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LECTURE 35 基本动词 GET 14

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2020年05月27日

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LECTURE 35 基本动词 GET 14

词组讲解

1. get off on the wrong foot 〔to a bad start〕 **扣错第一颗纽扣;出师不利

解 习语;词义溯源:[在恶劣环境下(on the wrong foot)] [off(向前)]走去;参照be off on the wrong foot, be off to a bad start

例 We got off on the wrong foot when Wu Jin kicked the ball into the visiting team's net in the second minute of the game. After that, the whole game was nothing but a series of mistakes.

2. Get off one's case 〔back, tail〕! *一个人待着!不要烦人!

解 俚语;词义溯源:从某人的[问题(case)或后背(back)或尾巴(tail)][脱离(off)]而走;一般用于祈使句

例 Walter, could I speak with you? I think you'd better get off Hornsby's back—at least for a while. He's not mentally stable. Too much pressure and there's no telling what he might do.

3. get on one's nerves **使…发脾气,影响…的情绪

解 习语;词义溯源:[针对(on)]某人的[神经(nerves)]而去

例 The sound of that generator they're using across the street is getting on my nerves. Isn't there some kind of noise pollution law against construction companies using old, noisy equipment like that?

4. get on sb. or sth. ***责骂,斥责

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[针对(on)]某人或某物而去;参照get on

例 Ithink it's your turn to get after the children for making too much noise outside. I got on them about it less than ten minutes ago and it doesn't seem to have had much effect.

5. get 〔jump〕 on the 〔one's〕 bandwagon **跟从得势派,站到优势方一边;紧跟时尚潮流

解 习语;词义溯源:[乘坐、跟着(on)][乐队车、(在选举、运动、竞争中)获得优势的一方(bandwagon)]而去

例 It seems like everybody is trying to get on Harry Mardis' bandwagon these days. Highly popular among the conservative young generation, Mardis is probably the youngest politician to find himself in such an enviable position.

巩固练习

(A) get off on the wrong foot

(B) get off my case

(C) get on my nerves

(D) get on

(E) get on the bandwagon

1. A: Do you have to keep walking back and forth, Jim? It's really starting to ______. It's quite irritating. B: Sorry, I was just trying to think. I didn't know it was bothering you.

2. A: Sir, it would be better for your election if you just joined the popular opinion on abortion and stop trying to change everything. B: No!I will remain true to myself and my beliefs. I'm not going to ______ just to get votes. I want people to vote for the real me.

3. A: You start your new job tomorrow, don't you? B: Yeah, I'm worried I'm going to make some stupid mistakes and ______ with all my new colleagues. A: Yes, you definitely don't want to start with anything negative. Just be quiet and observant and you'll avoid doing or saying anything bad at the start.

4. A: You are the laziest, most inefficient, wasteful worker we've ever had here. You come in late, you take big breaks for...B: Oh, ______! C: Yeah, Boss. Stop criticizing Thompson so much. Stop talking to him so harshly. We like him—he's a good guy.

5. A: The janitors haven't been emptying our wastebaskets. Could you let them know you're upset with their performance? B: Yeah, I'll ______ them when I meet their boss this afternoon. I've got a few other things to scold them about too.

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (E)

3. (A)

4. (B)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 我们出师不利。比赛开始两分钟的时候,吴晋就把球踢进了客队球门。之后,整场比赛失误不断。

2. 沃尔特,我能跟你谈谈吗?我想你最好不要烦霍恩斯比了——至少暂时不要。他的精神很不稳定。压力太大的话,不知道他会怎么样。

3. 街对面他们用的那个发电机的声音搅得我心烦。有没有什么噪音污染法规,专门针对那些使用这种噪音大的旧设备的建筑公司?

4. 外面那些孩子太吵了,我想该轮到你去训训他们了。我不到十分钟之前才训了他们一顿,但是好像没什么用。

5. 最近好像所有人都在支持哈里·马蒂斯。马蒂斯很受保守的年轻人的喜爱,他可能是这个令人羡慕的位置上最年轻的政治家。

II. 1. A:你非得这么来来回回地走吗,吉姆?你真是搅得我心烦。太讨厌了。B:对不起,我正在思考问题。我不知道这让你心烦。

2. A:先生,如果你支持公众关于流产的观点,不试图做任何改变的话,这会对你的竞选有好处。B:不!我会始终坚持自己的信念,我不会为了获得选票而去赶潮流。我希望人们为真正的我投票。

3. A:你明天就要开始新工作了,是吗?B:是的,我怕我会犯低级错误,或者一开始就跟新同事相处不顺利。A:是啊,你当然不想一开始就不顺利。只要安静点,注意观察,你就能避免一开始就做错事或说错话了。

4. A:你是我们公司有史以来最懒惰、最没有效率、最铺张浪费的员工。你上班迟到,你旷工去…… B:哦,别说了! C:是啊,老板。别那么批评汤普森了,别那么严厉地说他。我们都喜欢他——他是个好人。

5. A:清洁工还没有倒垃圾。你能否让他们知道你对他们的表现非常生气?B:好的,今天下午我见他们老板的时候会说说他们的。我还有其他事情要批评他们。


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