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LECTURE 31 基本动词 GET 10

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2020年05月26日

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LECTURE 31 基本动词 GET 10

词组讲解

1. get down to business 〔work〕 **开始做正事;进入严肃话题

解 习语;词义溯源:[下降(down)]到达[正事、工作(business,work)]

例 Don't bother to bring your proposals with you tomorrow. Mr. Chen wants everybody to take a tour of the new factory first. Then we'll get down to business on the second day. Okay?

2. get down to cases **开始谈正事,着手干正事

解 习语;词义溯源:[下降(down)]到达[问题,事件(cases)]

例 Once the engineers have re-drafted the building's plans, we can get down to cases on such things as what style of bricks you want, the color of the floors, the type of furniture, etc.

3. get down to the nitty-gritty *认真考虑细节

解 俚语;词义溯源:[下降(down)]到达[问题的核心、本质(nitty-gritty)]

例 Ithink it was about 11:00 PM that we actually got down to the nitty-gritty. We worked through the night and had our costumes ready for the parade by 12:00 the next day.

4. get 〔have〕 goose bumps 〔pimples〕 **起鸡皮疙瘩,毛骨悚然

解 习语;词义溯源:得到[(因寒冷、恐惧、兴奋等) 起鸡皮疙瘩(goose bumps,goose pimples)]的状态

例 You're silly, Debby. You actually get goose bumps when you talk to Mr. Hartz? I admit he's cute, but don't you think you're reacting like a high school girl?

5. get gray hair 〔hairs〕 **变得非常紧张、焦虑;因担心而变得苍老

解 习语;词义溯源:有着[花白的(gray)][头发(hair)];参照give sb. gray hair〔hairs〕

例 You think taking care of children is easy? Why don't you try it? You'll see just how demanding and exhausting it is. You'll be getting gray hairs in less than a week.

巩固练习

(A) get down to business

(B) get down to cases

(C) get down to the nitty-gritty

(D) get goose bumps

(E) get gray hair

1. A: Do you ______ when the teacher accidently scratches the board with the chalk? B: You mean those little bumps on your skin that you get when the temperature is cool? No, it has no effect on me.

2. A: Are you sure you want to be a stock broker? It'll cause you a lot of stress and frustration. B: I know I'll ______, but the money makes it worth the trouble!

3. A: For three hours you all sat around drinking beer and exchanging stories about girls? Did you ever ______? B: No, that's not the way in their culture. You never begin to talk about the purpose of your meeting until the second day.

4. A: There's no time to waste. I think everybody knows all the general information, so as soon as the meeting starts, I want to start talking about the specifics. Any objections? B: None. We'll skip the preliminary stuff and ______ right away.

5. A: Once you have all the ingredients ready, it's time to start the actual work of making a cake. Shall we start? B: Okay. Well, wait a minute. Before we ______ of making this cake, let's remind our television audience about safety in the kitchen. If your children are...

■ ANSWER

1. (D)

2. (E)

3. (A)

4. (B)

5. (C)

参考译文

I. 1. 你不用明天交意见书。陈先生想让大家先参观一下新工厂,第二天再开始办正事。好吗?

2. 工程师们重新起草这栋建筑的方案后,我们就可以开始讨论实质性问题了,比如你想用哪种类型的砖、地板用哪种颜色、家具要什么样式等等。

3. 我想我们是在晚上11点的时候才开始真正认真考虑细节的。我们连夜加班,赶在第二天12点前,把游行用的服装准备好了。

4. 你太傻了,黛比。与哈茨先生交谈的时候,你都会起鸡皮疙瘩吗?我承认他很可爱,但是你不觉得你的反应就像个女高中生吗?

5. 你以为照看孩子那么简单吗?你为什么不自己试试?你会知道这要求有多高,多费劲。你不到一周便会忧心忡忡。

II. 1. A:老师的粉笔偶尔刮黑板的时候,你会不会起鸡皮疙瘩?B:你是说天冷的时候,皮肤上长出的那种小疙瘩吗?不,它对我没有任何影响。

2. A:你确定你想做股票经纪人吗?这会给你带来许多压力和挫折。B:我知道我会紧张焦虑,但是只要有钱,这些麻烦都值了!

3. A:你们就只坐在一起喝了三个小时啤酒,相互吹嘘跟女孩子一起的故事吗?你们有没有谈正事?B:没有,那不是他们的文化背景下的做事方式。大家只有到第二天才正式开始谈论会面的目的。

4. A:不能浪费时间了。我想所有人都了解了大致信息,所以会议一开始,我们就谈论细节。有没有不同意见?B:没有,我们将略过开始部分,直接讨论实质问题。

5. A:所有原料都准备好之后,就可以开始着手做蛋糕了。我们可以开始了吗?B:好。哦,等一下。在我们了解做蛋糕的细节之前,我们要提醒电视机前的观众有关厨房的安全问题。如果您的孩子……


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