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> 英语词汇 > 英语词组全书 >  第83课

基本动词GIVE补充词组

所属教程:英语词组全书

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2020年06月01日

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基本动词GIVE补充词组

1. give a good account of oneself ** 干得好,表现出色

解 习语;词义溯源:对自己做出很好的[说明、阐述(account)]

例 My father always urged us to give a good account of ourselves in whatever we did. 我父亲总是鼓励我们,做任何事情都要出色。

2. give chase to sb. or sth. / give chase ** 追踪,追逐

解 习语;词义溯源:对某人或某物做出[追逐、追踪(chase)]

例 Two police cars gave chase to the robber's van, shooting at it whenever they got close enough. 两辆警车追逐劫匪的厢式货车,一靠近就向它射击。

3. give of oneself ** 付出很多时间和精力

解 习语;词义溯源:自己给自己

例 We have many volunteers, but none give of themselves as frequently as Mrs. Smith. 我们有很多志愿者,但是没有一位像史密斯夫人那样付出那么多的精力。

4. give one one's freedom ** 放手使其自由;离婚

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[自由、自由的态度(freedom)]

例 Samsung decided to give Chaeil Chemicals its freedom and the company is now an independent corporation. 三星公司决定让凯尔化工公司自由发展,该公司目前已经成为一家独立的公司。

5. give oneself up to sb. or sth. / give oneself up ** 投降,屈服;沉迷于;聚精会神于

解 习语;词义溯源:将自己[完全(up)]给予某人或某物

例 After thirty-three days of hiding in the mountains, the infiltrator gave himself up, hungry and sick. 在山里藏了33天后,挨饿生病的攻击者投降了。

6. give 〔have〕 out with sth. *** 说出口

解 〈口〉短语动词;词义溯源:把有关某事[向外(out)]说出来

例 The engine gave out with a loud bang, the noise reverberating throughout the garage. 引擎发出一声巨响,声音不断在车库中回响。

7. give sb. a big send-off ** 欢送

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[送别、送行(send-off)];参照get a big send-off

例 Over five hundred people showed up at the airport to give the team a big send-off. 五百多人来到机场为队伍举行盛大的送行仪式。

8. give sth. a lick and a promise ** 胡乱地做,粗略地做

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:给予某事物[舔(lick)]和[约定(promise)]

例 The manager accused the employees of giving the plan only a lick and a promise. 经理指责员工只是草率应付这个计划。

9. give sb. a reputation for doing sth. ** 某人因做某事而出名

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[对于做了某事的名声(reputation)]

例 The Chemical's generous contributions to local charities gave it a reputation for being a good corporate citizen. 化工公司慷慨赞助当地慈善机构,获得了优秀企业公民的荣誉。

10. give sb. or sth. a head start on sb. or sth. / give sb. or sth. a head start ** 给予某人或某物优先权

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人或某物[早一步的开始(head start)];参照get a head start on

例 To give smaller telecommunication firms a head start in the market, the government issued their permits one year ahead of schedule. 为了使小型电信企业在市场中处于有利地位,政府提前一年颁发了许可证。

11. give sb. some skin / give 〔slip〕 sb. five ** 击掌

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[皮肤、肌肤(skin)];表示团体比赛前各队围成圈,每个人伸出一只手,手掌压在手背上一个个摞起来,或者垂直伸出胳膊击掌的情形,通常用于祈使句

例 So many of his teammates gave him skin after the goal that Jim's hand was red! 吉姆进球后,他的许多队友都跟他击掌,结果他的手都红了!

12. give sb. the creeps / give sb. the willies ** 使不安,吓唬

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[毛骨悚然的感觉(creeps)或汗毛直立的感觉(willies)]

例 I'm sorry to say so, but your brother is so strange sometimes that he gives me the creeps. 很抱歉这么说,但是你弟弟有时真的很奇怪,让我直起鸡皮疙瘩。

13. give sb. the go-ahead / give sb. the green light ** 允许开始或继续

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[正式许可(go-ahead)或绿灯(green light)]

例 Permission to start the construction should have taken a month, but it took the city almost three months to give us the green light. 本应该只要一个月就能开工,但是市里花了将近三个月时间才允许我们开工。

14. give sb. the old heave-ho / give sb. the heave-ho ** 扔掉;解雇

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[解雇、拒绝、卷风帆的声音(heave-ho)]

例 Several men were given the old heave-ho when it was discovered they were not invited to the event. 许多没有被邀请参加此次活动的人是被解雇了。

15. give sb. the once-over ** 粗略检查,扫一眼

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[马马虎虎的调查、大概估量(once-over)]

例 The clerk at the rental car agency gave the car the once-over when I returned it. 我去还车的时候,租车店的工作人员把车子简单检查了一遍。


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