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LECTURE 105 基本动词 KEEP 4

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2020年06月11日

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LECTURE 105 基本动词 KEEP 4

词组讲解

1. keep pace with sb. or sth. / keep pace **(与…)并驾齐驱,保持同步

解 习语;词义溯源:保持与某人或某物相同的[步调、速度(pace)]

例 Fashion changes happen so quickly these days that keeping pace with what's “in” and what's“out”, requires some effort. That's where FASHION NOW can help. A monthly magazine dedicated to the latest trends in young people's fashion, FN is quickly becoming the bible of fashion for the under-20 generation.

2. keep sb. company **陪伴;与某人(尤指恋人)形影不离

解 习语;词义溯源:与某人保持[陪同(company)]的状态

例 Lonely? Feel like nobody cares about you? Call YOU'VE GOT A FRIEND at 1-800-565-5656 and talk with us—we care. This is a free service and our only purpose is to keep you company during those times when it feels like the world has forgotten you. We will not try to sell you anything and won't try to recruit you for any religious group. Call now and ease the pain.

3. keep sb. from doing sth. ***使不能做,阻止

解 短语动词;词义溯源:阻止某人做某事

例 Broken glass lines the top of most walls to keep would-be burglars from climbing over. Still, as police statistics on home burglaries show, it's not enough to give pause to a determined thief.

4. keep sb. in line **使遵守规则,管束

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:使某人保持[排队(in line)]的状态

例 Our company now has seventeen overseas branches in Europe and Southeast Asia. My job is to visit them on a regular basis just to keep them in line.

5. keep 〔have〕 sb. on tenterhooks **使提心吊胆,使焦虑不安

解 习语;词义溯源:使某人保持[提心吊胆的(on tenterhooks)]状态

例 Angry residents of the Hill Top Apartments marched into the construction minister's office yesterday and demanded he render his decision on the fate of their flawed building. “He's kept us on tenterhooks for over a year,” cried one resident. “We don't know what to do—move, sell, stay—what?”

巩固练习

(A) keeping pace with

(B) keep...company

(C) keep...from

(D) keep...in line

(E) keep...on tenterhooks

1. A: I don't care how much you educate the general population, there's always going to be a certain minority of people who are going to disobey the rules. We'll always need laws and punishments that ensure they behave properly. B: Oh come on. We've tried for thousands of years to ______ people ______ with laws and prisons—it doesn't work. Education does. Enlightened people behave appropriately.

2. A: Hey Danny, could you go over to Grandmother's house and ______ her ______ for a few hours until Grandpa gets back from Lexington? B: Oh, Mom!I hate that. Besides, Grandma is an independent woman. She doesn't need someone to be with her to keep her from being lonely.

3. A: Our school's computer department is doing a good job at ______ the rapid changes in hardware and software. B: You're lucky. Most schools can't match the progress—it's too expensive.

4. A: Everybody's full of expectation—they're all anxiously waiting for the results. B: Well, let's not ______ them ______. Let's make the announcement.

5. A: Can't you ______ yourself ______ making that sound with your pen? It's really getting on my nerves ! B: I guess I could manage not to do it, but I don't want to—it helps me to think. So why don't you just put your headphones on and listen to music?

■ ANSWER

1. (D)

2. (B)

3. (A)

4. (E)

5. (C)

参考译文

I. 1. 如今,潮流变化得太快,要想“跟上潮流”、“不落伍”得花很大精力。《时尚时刻》可以帮您。作为一本关注年轻人最新潮流趋势的月刊,《时尚时刻》正迅速成为20岁以下年轻人的时尚圣典。

2. 感觉孤独吗?感觉没有人关心您吗?拨打“知心好友热线”1-800-565-5656与我们进行交流——我们关心您。该服务免费,我们只想在您感觉被整个世界遗忘的时候陪着您。我们不会向您推销任何产品,也不会劝您加入任何宗教组织。现在就拨打电话,减轻您的痛苦吧。

3. 大部分围墙顶部都插满了碎玻璃,防止窃贼翻墙。但是警方对入室盗窃的统计数据显示,这并不能完全阻止下定决心偷盗的小偷。

4. 我们公司目前在欧洲和东南亚设有17家海外分公司。我的工作就是定期视察,对他们进行管束。

5. 山顶公寓愤怒的住户们昨天到建设部长的办公室示威,要求他给出决定,怎么处理那栋有问题的大楼。一位住户大声说道:“这一年多来,是他一直让我们焦虑不安。我们不知道该怎么做——搬家、出售、留下,还是怎样?”

II. 1. A:我不管你们对大众的教育处于什么水平,总会有一小部分人违反规定。我们还是需要法律和处罚措施来确保他们行为得当。B:哦,得了吧。用法律和监狱来管束人的做法已经用了几千年了,但是没有用。教育能发挥作用,文明的人行为得当。

2. A:嘿,丹尼,在爷爷从列克星敦回来之前,你能去奶奶家陪她几个小时吗。B:哦,妈妈!我不想去。而且,奶奶是个独立的人,她不需要任何人陪她赶走孤单。

3. A:我们学校的计算机系在紧跟软硬件快速变化的潮流方面做得很好。B:你们很幸运。大部分学校都无法跟上发展——因为费用太高了。

4. A:所有人都满怀期待——他们焦急地等待着结果。B:嗯,那我们别让大家着急了。宣布结果吧。

5. A:你能不能别再把钢笔弄出那种声音?真是烦死了!B:我想我可以做到不出声,但是我不愿意——这有助于我思考。所以,你为什么不戴上耳机听听音乐呢?


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