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高中语法专练:ii. 名词作主语

所属教程:全新高中英语语法专练

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2020年09月14日

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ii. 名词作主语

1. 形式是单数,意义是复数的名词做主语时,谓语动词用复数。如:people, cattle, poultry, police, youth等。

The police are searching for the robber.

警察们正在搜寻那个抢劫犯。

2. 单复同形的集体名词作主语,如:group, class, team, family, nation, population, public, party, crew, company, union, staff, couple, committee, crowd, firm, orchestra等,根据意义一致原则决定谓语的数。

My family is a large one .

我的家庭是个大家庭。

The Chinese people are a great people.

中国人民是个伟大的民族。

My class are all fond of singing.

我班都喜欢唱歌。

3. Chinese, French, mathematics, statistics, electronics, economics, politics, linguistics, optics等表示语言或学科的单词作主语时,谓语动词用作单数。

Chinese is a difficult language.

汉语是一种难学语言。

注意: Chinese, Japanese, French, English表示某国人时,根据意义一致原则决定谓语的数。

The French are famous for their good wines.

法国人以他们的好葡萄酒而出名。

A Japanese has just come for help.

一个日本人刚才来求救。

4. works(工厂),means(方法),series(系列),deer(鹿),sheep(绵羊)根据所暗示的数来决定谓语的数。

Such means are unsuitable.

这样的方法不合适。(means与all, such, these, those等词连用,则意义为复数。)

A means to solve the problem is found.

一个解决这个问题的方法已经找到了。(means与a, such a, this, that, every等词连用,则意义为单数。)

There is an iron and steel works in my hometown.

我的家乡有一家钢铁厂。

5. 以-s结尾的表示由成对部分组成的物体的名词作主语时,谓语动词用复数。如trousers, glasses, scissors, pants等。如果这些词由a pair of, a couple of连用,动词的数与pair, couple的数保持一致。

Your glasses are broken.

你的眼镜破了。

One pair of trousers isn't enough.

一条裤子是不够的。

Three couples of books are on the desk.

有6本书在课桌上。

6. clothes, goods, wages, stairs , taxes, earnings, belongings, savings, leavings作复数用,其后面的谓语动词要用复数。

Goods are sold out.

货物已被卖出。

His wages are more than 600 yuan a month.

他的工资是每月六百元。

My earnings this year are not half of yours.

我今年的收入不到你的一半。

7. news, music, equipment, luggage, information, furniture, advice, progress等不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

The equipment has been fixed.

设备已经修理好。

专项练习

1. The news _______ a great blow to her when she heard it.

A. is

B. are

C. were

D. was

2. The crew _______ standing in different parts of the ship at that moment.

A. is

B. are

C. were

D. was

3. Mathematics _______ a very important subject.

A. was

B. is

C. are

D. were

4. The government _______ hoping to make their findings known soon.

A. is

B. has been

C. are

D. be

5. The committee _______ among themselves for four years.

A. has been arguing

B. has been argued

C. have been arguing

D. have been argued

6. The auxiliary police _______ to report for duty at the headquarters.

A. are required

B. required

C. is required

D. will required

7. Politics _______ one of the subjects that _______ taught in the middle school.

A. are; are

B. is; are

C. shall; is

D. were; are

答案速查 1-5 DCBCC 6—7 AB


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