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LECTURE 26 基本动词 GET 5

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2020年05月25日

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LECTURE 26 基本动词 GET 5

词组讲解

1. get a slap on the wrist **受到轻判

解 习语;词义溯源:手腕遭受[掌击(slap)];a slap on the wrist表示温和的惩戒;参照give sb. a slap on the wrist

例 If you defy my order, you'll get a punishment you'll never forget!Do you understand me? You won't get just a slap on the wrist like you have before. No, it will be severe and you'll wish you hadn't disobeyed. Got it?

2. get 〔have〕 a swelled head **过度骄傲,自负

解 习语;词义溯源:拥有[过度骄傲、自负(swelled head)];参照give sb. a swelled head

例 Don't give him any praise, please. He'll just get a swelled head and I can't stand when he's like that. So congratulate him, but no more, please.

3. get 〔have〕 a tongue-lashing **受到斥责

解 习语;词义溯源:遭受[斥责(tongue-lashing)];参照give sb. a tongue-lashing

例 Isat in my office on the second floor listening to the owner of the shop below me getting a tongue-lashing from an irate customer who felt he had been ripped off. It went on for about fifteen minutes.

4. get a word in edgewise 〔edgeways〕 **插话

解 习语;词义溯源:在[别人说话间隙(edgewise,edgeways)]抓住一个词

例 The owner kept trying to talk back to the customer, but his yelling and screaming were overpowering and the poor owner couldn't get a word in edgewise. I felt sorry for her.

5. get about 〔around〕 ***到处走走,四处走动

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[到处、四处(about,around)]走

例 Oh, sorry I haven't come to see you. With my leg in a cast, I haven't been getting around much these days. It's rather difficult for me to get around on crutches, and I can't drive until the cast is removed.

巩固练习

(A) got a slap on the wrist

(B) get a swelled head

(C) get a tongue-lashing

(D) get a word in edgewise

(E) getting around

1. A: Wow!Did you see Mr. Chuck scolding the delivery men this morning? B: Oh, that's nothing new. They ______ from him every time they deliver even a minute late. If he didn't, they'd start arriving hours late.

2. A: The two of them got into a heated debate and I couldn't find an opportunity to express my opinion on the project. B: If you can't ______, it's best to just write out your opinions on paper and leave. Try that the next time.

3. A: How are you ______ these days since you wrecked your car? B: I've been going places by bus. I've discovered you can travel everywhere in this city by bus just as easily as driving.

4. A: Thirty days in jail? Ha!He ______! B: I admit, his crime was much greater than his punishment, but the law only allows a maximum jail term of thirty days. A: Criminals who receive such light punishment have no reason to reform.

5. A: Son, a man who knows himself, his good points and his weaknesses, and is comfortable with them doesn't let compliments or recognition convince him he is greater or better than he really is. B: I know what you're going to say, Father. Don't worry, I won't ______ just because the President is going to visit me.

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (D)

3. (E)

4. (A)

5. (B)

参考译文

I. 1. 如果你敢违背我的命令,你所受的惩罚将让你终生难忘!明白我的意思吗?那可不会像以前那样小罚一下就行了。你将受到严厉的惩罚,你会后悔违背我的命令的。明白吗?

2. 请不要表扬他。他会太骄傲的,我受不了他那样。所以,祝贺他就行,其他就不用了。

3. 我坐在二楼的办公室里,听见楼下商店的老板被一位认为自己被骗的顾客怒斥。这事大约持续了15分钟。

4. 店主试图反驳那位顾客,但是他气势汹汹地大声叫喊着,店主根本就没有插话的机会。我对她表示同情。

5. 哦,抱歉没能来看你。我腿上打着石膏,最近这些天都没怎么走动。我拄着拐杖四处走动太难了,而且在拆掉石膏之前,我还不能开车。

II. 1. A:哇!你看到今天上午查克先生训斥那个快递员了吗?B:哦,没什么新鲜的。每次他们来送货的时候,只要晚一分钟就会挨骂。要不然,他们就会来得更晚。

2. A:他们两人展开了激烈的争论,我都没有机会表达对这个项目的看法。B:如果插不上话,那你最好把你的想法写在纸上,然后离开。下一次试试看。

3. A:你的车撞毁以后你都怎么出门的?B:我去哪儿都乘坐公共汽车。我发现乘坐公共汽车就跟开车一样方便,你可以到这个城市的任何地方。

4. A:30天监禁?呵!这惩罚对他来说太轻了。B:是的,我承认。他的罪行比他受到的惩罚严重得多,但是法律规定最长监禁期限为30天。A:受到这么轻处罚的罪犯是不可能改过自新的。

5. A:孩子,一个了解自己,知道自己的优缺点,并能坦然接受的人,绝不会因为听到几句恭维话或者被认可就把自己看得更伟大或更优秀。B:我知道您要说什么,爸爸。别担心,我不会因为总统要来接见我就骄傲自大的。


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