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LECTURE 81 基本动词 HAVE 2

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2020年06月05日

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LECTURE 81 基本动词 HAVE 2

词组讲解

1. have a close shave 〔call〕 / have a narrow escape **幸免于难;九死一生,死里逃生

解 习语;词义溯源:经历[危急时刻、九死一生〔close shave(or call),narrow escape〕];参照have a brush with sth.

例 Two Boeing 747 had a close shave this afternoon at Chicago's O'Hare Airport as they were each making their way to the concourse. The pilot of American Airlines flight 75D saw he was on a collision course and swerved sharply to the left to avoid a Delta Airline's plane coming straight at him. The planes' wings touched but no damage was reported.

2. have a familiar ring **听起来耳熟

解 习语;词义溯源:有着[耳熟的(familiar)][响声(ring)]

例 For those of you who have read Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, you'll likely find that the basic plot of West Side Story has a familiar ring to it. They're the same. West Side Story was one writer's attempt to modernize Romeo and Juliet and make it relevant to young people's lives today.

3. have 〔throw〕 a fit **非常生气,非常恼火

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:做出[感情等的爆发、发作(fit)]

例 Aides close to the president said he had a fit when he heard the news reports. “He went through the ceiling ,” an aide close to Salinas said. “The reports were completely false and the broadcaster should not have aired them. ”

4. have a go at sth. / have a go **企图做某事;尝试做某事

解 习语;词义溯源:[尝试、试图(go)]做某事;参照take a stab at sth.

例 Samon's one of those guys who can't pass up a challenge. No matter what it is, if somebody challenges him to do it, he'll have a go at it—and he usually meets the challenge. I guess that's why the girls are crazy about him.

5. have a good command of sth. **擅长;运用自如

解 习语;词义溯源:拥有对某物的[优秀的(good)][掌控力(command)]

例 I'd say it took me three years to really get a grip of the language. Then maybe another three or four years to have a good enough command of it to handle any business situation I found myself in. Maybe in another three years I'll start sounding like a native German!

巩固练习

(A) having a close call

(B) have a familiar ring

(C) had a fit

(D) have a go at

(E) had a good command of

1. A: Listen to this: SuperComp's newspaper advertisement says:“At our computer academy the students come first. ” Doesn't that ______ to it? Have you ever heard that before?! B: You're damn right it sounds familiar—it's our motto!They are using our motto!They've changed it a bit, but still it sounds like ours.

2. A: Why is little Walter in his room on such a nice day? He ought to be outdoors. B: I sent him to his room because he ______ when I wouldn't let him go swimming in the lake with his friends. He has to learn that getting angry with me when I'm only thinking of his safety is not acceptable.

3. A: I'm serious!We were within inches of the truck and it was riding on only two wheels. We just barely escaped the danger of it falling over onto our car and crushing us. It fell over just after passing us. B: Have you changed your mind about driving such a small car after ______ like that?

4. A: You're gaining a lot of knowledge in automotive school, but you have no experience using it. It takes years to gain a strong ability to use your knowledge. B: How long did it take before you felt you ______ engine repair? Two years? Three?

5. A: Anybody want to try to do it? Anybody who can lift it will get $500. B: I'll ______ it. I'll probably fail, but heck, I'll attempt it at least.

■ ANSWER

1. (B)

2. (C)

3. (A)

4. (E)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 两架波音747飞机今天下午在芝加哥奥黑尔机场着陆时差点发生意外。美国航空公司75D次航班的飞行员看到自己正处于相撞的线路上,于是紧急向左转向,避开了迎面而来的达美航空公司的飞机。两架飞机的机翼相触碰,但报告称没有发生损伤。

2. 你们当中读过莎士比亚的《罗密欧与朱丽叶》的人可能会发现,《西区故事》的基本情节似曾相识。这两部作品的情节是一样的。《西区故事》的作者想把罗密欧与朱丽叶的故事现代化,使其与现代年轻人的生活息息相关。

3. 萨利纳斯身边的助手们说他听到这则新闻报道后大发雷霆。其中一位助理说:“他大发脾气。这报道完全是假的,广播公司就不应该播。”

4. 萨蒙是那种不会拒绝挑战的人。不论是什么,只要有人挑战他,他都会试一试——而且他通常都能成功应对。我想这就是女孩子都为他疯狂的原因吧。

5. 我只能说,我花了三年时间才真正掌握了这门语言。然后又花了大约三四年时间才足够精通,能够应对我所处的任何商务环境。或许再过三年,我讲话听起来就会像个土生土长的德国人了!

II. 1. A:你听听这个:苏泊尔康普在报纸上打广告说:“在我们计算机学院,学生永远处于第一位。”这话听起来是不是很耳熟?!你以前有没有听过?B:你说得太对了,听起来是很熟悉——这是我们的口号!他们竟然用了我们的口号!他们虽然稍微改了改,但是听起来还是像我们的。

2. A:今天天气这么好,小沃尔特为什么待在房间里?他应该到户外走走。B:我让他待在房间的,因为我不让他和朋友们去湖里游泳,他竟然大发脾气。他得记住,我是为他的安全着想,我不能接受他对我发脾气。

3. A:我说真的!当时我们离卡车只有几英寸,而且它只剩两个轮子着地。它差点就砸在我们的车上,把我们压扁了。与我们的车擦肩而过后它就翻了。B:有了这次侥幸脱险的经历,你是不是不想开小车了啊?

4. A:你在汽车学校学到了很多知识,但是你没有实际应用的经验。要想获得较强的能力来运用你的知识,需要花费很多年。B:你花了多长时间才感觉自己熟练掌握了发动机维修技术?两年?三年?

5. A:有没有人想试一下?任何人只要能举起它就可以获得500美元。B:我来试一试。我可能会失败,但是,管他呢,起码我尝试了。


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