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LECTURE 83 基本动词 HAVE 4

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2020年06月05日

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LECTURE 83 基本动词 HAVE 4

词组讲解

1. have a heart of stone **铁石心肠;冷酷无情

解 习语;词义溯源:拥有[石头般的心(heart of stone)]

例 Charles, who's always had a heart of stone toward his friends and relatives, finds out he is dying of cancer and almost overnight becomes a changed man.

2. have a heart-to-heart talk / have a heart-to-heart **敞开心扉交谈

解 习语;词义溯源:进行[坦诚的谈话(a heart-to-heart talk)]

例 Are you afraid to have a heart-to-heart talk with your wife? Most men are, but most men also really want to. Why don't you try it? It can really work wonders for a relationship.

3. have a lot going for one / have a lot going ** 有许多优点;发展态势良好

解 习语;词义溯源:使很多事情[去向(going)]某人

例 It's a shame—a big shame. A young man like him committing suicide over a lost girlfriend. He had a lot going for him—intelligence, charisma, athletic ability. He had just gotten a full scholarship to UCLA—he was going places .

4. have a lot of promise **拥有大好前程,前途无量

解 习语;词义溯源:拥有很多[希望、可能性(promise)]

例 Dear Deborah, I'm writing to tell you that the paintings you left with me here in Paris have been accepted at a gallery near my apartment. The owner of the gallery was impressed and said your work has a lot of promise. So, congratulations!Your Friend, Dominique.

5. have a lot on one's mind **很多事情压在心头,心事重重;注意力分散

解 习语;词义溯源:有很多事情[在头脑中(on one's mind)]

例 Leaders of the seven largest industrialized nations will have a lot on their minds when they meet in ten days in Bonn. Chief among their concerns will be the problem of unemployment.

巩固练习

(A) have a heart of stone

(B) having...heart-to-heart talks

(C) has a lot going for

(D) has a lot of promise

(E) have a lot on your mind

1. A: If our boss were anybody but Mr. Ben, I'd say we had a chance to be forgiven for this mistake. We'd better prepare our resignations now—Mr. Ben is not capable of showing mercy or understanding. B: He may ______, but he's also a very practical businessman. He can't do without us right now—we're the only two who can speak French. He's unsympathetic—but not stupid.

2. A: Your daughter is progressing very well on the piano. She certainly ______. A few more years of coaching and...B: Yes, I know she has potential, but I'm afraid we don't have the money for a few more years of lessons. If she can master the basics, that'll be fine for her.

3. A: Walter, could you ask me about that later? I've just got too many things to worry about right now—my wife's sick, and I've got to fly to Manila...B: Okay, I can see you ______. I'll get back with you later.

4. A: Rebecca wants to be a model and I think she has many assets that are beneficial to her becoming successful. She's not only beautiful but also very charming. And her eyes—so mysterious. B: Yes, she definitely ______ her.

5. A: Dad, where's Mom? B: She's at the neighbor's house ______ another one of those ______ with Mrs. Johnson. A: Oh no!Once they start sharing all their private feelings, they talk for hours!

■ ANSWER

1. (A)

2. (D)

3. (E)

4. (C)

5. (B)

参考译文

I. 1. 一直以来对朋友和亲人铁石心肠的查尔斯,发现自己已经是癌症晚期后,几乎在一夜之间变成了一个完全不同的人。

2. 你害怕跟你妻子敞开心扉谈谈吗?大多数男性都会害怕,但是大多数男性又想。你为什么不试试?它在处理夫妻关系方面能发挥奇妙的作用。

3. 真遗憾——太遗憾了。像他这样的年轻人因为失恋而自杀。他有很多得天独厚的条件——聪明、有魅力,还有运动细胞。他刚拿到加州大学洛杉矶分校的全额奖学金——他本该有所成就的。

4. 亲爱的德博拉,来信是想告诉你,你留在巴黎的画已经被我公寓附近的画廊收下了。画廊的主人为之所动,并说你的作品非常有潜力。所以,祝贺你!你的朋友,多米尼克。

5. 七个最大工业国家的领导人10天后将在波恩举行会议,会议期间他们需要考虑许多问题。其中,首当其冲的是失业问题。

II. 1. A:如果我们的老板不是本先生,而是任何其他人的话,我敢说我们犯的这个错误有可能被原谅。我们现在最好准备辞职信——本先生不可能怜悯或理解我们。B:他可能是铁石心肠,但也是一位务实的商人。他目前没有我们不行——我们两个是唯一懂法语的。虽然他没有同情心——但也不傻。

2. A:你女儿弹钢琴进步很大。她真的很有前途。再指导几年并且…… B:是的,我知道她很有潜力,但是我担心我们没有足够的钱供她再学几年。只要掌握基本技巧,对她来说就很好了。

3. A:沃尔特,你能等会再问我吗?我现在有很多事要操心——我妻子病了,我得坐飞机去马尼拉…… B:好的,我看得出来你有许多事要忙。我晚点再跟你联系。

4. A:丽贝卡想当模特,我觉得她有许多非常有利的条件让她成功。她不仅漂亮,而且非常有魅力。她的眼睛——如此神秘。B:是啊,她确实有很多得天独厚的条件。

5. A:爸爸,妈妈去哪儿了?B:她又去邻居家跟约翰逊夫人谈心去了。A:哦,不是吧!她们只要一分享私人情感就会谈上好几个小时!


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