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LECTURE 18 基本动词 DO 1

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2020年05月23日

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LECTURE 18 基本动词 DO 1

词组讲解

1. do a double-take **因惊讶而再次细看,发愣之后恍然大悟

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:做[重新看;过后恍然大悟(double-take)]

例 He Yun wasn't expecting her father to be home from overseas until next month. When she entered the room and saw him sitting there reading the newspaper, she did a double-take and then screamed out in joy, “Father!It really is you!”

2. do an about face on sth. / do an about face / do a flip-flop on sth. / do a flip-flop **彻底改变,180度大转弯

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:对某物做出[意见或态度的骤变或转换(about face, flip-flop)]

例 The government quickly did an about face on their policy toward Haitians seeking refuge in America when it became clear the number was overwhelming.

3. do a job on sb. or sth. **严重破坏,弄乱

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:给某人或某物带来[损坏、摧毁(job)]

例 FBI agents have charged computer hacker Thomas Holsten with willfully damaging government property after he illegally entered a Pentagon computer system and, in the words of one Pentagon official, “did a job on our personnel files. ”

4. do a land office business **生意兴隆

解 习语;词义溯源:做[兴隆的生意(land office business)]

例 Since its introduction, this new beer has done a land office business by appealing to the new health-conscious drinkers. However, its advertisements have come under attack from another large brewery, for what they claim is false advertisement.

5. do a number on sb. or sth. *(耍手段或通过策略) 使受伤;弄坏

解 俚语;词义溯源:给某人或某物[心计(number)]

例 You'd better use some kind of repellent in your closet. The moths are pretty bad here and they'll do a number on your clothing. They especially like to eat holes in wool.

巩固练习

(A) do a double-take

(B) do an about face

(C) did a job on

(D) do a land office business

(E) did a number on

1. A: Alice, I heard some animal ______ your garden. How is it? B: Pretty bad. The damned thing damaged my tomatoes beyond repair and dug a big hole right under my corn, which probably killed the corn's roots.

2. A: I think a hot-dog stall on this beach would ______. B: Sure, in the summers it would do very heavy business, but in the winters it wouldn't be busy at all.

3. A: Have you seen Jin Su's car? The typhoon damaged it pretty bad. B: Yeah, it really ______ it. The storm tore up her house too.

4. A: We want a magazine advertisement that makes people ______. Something like...B: Something like this? It looks like the woman is not wearing any clothes, but of course she is. She's wearing a bathing suit that has a woman's body painted on it. People never fail to look again to verify what they think they saw. It's a great attention-getter.

5. A: What made them reverse their policy so suddenly? Just two weeks ago the chairman of the company sent an email to all employees saying no employee would be allowed to buy stock in the company. Now I see a notice on the bulletin board saying all employees can! B: Who knows? They ______ so often here that I find it's best not to ask why. Every time they do a flip-flop, I just react accordingly. It's not my job to ask why!

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (D)

3. (E)

4. (A)

5. (B)

参考译文

I. 1. 何芸以为她爸爸要下个月才能从国外回来,所以当她走进房间发现他正坐在那里看报纸时,她愣了一下,回过神来,高兴地大声喊道:“爸爸!真的是你!”

2. 当人数开始猛增至不可控的时候,政府迅速彻底改变了他们对在美国寻求避难的海地人的政策。

3. 美国联邦调查局的特工控告计算机黑客托马斯·霍尔斯滕在非法侵入五角大楼计算机系统后,蓄意破坏政府财产,按照五角大楼一位官员的说法,“毁了我们的人事档案”。

4. 由于迎合了新一代注重健康的饮酒者的要求,这种新啤酒自推出以来便很畅销。但是,其广告却受到了另外一家大型啤酒厂的攻击,称广告是虚假的。

5. 你最好在衣橱里喷一些驱虫剂。这里的蛀虫很厉害,会弄坏你的衣服。它们尤其喜欢在毛料衣物上咬洞。

II. 1. A:爱丽丝,我听说有什么动物在你的花园里搞破坏。情况怎么样?B:非常糟糕。那个该死的东西彻底毁了我的西红柿,并且在我的玉米株下面挖了一个大洞,可能把玉米的根都毁了。

2. A:我想在海滩上摆个热狗摊生意应该很好。B:当然。夏天那里的生意肯定很火,不过冬天就不会那么忙了。

3. A:你见到金素的汽车了吗?它被台风严重损坏。B:是的,真是毁得很严重。台风还把她家的房子给吹倒了。

4. A:我们希望杂志上的广告有让人们再看一眼的效果。就像…… B:就像这个?这位女士看起来像没穿衣服,其实她穿了。她穿了一件泳衣,上面印着女人的身体。看到这个,人们都会再看一下,证实一下他们所看到的。这就是一个吸引人看的广告。

5. A:是什么让他们突然改变了政策?两周前公司董事长给全体员工发邮件,表示不允许任何员工购买公司的股票。但现在我看到告示牌上的一份通知上写着所有员工都可以购买!B:谁知道呢?他们经常会来个180度大转弯,我想最好不要问为什么。每次他们态度“大转变”的时候,我都会照着做。问为什么不是我的事!


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