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LECTURE 64 基本动词 GIVE 11

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2020年06月01日

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LECTURE 64 基本动词 GIVE 11

词组讲解

1. give sb. a raw deal ** 不公平地对待某人,苛刻地对待某人

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[不公平的对待、苛刻的对待(raw deal)];参照get a raw deal

例 Don't you know how things work in these small towns? The judge is related to the police chief, who's related to the school board chairman, who's related to the mayor—and so on! So what else can you expect? You're an outsider—of course Judge Jorden gave you a raw deal!If you want to get a fair shake , you'd better go back to New York.

2. give sb. a reputation as a sb. / give sb. a reputation ** 给某人名誉和声望

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人作为某人的[名声(reputation)];参照get a reputation as a sb.

例 Your friends are all drug users. I know you don't use drugs, but they're going to give you a reputation as a drug user too if people see you with them.

3. give sb. the cold shoulder ** 漠视,冷待(表示不欢迎)

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[冷待、无视(the cold shoulder)];参照get the cold shoulder

例 When you're as beautiful as Linda is, being able to give men the cold shoulder without offending them is a basic survival skill!She'd never get any peace if she entertained every man who tries talking with her.

4. give sb. the red carpet treatment ** 隆重接待,给予王室般的待遇

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[红地毯(red carpet)]的[待遇(treatment)];roll out the red carpet for sb. 表示“为某人提供特殊待遇”

例 A Cuban Air Force general, who flew his cargo plane full of refugees to an abandoned air strip in Miami last night, was given the red carpet treatment by officials from the US Immigration Service.

5. give sb. the ax / give sb. the sack ** 解雇

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[解雇、拒绝(sack)或解雇(aX) ]

例 Rumor has it that Billy Martin is about to be given his walking papers again. If they give him the sack, it will be the sixth time he's been fired from the position of manager.

巩固练习

(A) give...the cold shoulder

(B) gave...a raw deal

(C) give...a reputation as a

(D) gave...the red carpet treatment

(E) be given the ax

1. A: In my opinion, Thompson should ______ —and soon. B: I agree he should be fired, but we can't dismiss him yet. We need him.

2. A: If Carl comes over here, let's pretend we're angry at him. Just ignore him, don't talk with him and—you know, just be unfriendly towards him. B: It won't work. Even if I tried to ______ Carl ______, I couldn't resist his charming personality and I'd start talking with him.

3. A: Have you gotten all of the salary your boss owed you before his business failed? B: No, only twenty-five percent. The court decided he had to pay the banks first and then the employees. We all think the judge treated us unfairly, but what can we do? A: You're right. He ______ you ______. It isn't fair. Banks have plenty of money. The employees should come first.

4. A: Good service will ______ you ______ person that cares for your customers. That can do more than any amount of advertising can. B: We're already known as a caring restaurant. What we want is people to think of us as a family restaurant—not only a place for adults to dine.

5. A: How did Hu Jun's parents treat you when you visited them? It was your first visit, wasn't it? B: Yes, and they treated me very well. They made me feel very special. A: They ______ you ______, didn't they? I guess a wedding's in your near future!

■ ANSWER

1. (E)

2. (A)

3. (B)

4. (C)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 你难道还不了解这些小镇的情况吗?法官与警察局局长有关系,警察局局长与学校董事会主席有关系,而学校董事会主席又与市长有关系等等!所以,你还能指望什么?你是个局外人——乔登法官当然不会给你公平待遇了!如果你想得到公平待遇,最好回纽约去。

2. 你的朋友都是瘾君子。我知道你不吸毒,但是如果人们看到你跟他们在一起的话,也会给你一个瘾君子的名声。

3. 如果你有琳达那么漂亮的话,在不冒犯男人的情况下对他们保持冷淡则是一项基本的生存技能!如果要取悦每一个想跟她说话的男人,那她就永远别想安宁了。

4. 昨天晚上,一位古巴空军司令驾驶一架满载难民的货运飞机,在迈阿密一条废弃的跑道上着陆,并受到美国移民局官员的热烈欢迎。

5. 有谣言称比利·马丁将再次被解雇。如果他被解雇的话,这将是他第六次从经理的位置上被辞退。

II. 1. A:在我看来,汤普森应该会被解雇,很快就会。B:我也觉得他应该被解雇,但是现在还不能开除他,因为我们需要他。

2. A:等卡尔过来了,我们就假装对他很生气。不要理他,也不要跟他谈话,然后——你知道的,对他不要太友好。B:没用的。即使我想对他冷淡,也无法抗拒他迷人的个性,又会开始跟他说话。

3. A:在你老板破产前,你有没有拿回他欠你的全部工资?B:没有,只拿回了25%。法院判他先偿还银行债务,然后才是员工工资。我们都认为法官对我们不公平,但是我们能做什么呢?A:你说得对,他是对你们不公平,太不公平了。银行有的是钱,应该先付给员工才对。

4. A:好的服务将会为你赢得关心客户的好名声,这比打一堆广告还要强。B:在人们眼里我们已经是一家知名的关怀餐厅了。我们的宗旨是,让人们觉得我们是一家家庭餐厅——而不仅仅是成年人吃饭的地方。

5. A:你去拜访胡军的父母时,他们对你怎么样?那是你第一次拜访,对不对?B:是的,他们对我很好。他们让我感觉很特别。A:他们隆重欢迎你了,是吗?依我看,你们很快就要举行婚礼了!


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