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LECTURE 84 基本动词 HAVE 5

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2020年06月05日

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LECTURE 84 基本动词 HAVE 5

词组讲解

1. have a low boiling point **容易生气,易怒

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:拥有较低的[沸点(boiling point)]

例 Anger is bad for you health. Studies have shown that people who have a low boiling point are up to ten times more likely to suffer from high blood pressure or be stricken with a heart attack. If you find yourself going through the roof over the slightest things, you should consider seeking professional help to overcome this deadly behavior.

2. have a near miss **差点撞上或碰上

解 习语;词义溯源:经历[危险瞬间、(航空领域等)异常的近距离(near miss)]

例 Amateur astronomers around the world watched with awe as the Shoemaker-Levy 9 comet smashed into Jupiter last week. The question on all of their minds must have been,“If it can happen to Jupiter, when will it happen to Earth?” Actually, Earth has several near misses with comets and meteors every year.

3. have a penchant for sth. / have a penchant for doing sth. **有强烈嗜好

解 习语;词义溯源:对做某事有[爱好、兴趣、倾向(penchant)]

例 Do you have a penchant for deep-sea fishing but never go because you don't have a boat? If so, Deep Blue Boat Rentals is the answer for you.

4. have a price on one's head **被悬赏缉拿或捉拿

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:某人的头上有[悬赏金(price)];多用于西部电影或警匪电影中

例 Several terrorists who have a price on their heads are known to be taking refuge in Lybia and the Lybian government is reluctant to force them out.

5. have a rough time of it / have a rough time **经过艰苦岁月;经历苦难

解 习语;词义溯源:经历[艰难的、艰苦的、难以承受的(rough)]岁月

例 Las Vegas is a city that has traditionally prided itself on the fact that even when recession hits the American economy, this gambling town just keeps on growing. However, the mayor of Las Vegas was forced to admit later that even his city was actually having a rough time of it.

巩固练习

(A) has a low boiling point

(B) had...near misses

(C) has a penchant for

(D) has a price on his head

(E) having a rough time of it

1. A: Look at that man over there in front of the convenience store. Doesn't he look like the man whose photo is hanging up in the post office? You know, one of those people for whom the police are offering an award to the person who catches them? B: Maybe, but I don't think a man who ______ would be standing in front of such a busy store where everybody could see him.

2. A: Boy!Talking about having a close call !If that steel beam had fallen just another meter to the left, we'd probably both be dead. B: Probably. But I think I'm not supposed to die yet because I've ______ lots of ______ while working on this construction site. Every time I manage to barely escape danger I think“somebody is protecting me. ”

3. A: It may be none of my business, Alison, but how's your financial situation since your husband lost his job? B: Well, we're experiencing a difficult period in our lives, but we have hope. Bretton has a lot going for him, so we're confident about our future. We're ______ now, but we'll be okay in the end.

4. A: It doesn't take much to make Helena angry. B: She gets angry easily? I thought maybe it was just me she was angry at. A: No, she ______. The slightest annoyance can upset her.

5. A: My husband is fond of picking up things he finds along the street. It's downright embarrassing to walking with him. B: You think that's bad? My husband ______ staring at young women as we walk. It's downright infuriating!

■ ANSWER

1. (D)

2. (B)

3. (E)

4. (A)

5. (C)

参考译文

I. 1. 生气不利于身体健康。研究表明,容易生气的人患高血压或心脏病的几率比其他人高十倍。如果你发现自己因为一点小事大发脾气的话,你应该考虑寻求专业协助来改正这一致命行为。

2. 上周,全球的业余天文爱好者们都心怀敬畏地观看了苏梅克—列维9号彗星与木星相撞。他们所有人肯定都存在这样的疑问:“既然这可以发生在木星上,那么什么时候会发生在地球上呢?” 事实上,地球每年多次与彗星和流星擦肩而过。

3. 热衷于深海钓鱼的您是不是因没有船而从未成行呢?如果是这样的话,深蓝船只租赁是您的选择。

4. 据悉,一些被悬赏缉拿的恐怖分子在利比亚绑架了人质,而利比亚政府不愿意以武力将他们驱逐。

5. 拉斯维加斯一直引以为荣的是,即使美国经济受到大衰退的影响,这个赌城依然在继续发展。但是后来,拉斯维加斯市长被迫承认,其实赌城的处境也非常艰难。

II. 1. A:你看那边便利店前面的那个人。他像不像邮局悬挂的照片中的人?你知道的,就是警察悬赏捉拿的那几个人中的一个。B:或许吧,但是我觉得一个被悬赏捉拿的人不会在众目睽睽下站在这么繁忙的商店前的。

2. A:伙计!说到这次侥幸脱险!如果那块钢梁再向左偏一米,我们两个可能就死了。B:可能。但是对于死我已经不感到吃惊了,因为在这块建筑工地工作期间,我有过多次死里逃生的经历。每次我成功逃生的时候,我都在想“肯定有人在保护我”。

3. A:或许这与我无关,艾利森,但是我想问,你丈夫失业后你们的经济状况如何?B:哦,我们正在经历这辈子的艰难时期,但是我们满怀希望。布雷顿有许多有利条件,所以我们对未来非常有信心。现在是有困难,但我们最终会好的。

4. A:想让海伦娜生气用不着费很大的劲。B:她很容易生气?我还以为她只对我发脾气呢。A:不是的,她非常容易生气。再小的烦恼都可以让她生气。

5. A:我丈夫喜欢捡路边的东西。跟他走在一起真尴尬。B:你觉得那很糟糕吗?我跟我丈夫走在一起的时候,他喜欢盯着年轻的女人看。那才让人大为恼火呢!


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