ tonight, because there will be an exam tomorrow morning.

A. she'd rather not go

B. she'd not rather go

C. she'll rather not go

D. she won't rather go

29. Tom did nothing but _______ back what he had said.

A. taken

B. took

C. taking

D. take

30. There seemed nothing else to do but _______ a doctor.

A. to send for

B. send for

C. call for

D. to call in

31. —I usually go there by train.

—Why not _______ by boat for a change?

A. to try going

B. trying to go

C. to try and go

D. try going

32. Please _______ me at the station on time.

A. to meet

B. meeting

C. meet

D. you meet

33. Have I any choice but _______ as you tell me?

A. to do

B. do

C. doing

D. I'll do

34. I can't but _______ to hear such a story.

A. to laugh

B. laugh

C. laughing

D. to laughing

35. —Would you like to go with us for a picnic tomorrow?

—Yes, _______.

A. I would like

B. I'd like to go

C. I'd love

D. I'd like to

答案速查 1-5 BCCCA 6—10 CABAB 11—15 DBCAA 16—20 BACBD 21—25 DDBCA26—30 CDADB 31—35 DCABD


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