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LECTURE 76 基本动词 GO 12

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2020年06月04日

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LECTURE 76 基本动词 GO 12

词组讲解

1. go to bat for sb. ** 不遗余力地帮助某人

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:[为了或支持(for)]某人去[猛击、击球(bat)]

例 Ask Mr. Cai to talk to the general manager for you. He likes you. I think he'd go to bat for you if you asked him. Tell him all about the problem you're having getting permission to get a couple of days off for your wedding and I'm sure he'll try his best for you.

2. go to bed with the chickens ** 夕阳西下时(鸡睡觉时)就睡觉;晚上早早睡觉

解 习语;词义溯源:鸡睡觉时就去[床上(bed)]睡觉

例 Benjamin Franklin's famous quotation,“Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise,” talks about the virtues of getting plenty of sleep and getting up early while the morning is fresh. Personally I have a problem going to bed with the chickens, but the idea is nice.

3. go to hell / go to the devil ** 滚开;毁灭

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:去[地狱(hell)];此处的hell需慎用

例 This baseball field has really going to hell. My brothers and I used to play Little League baseball here. It was the best field in town. Now look at it.

4. go to hell in a handbasket ** 报废,被破坏

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:装在[手提篮子(handbasket)]里去地狱;这一词组不用于祈使句

例 When he took charge in 2000, the automobile manufacturer was going to hell in a handbasket. Now he is a leader in design innovation and new product introduction.

5. go to pieces ** 成碎片;抱头痛哭,精神崩溃

解 习语;词义溯源:成为[一片一片的(pieces)]

例 Every time Lola hears that old song, she remembers Tony and goes to pieces. It was their love song. It was the song that was playing the first time they met and it was the song that was on the radio when Tony died in the car accident.

巩固练习

(A) go to bat for

(B) going to bed with the chickens

(C) go to hell

(D) going to hell in a handbasket

(E) went to pieces

1. A: Sambo Electronics used to be the best, but these days the quality of their products is deteriorating rapidly. B: Yes, it is. My father used to be an executive for them. He says their quality is ______ because Sambo Group has gotten more interested in their new insurance and finance companies.

2. A: Nine o'clock?!You go to bed at nine o'clock at night? Why do you go to bed so early? B: My father liked it that way, so my whole family got used to ______. Even now I can't break the habit. If I don't go to bed by 9:00, I'm tired all the next day.

3. A: The news of Sand's death was too much for Mother to bear. When the policeman broke the news to us, she ______. B: You know, there are counselors who can help your mother. A lot of people fall into a state of deep mental distress and lose control of their lives when a family member dies in a tragic accident like that. The hospital can send a professional to your home to talk with her.

4. A: Mr. Lin's a tough manager, but you can depend on him to defend and support you if you get in trouble or anyone causes you trouble. B: Really? He'll ______ his workers? That's the sign of a great manager.

5. A: The next time he starts bothering you, just tell him to ______. B: I can't be rude to my boss like that. Even I tried to tell him politely to go away and stop bothering me as you suggest, it wouldn't be good.

■ ANSWER

1. (D)

2. (B)

3. (E)

4. (A)

5. (C)

参考译文

I. 1. 请蔡先生帮你跟总经理说吧。他喜欢你。我想只要你提出来,他肯定会帮助你的。告诉他你想请几天假举行婚礼,但是你遇到了问题无法获得批准,我肯定他会尽最大努力帮你的。

2. 本杰明·富兰克林的名言“早睡早起使人健康、富有、聪明”说的便是保证足够的睡眠,在清晨空气清新的时候起床的好处。尽管我做不到晚上早睡觉,但是我觉得这种想法是好的。

3. 这个棒球场已经被毁掉了。我和我的兄弟们以前经常在这里参加少年棒球联合会的比赛。这里以前是小镇上最好的场地了。现在,你看看它。

4. 他2000年接管这家汽车制造公司的时候,公司正走向衰退。现在他已经成为了设计创新和新产品引进方面的领头羊。

5. 每次洛拉一听到那首老歌,就会想起托尼,然后精神崩溃。那是他们的情歌。他们第一次见面时,播放的就是这首歌;托尼在车祸中丧生时,广播中播放的也是这首歌。

II. 1. A:桑博电子公司曾经是最强的,但是最近他们的产品质量迅速下降。B:是啊。我爸爸曾经在他们公司担任管理人员。他说它们的质量之所以迅速下降,是因为桑博集团对他们新开的保险和金融公司更感兴趣。

2. A:9点?你晚上9点就睡觉?为什么睡这么早?B:我爸爸喜欢这样,所以我们一家人都习惯晚上早睡。即便现在我还改变不了这个习惯。如果我不在9点前上床睡觉,第二天一整天都会觉得累。

3. A:我妈妈无法承受桑德去世的打击。警察把消息告诉我们的时候,她精神崩溃了。B:你知道,有一种顾问可以帮助你妈妈。许多人在家人因故去世后,都会陷入精神上的痛苦中,生活无法自控。医院可以派专业人士去你家跟她谈谈。

4. A:林先生是一位严厉的经理,但是如果你陷入麻烦或者有人找你麻烦的话,你倒可以找他为你提供辩护和支持。B:真的吗?他会帮助他的下属?那他真是一位优秀的经理。

5. A:下次他要是再烦你,就让他滚开。B:我不能对老板那么粗鲁。就算像你建议的那样,礼貌地让他走开,别再烦我,也不太好。


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