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LECTURE 69 基本动词 GO 5

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2020年06月02日

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LECTURE 69 基本动词 GO 5

词组讲解

1. go Dutch *** (吃饭或参加活动时)各自支付;AA制

解 短语动词;词义溯源:进行[荷兰式的(Dutch)]做法

例 Before you ask someone to have dinner with you in this country, be sure you're prepared to pay for the entire meal yourself. There's no such thing as going Dutch in this country. Whoever invites has to pay for everything.

2. go easy on sb. or sth. / go easy ** 温柔地(或宽容地)对待;有节制地使用

解 习语;词义溯源:在某人或某物上以[宽容的、从容的(easy)]方式进行

例 I'll have one hamburger, go easy on the ketchup, and one order of french fries, go easy on the salt. And let's see—um, one cola, go easy on the ice. That's all.

3. go for broke * 赌上全部;全力以赴

解 俚语;词义溯源:向着[身无分文(broke)]而去

例 The mistake many entrepreneur business people make is risking money they can't afford to lose. My best advice to you is to decide beforehand exactly how much you can afford to lose if you should fail. Put the rest in savings. Then with the confidence of knowing you can afford it, go for broke!The confidence to take risks is key to business success.

4. go for it * 努力争取;大胆尝试

解 俚语;词义溯源:向着[它(it)]而去

例 Bob hesitated at first, but then with the crowed shouting “Go for it!Go for it!” he stepped on the accelerator. His car leaped forward, sped up the inclined ramp and he sailed over the pit of burning tires much to the delight of the crowd.

5. go from bad to worse ** 逐步恶化

解 习语;词义溯源:从[不好的(bad)]状态变成[更坏的(worse)]状态

例 Just when we thought we had suffered as much as we could, things went from bad to worse. A second typhoon was on its way and we had less than an hour to get out of the area.

巩固练习

(A) go Dutch

(B) go easy on

(C) going for broke

(D) go for it

(E) gone from bad to worse

1. A: You can no longer afford to risk everything to accomplish your goal. You're a married man with a new baby girl. You have to be more careful. B: I'm careful, but I'm ______!I've always taken the greatest, most dangerous risk—and have always won. I'm not going to stop now.

2. A: Last year was a really bad year for business. We were barely able to keep our heads above water . This year, things have ______. B: Yes, I thought last year was bad, but this year our situation has become even more difficult and unpleasant.

3. A: Let's get something straight before I say yes to your invitation to dinner: I'm a new-age woman—I don't accept favors from men. I demand equality. So for dinner we will ______ or I won't go with you. B: Hey, if you want to share the cost, that's fine with me!Let's go!

4. A: Hey, listen everybody: photocopy paper is expensive. We're using too much of it in this office. Please, try to ______ Xerox paper, okay? B: Yes, sir!I'm already using it sparingly for environmental reasons. Paper comes from trees—use it wisely and we save our trees.

5. A: Hey, I've heard you're going to try to get elected to the city council. B: I only decided to ______ so I can fight the construction of that new highway the province wants to build through our city.

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (E)

3. (A)

4. (B)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 在这个国家,请别人吃饭前,确保你自己做好了为这顿饭埋单的准备。这里没有各自付账这一说法。请客的人要支付所有的费用。

2. 我要一个汉堡包,少加点番茄酱,再来一份炸薯条,少加点盐。我看看——嗯,一杯可乐,少加点冰。就这么多。

3. 许多企业家犯的一个错误就是,拿着自己损失不起的资金去冒险。我建议,如果可能会失败的话,就得首先估计你能负担的损失到底是多少钱,然后把剩下的存起来。在确定自己能承担亏损的情况下,就能全力以赴了!有信心承担风险是商业成功的关键。

4. 鲍勃一开始是犹豫的,但是当人们大喊“加油!加油!”的时候,他加大了油门。车子疾驶向前,加速冲上斜坡,然后跳过堆满燃烧着的轮胎的坑,让围观的人兴奋不已。

5. 正当我们以为已经遭遇了够多的时候,事情更糟了。第二轮台风即将来临,我们只有不到一小时的时间离开这个区域。

II. 1. A:你再也不能孤注一掷来实现你的目标了。你已经结婚了,而且刚有了女儿。你必须更加谨慎。B:我很谨慎,但是我还是会赌一把!我一直都冒着最大的、最危险的风险——而且每次都赢了。现在我停不下来了。

2. A:去年生意真是不好,我们几乎都维持不下去了。今年情况更糟糕。B:是啊,我以为去年已经够糟糕了,没想到今年变得更艰难,令人更不愉快。

3. A:在答应你的邀请一起吃饭之前,我们得先把话说明白。我是新时代的女性——我不接受男士献殷勤。我要求平等。所以,今天的晚餐我们各付各的,否则我就不跟你去。B:嘿,如果你想分担费用,我没问题!走吧!

4. A:嘿,所有人都听着:复印纸很贵,我们办公室用得太多了。所以,以后尽量少用复印纸,好吗?B:好的,先生!为了环保,我已经用得非常节俭了。纸张来源于树——合理利用纸张就是在拯救树木。

5. A:嘿,我听说你想参选进入市政府。B:我只是想大胆尝试一下,这样我就可以反对省里想要修建横穿我们市的新公路的想法了。


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