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高中语法专练:i. 强调谓语或者其他成分

所属教程:全新高中英语语法专练

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2020年07月24日

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i. 强调谓语或者其他成分

1. 强调谓语动词一般在原形谓语动词前加do/does/did。时态是一般现在时,在动词原形前加do/does,时态是一般过去时,在原形谓语动词前加did。

He admitted that he did make many mistakes in the war.

他承认确实在战争中犯了很多错误。

We do like our beautiful hometown.

我们确实喜欢我们美丽的家乡。

Do be careful when you cross the street.

过马路时,务必(千万)要小心啊!

2. 强调句子其他成分用强调句型:It + be +被强调成分+关系代词who/that +句子的其他成分。

Mr. Turnbull gave George this ticket on Saturday.

特布尔先生星期六给了乔治这张票。

It was this ticket that Mr. Turnbull gave George on Saturday.

特布尔先生星期六给乔治的就是这张票。

It was on Saturday that Mr. Turnbull gave George this ticket.

特布尔先生是在星期六给乔治这张票的。

注意:

1)当被强调的成分是人时,关系代词可以用who/that,强调其他成分时(除谓语动词外)一律用that。

It was George who/that Mr. Turnbull gave this ticket on Saturday.

特布尔先生在星期六把这张票给的是乔治。

It was in New York that she met your brother yesterday.

昨天是在纽约她见到了你哥哥。

2)在强调句中,be动词通常只有两种形式:一般现在时is, 一般过去时was,但是不能排斥带有情态动词的形式。

It was at this shop that I bought the watch.

我就是在这个商店买的这块手表。

It is the ability to do the job that matters not where you come from or what you are.

工作的能力与你来自哪里和你是什么人关系不大。

It may be my book that he is reading.

他正在读的或许就是我的书。

It must have been the manager that spoke to you.

与你谈过话的一定是经理。

专项练习

1. It was between 1830 and 1835 _______ the modern newspaper was born.

A. that

B. how

C. which

D. when

2. Was it _______ who telephoned yesterday?

A. him

B. his

C. he

D. himself

3. It was twenty years ago _______ he joined the party.

A. then

B. when

C. since

D. that

4. We were told that it was in that room _______ the Republicans held the important meeting.

A. where

B. and

C. that

D. which

5. It was not until he entered the classroom _______ he realized that he had forgotten to do the homework.

A. before

B. when

C. where

D. that

6. It is the uses to which television is put _______ determine its value to society.

A. they

B. those

C. that

D. who

7. It was the training that he had as a young man _______ made him such a good engineer.

A. that

B. has

C. what

D. who

8. It was not for their personal interest _______ they did that.

A. when

B. so

C. as

D. that

9. _______ the Christmas shopping season begins.

A. That is after Thanksgiving

B. After Thanksgiving it is

C. It is after Thanksgiving that

D. It is Thanksgiving that

答案速查 1-5 ACDCD 6—9 CADC


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