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LECTURE 99 基本动词 HOLD 2

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2020年06月09日

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LECTURE 99 基本动词 HOLD 2

词组讲解

1. hold one's breath **屏息,憋气;焦急等待

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:抑制[气息、呼吸(breath)]

例 Residents of this small town are glued to their TV sets each night watching their hometown hero for the American team in the World Cup. Gathered at the town's only sports club, they hold their breath at each shot and let out a sigh of relief when the impeccable hero blocks each attempt.

2. hold one's end of the bargain up / hold up one's end of the bargain **尽自己的本分;履行好自己的义务;信守诺言

解 习语;词义溯源:[向上(up)]维持[协议、协商(bargain)]的[结果、结论(end)]

例 The officer who arrested Compton said that the suspect told him he had shot Norman Weiler because he had not held up his end of the bargain in a land deal the two of them had been partners in. However, in court today Compton denied the confession.

3. hold one's head up / hold up one's head **保持威严;扬眉吐气

解 习语;词义溯源:保持[头部(head)][向上(up)]

例 The best thing you can do now is just disappear from public view until the people have time to forget this one embarrassing incident and put it in perspective. You'll be able to hold your head up again, but it's going to take some time.

4. hold one's own **比得上;维持原状;能应付

解 习语;词义溯源:维持[自己的立场(one's own)]

例 Acompany of soldiers from the tiny country of Belize were given the opportunity to show they could hold their own in combat when they unexpectedly found themselves on the front line, but defeated an entire Haitian battalion. “We may not be as big as the Americans,” said one excited officer, “but we can give as good as we get . ”

5. hold one's tongue **谨慎说话;保持沉默

解 习语;词义溯源:控制[舌头、言辞(tongue)]

例 George wanted to tell his girlfriend the secret of his family, but wisely, he finally decided to hold his tongue.

巩固练习

(A) holding my breath

(B) hold up your end of the bargain

(C) hold your head up

(D) hold his own

(E) Hold your tongue

1. A: If the newspaper publishes this, you'll never be able to ______ in public again. Your political career will be over. B: I'm not worried about my political career. I'll also not be able to feel that I'm respected by my wife and children—that would really hurt.

2. A: Ellick says he's going to pay me back the ¥2,000 that he borrowed two months ago, but I'm not ______. B: I know what you mean. When Ellick says he's going to do something, it's not a good idea to wait anxiously for him to do it.

3. A: Hey, I expect you to ______. You said if I let you use my car, you'd wash it once a week. What's up? It hasn't been washed weeks now. B: Sorry. I really want to do as I agreed to do in exchange for your kindness, but I don't have the proper equipment—you know, a hose, sponge, car soap and such? But I'll buy some this weekend. Okay?

4. A: Patrick's not going to win the competition—he's not that good. But he'll do as well as most people do. B: I agree, but don't tell Patrick that. He doesn't want to hear that he'll only ______. He thinks he has a chance to win.

5. A: But I didn't do it!I wasn't even...B: ______! A: Don't speak? Why? I'm accused of the crime I didn't do!I must speak!

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (A)

3. (B)

4. (D)

5. (E)

参考译文

I. 1. 小镇的居民们每天晚上都盯着电视,观看他们的英雄代表美国队在世界杯上的表现。人们聚集在小镇唯一的体育俱乐部,每次射门的时候都屏住呼吸,直到他们的英雄无懈可击地挡住射门时,才松一口气。

2. 逮捕康普顿的警官表示,据嫌疑人康普顿供述,他向诺曼·维勒开枪,是因为在他们合伙参与的土地交易中,诺曼没有遵守诺言。但是,今天在法庭上,康普顿推翻了他的供述。

3. 你现在最好从公众视野中消失,直到人们忘记这件令人尴尬的事情,并能合理看待它,到时候你又可以抬头挺胸做人,不过这需要时间。

4. 来自伯利兹这个小国的一个士兵连获得机会证明,他们无意中来到前线后依然可以应付,并且击败了海地一个营的军队。一位军官兴奋地说道:“或许我们没有美国军队强大,但是我们可以毫不示弱地反击。”

5. 乔治想告诉他的女朋友他们家族的秘密,但最后他明智地决定保持沉默。

II. 1. A:如果报纸上刊登了这条消息,你再也不可能在公众面前抬头挺胸做人了。你的政治生涯将从此结束。B:我并不担心我的政治生涯。我只是再也无法让我的妻子和孩子尊敬我了——那才让人伤心。

2. A:埃利克说他会把两个月前从我这里借走的2000元还给我,我却没有眼巴巴地等着。B:我明白你的意思。当埃利克说他要做什么事的时候,最好不要焦急地等他来做。

3. A:嘿,我希望你能说到做到。你说如果我把车给你用,你会每周洗一次。可这是怎么回事?都几周没洗了。B:抱歉,为报答你的诚意,我真的想按照我当初说的那么做,但是我没有合适的清洗工具——你知道的,软管、海绵、汽车清洗剂什么的。不过我这周末就去买,好吗?

4. A:帕特里克不可能在竞争中获胜——他不够优秀。不过,他会做得跟大部分人一样好。B:我同意,但是别跟帕特里克说。他不希望听到说他跟别人差不多的话。他以为他有机会赢。

5. A:但是我没有做!我甚至都没有…… B:你别说话!A:别说话?为什么?我没做错事还被指控犯罪!我必须说!


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