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LECTURE 19 基本动词 DO 2

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2020年05月24日

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LECTURE 19 基本动词 DO 2

词组讲解

1. do away with sb. or sth. ***杀掉,除掉;废除,停止,取消

解 短语动词;词义溯源:做[除掉(away)]某人或某物的行为

例 The city ought to do away with some of these old laws that nobody follows and the police don't even enforce anymore. They're just adding pages to the law books.

2. do by sb. ***对待某人

解 〈口〉短语动词;词义溯源:[用某种方式(by)]对待某人;通常可以在do和by之间加入well,badly,all right,hard等词

例 Take your car to Bob's Auto Repair. He'll do right by you.

3. do credit to sb. / do sb. credit **为…增光

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[名望、荣誉(credit)];参照do sb. proud

例 Gershwin's presence at the recital did credit to the new academy, which some say may be the Julliard of the future. He was invited by the first violinist of the Boston Pops, who graduated from the academy in 1989.

4. do justice to sb. or sth. / do sb. or sth. justice **公平对待;对(事物)作充分了解;尽情享用(大量食物)

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某事物[公平、公正(justice)]

例 Give my violin to James after I die. He's the only one who could do it justice. James has the same feeling for the violin that I had. He plays it like it's a living extension of his heart—just like I used to.

5. do one's own thing / do one's thing **做自己喜欢的事,想干什么就干什么

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:做[自己独有(one's own)]的[事情(thing)]

例 The generation gap between my parents and I was just too much and there were too many restrictions at home, so I moved out and came to Beijing where I could do my own thing.

巩固练习

(A) do away with

(B) do...by

(C) does credit to

(D) do...justice

(E) doing your own thing

1. A: I hope you realize that when you join a corporation you're no longer free to do whatever you wish or feel like doing. B: What are you trying to tell me—that I'm not the corporate type? A: Tom, you've got a great mind and I think you'll do well in anything, but you've always liked ______. You'll have to change.

2. A: You promised to marry my sister and I intend to see you ______ right ______ her! B: But I don't love her and I don't want to marry her anymore! If we got married, I'd hate her all my life—is that treating her properly?

3. A: I want to get rid of all files dated before fiscal year 2011. If we dispose of them, we'll have plenty of room for an extra desk. B: Before we ______ them, I suggest we ask our legal advisor how long we are legally bound to keep files.

4. A: To have one of your students become a well-known and respected member of the community adds a lot to the reputation of a school. B: Yes, a successful graduate certainly ______ his alma mater, but don't forget his professors—it makes them look good too.

5. A: I'm afraid your son is just too intelligent for our school, Mrs. Wu. He's a genius, but unfortunately we don't have the teachers, expertise or facilities to teach him the way he deserves. B: Is there any school in this city that can ______ him ______? A: Yes, several come to mind .

■ ANSWER

1. (E)

2. (B)

3. (A)

4. (C)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 市里应该废除这些旧法律。已经没有人遵守它们了,甚至连警察都不再执行了。它们只是为法律文书增添几页纸而已。

2. 把你的车送到鲍勃的汽车修理厂吧。他会好好为你服务的。

3. 格什温出席独奏会,为这所新学校增光不少。有人认为,它将来或许会成为像茱莉亚音乐学院一样的学校。格什温受波士顿通俗管弦乐队首席小提琴手的邀请出席。这位小提琴手1989年从该学校毕业。

4. 我死之后,把我的小提琴送给詹姆斯。只有送给他才是物尽其用。詹姆斯和我对这把小提琴有着同样的感情。他拉这把小提琴时,就好像它是他内心生命的延伸——就像我从前那样。

5. 我父母跟我之间的代沟太深了,我在家里受到的限制太多,所以就搬出来,到了北京,因为在这里我可以做自己喜欢的事情。

II. 1. A:我希望你能够意识到,进入公司工作之后,你就不能想干什么就干什么了。B:你想跟我说什么——我不是适合在公司工作的那种人吗?A:汤姆,你头脑灵活,我相信你可以胜任任何事情。但是你总是想干什么就干什么。你必须有所改变。

2. A:你承诺过要娶我妹妹的。我希望你好好对待她。B:但是我不爱她了,我不想跟她结婚了!如果我们结婚的话,我会恨她一辈子的——这算是好好对她吗?

3. A:我想扔掉2011财年以前的旧文件。如果把它们处理掉,我们就有足够的空间再摆一张桌子。B:在处理之前,建议先咨询一下我们的法律顾问,看看法律规定应该保留这些文件多久。

4. A:如果你们的学生中有人在社区中是出名的、受人尊敬的话,将给学校带来不小的声誉。B:是的,一个成功的毕业生当然会为他的母校增光,但是别忘了他的老师们——这也会给他们增光添彩。

5. A:恐怕您的儿子太聪明了,不适合我们学校,吴夫人。他是个天才,可惜我们没有老师、专家或者设施能够按照他应得的方式教他。B:本市有没有哪所学校能够让他学得其所?A:当然,我想到了几所学校。


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