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LECTURE 104 基本动词 KEEP 3

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2020年06月11日

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LECTURE 104 基本动词 KEEP 3

词组讲解

1. keep one's distance from sb. or sth. **与…保持一定距离

解 习语;词义溯源:与某人或某物保持一定[距离(distance)]

例 In my opinion there's only one measure of an effective anti-drug campaign: If it convinces kids to keep their distance from drugs, it's effective. So I don't want to hear your arguments against this campaign. I agree its message is blunt and shocking—kids are frightened by actual photos of dead people—but they get the message !

2. keep one's fingers crossed for sb. or sth. / keep one's fingers crossed **为…祈求好运

解 习语;词义溯源:为了某人或某物使手指处于[交叉的(crossed)]状态,做出祈求好运的手势

例 Two boys were pulled from the burning house by firemen and are listed in critical condition at Children's Hospital in Seattle. Doctor Phil Donaldson, a burn specialist, says the next 24 hours will determine whether the brothers, one eight and the other five, will survive the burns that cover their bodies. “We're keeping our fingers crossed,” said Donaldson.

3. keep one's mouth shut about sb. or sth. / keep one's mouth shut **(对…)保持沉默,闭口不谈,守口如瓶

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:对某人或某物保持[闭嘴的(shut)]状态

例 Workers at the factory have told reporters that they were under orders to keep their mouths shut about the accident, in which radioactive gas was released into the air, or lose their jobs. Six however have given testimony.

4. keep one's nose clean *行为规矩;洁身自好;不卷入事非

解 俚语;词义溯源:使[鼻子(nose)]保持[干净的(clean)]状态

例 Morris Boys' Military Academy offers rigid physical training, high-quality education and an atmosphere in which boys can develop into well-rounded, confident young men. We're not just a school for adolescents who can't keep their noses clean. In fact, 73% of our students come here voluntarily.

5. keep one's word **信守承诺

解 习语;词义溯源:遵守[约定、诺言(one's word)]

例 If you're holding your breath waiting for Harry to keep his word, you're wasting your time. He's never going to hold up his end of the bargain . You never should have trusted him.

巩固练习

(A) keep your distance from

(B) keep our fingers crossed

(C) keep my mouth shut

(D) Keep your nose clean

(E) keep your word

1. A: Well, the proposal is on the chairman's desk and all we can do now is wait and hope for success. Approval would really do our team good . B: Yeah, it surely would make us all feel good. Let's ______.

2. A: God damn it!I expect you to do as you promised!You have to ______ on this, Bobby. You have to. B: But I never gave my word!How can I keep a promise I never made?

3. A: Tommy Conners is a thief!If you keep letting him come over to house, he'll steal everything we've got. You'd better ______ him. Tell him to get lost ! B: Oh, Mom!You never approve of my friends. I could bring the Pope home and you'd tell me not to get close to him!If I were cautious about getting familiar with all the people you didn't like, I'd be a hermit!

4. A: You'd better not say anything about this to anybody. You got it? B: Got it. Don't worry about me—I'll ______.

5. A: The last thing my father said before I stepped onto the plane was “______, son. ” B: So why haven't you avoided getting into trouble? You certainly haven't heeded his advice.

■ ANSWER

1. (B)

2. (E)

3. (A)

4. (C)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 我认为,衡量禁毒行动是否有效只有一个标准:如果它能说服孩子们远离毒品,它就是有效的。所以我不想听到你对这一行动提出反对意见。我承认该行动传递的信息非常直接,也令人震惊——孩子们被死人的照片吓到了——但他们理解了禁毒的意义。

2. 两个男孩被消防员从一栋失火的房子里救出来后,被送往西雅图的儿童医院,目前情况危急。烧伤专家菲尔·唐纳森医生说,这对兄弟一个八岁,一个五岁,全身烧伤,未来24小时内可确定他们能否活下来。唐纳森说:“我们祈祷好运降临。”

3. 工厂的工人告诉记者,他们接到命令,必须对有放射性气体释放到空气中这件事情保密,否则将会丢掉工作。但已经有六名工人作证了。

4. 莫里斯男子少儿军事学院提供严格的体能训练、高质量的教学和良好的氛围,在这里,孩子们将成长为全面发展而自信的年轻人。我们不是专门收容那些品行不端的年轻人的。实际上,我校73%的学生都是自愿报名的。

5. 如果你激动地等待哈里信守诺言,那就是在浪费时间。他从来不会兑现承诺。你决不应该相信他。

II. 1. A:现在,建议书就在主席的桌子上,我们能做的只有等待,希望能够成功。能通过的话对我们的团队的确有利。B:是啊,我们肯定都会很高兴。让我们祈祷好运降临吧。

2. A:该死的!我希望你能按照承诺的那样做!你必须遵守诺言,博比。必须。B:但是我从没有许下什么诺言啊!我怎么遵守我从来没有许过的诺言呢?

3. A:汤米·康纳斯是个小偷!如果你还让他来家里的话,他会把我们所有的东西都偷光。你最好离他远点。让他消失!B:哦,妈妈!您从来不认可我的朋友。就算我把教皇带回家,您也会让我别靠近他!如果我跟所有您不喜欢的人打交道都小心翼翼的话,那我就成了隐士了!

4. A:你最好不要把这件事告诉任何人,明白吗?B:明白。别担心——我会守口如瓶的。

5. A:我上飞机之前,我爸爸说的最后一句话是:“要安分守己,儿子。”B:那你为什么不避开麻烦呢?你肯定没有听他的忠告。


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