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LECTURE 62 基本动词 GIVE 9

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2020年06月01日

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LECTURE 62 基本动词 GIVE 9

词组讲解

1. give way to sb. or sth. / give way ** 屈服,让步;倒塌

解 习语;词义溯源:把[路(way)]让给某人或某事物

例 Flood walls built by the residents of Hopkinsville in a last ditch effort to maintain the raging river, gave way at 4:23 AM as the Chatahoochi reach 19. 2 meters. All 14,896 residents were forced to evacuate.

2. give sb. a break ** 再给某人一次机会;饶了某人

解 习语;词义溯源:给某人带来[机会(break)];参照get a break;Give me a break!用于被折磨或不能同意对方说的内容时,表示“饶了我吧!让我喘口气!”

例 You talked to the President last night?!Ha Ha Ha!Give me a break, Paul. You don't think I'm that stupid, do you?!I suppose next you're going to tell me the Pope called you from Rome last night too!

3. give sb. a dirty look ** 狠狠地瞪了一眼或给人脸色看

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[难看的或凶巴巴的脸(dirty look)];参照get a dirty look

例 Do you ever watch those American TV wrestling shows? You know, where those big men toss each other all over the boxing ring? What I like most is the dirty looks they give each other before the match starts.

4. give sb. a free hand with sth. / give sb. a free hand ** 让某人全权处理,使某人自行处理

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[有关(with)]某事物的[自由裁决权、行动的自由(free hand)]

例 If we were to give you a completely free hand in running the company, would you reconsider our offer? We'd really like to have you as our CEO—we have complete confidence in you. So the board members and I are prepared to make this offer to you. What do you say?

5. give sb. a hand for sth. / give sb. a hand ** 因某事为某人喝彩

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人有关某事物的[掌声(hand)];参照get a hand for

例 Let's all give Michael a hand for his honesty. He could have kept the money he found and nobody would have known, but instead he did the right thing and reported it to the police.

巩固练习

(A) give way

(B) gave...a break

(C) giving...a dirty look

(D) give...a free hand

(E) give...a hand for

1. A: Hey, what's that lady's problem? She keeps looking at us with disapproval. B: I don't know, but if she keeps ______ us ______, I'm going to go over there and ask what her problem is.

2. A: The university gave me to understand that they would ______ us ______ in this decision. Now the administration is telling us we have to follow certain guidelines. B: I know what you mean, but I also have to agree with the administration. If they were to let us have absolute freedom in making the decisions, we might come up with something incompatible with their goals.

3. A: The President ought to ______ Mr. Perot ______ his anti-corruption campaign, rather than talking bad about it as he's been doing. B: What makes you think he ought to applaud Mr. Perot? He's done nothing to deserve a show of approval. His campaign is purely political.

4. A: They've tried, but she just won't yield to their pressure. B: They haven't tried the right way. The most valuable thing to her is her family. Threaten to harm her family and she'll ______.

5. A: You know, Mr. Lee could have fired you for what you did. You ought to appreciate the fact that he had mercy on you and didn't do it. B: I do appreciate it. He ______ me ______ and I'm really thankful.

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (D)

3. (E)

4. (A)

5. (B)

参考译文

I. 1. 为控制湍急的河流而建的防洪墙是霍普金斯维尔居民最后的努力。凌晨4点23分,恰塔呼齐河水位达到19. 2米,防洪墙倒塌,14896名居民被迫撤离。

2. 你昨晚跟总统谈话了?哈哈哈!得了吧,保罗。你不会以为我有那么傻吧?!我想下一次你肯定要告诉我教皇前晚从罗马打电话给你了!

3. 你看过美国的摔跤电视节目吗?你知道吧,就是那些大块头在拳击场上到处抛扔对方?我最喜欢他们比赛前互瞪对方的怪相。

4. 如果我们让你全权管理公司,你会不会重新考虑我们的提议?我们真的希望你能担任我们的首席执行官——我们对你绝对有信心。所以,董事会成员和我准备向你提出这个提议。你觉得怎么样?

5. 请大家为迈克尔的诚实鼓掌。他本可以自己拿着那些拾到的钱,没有人会知道。但是,他做了正确的决定,报了警。

II. 1. A:嘿,那位女士怎么了?她一直狠狠地看着我们。B:我不知道,但是如果她继续瞪着我们,我就过去问问她到底有什么事。

2. A:我原以为我们在大学里能自己做决定。现在,行政部门却告诉我们必须遵守特定的规章制度。B:我明白你的意思,但我也支持行政部门。如果我们有绝对的自由做决定的话,可能会做出一些与他们的目标相悖的事情。

3. A:总统应该支持佩罗先生的反腐败活动,而不是贬低。B:你为什么觉得他应该支持佩罗?佩罗没做过任何值得认可的事情。他的活动纯粹是出于政治目的。

4. A:他们已经试过了,但她不会向他们的压力屈服。B:他们的方法不对。对她最有价值的是她的家人。威胁说要伤害她的家人,她就会让步。

5. A:你知道,对于你的所作所为,李先生本可以开除你。你应该感谢他可怜你,没有那么做。B:我很感激。他饶了我一次,我的确非常感激。


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