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LECTURE 126 基本动词 MAKE 13

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2020年06月18日

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LECTURE 126 基本动词 MAKE 13

词组讲解

1. make one's head swim 〔spin〕 ** 使晕眩;使困惑

解 习语;词义溯源:使得某人的头[晕眩(swim)或旋转(spin)]

例 I'm tired of always having to worry about how we're going to make ends meet . It's all we ever do—worry about having enough money to survive. I want to be rich. I want to have so much money that when I look at our bank account the figures make my head swim!

2. make one's mind up / make up one's mind ** 作出决定;拿定主意

解 习语;词义溯源:[完全(up)]给出某人的[意见、想法(mind)]

例 The latest is that the new industrial park will be located off the Glendale exit of Interstate 75. This is the council's third change in eight months. In February they announced the park would be in Western Hills; in June it was Rhine Township. Now it's Glendale. If the council has made up its mind, construction officials hope to break ground before the end of the year.

3. make one's mouth water ** 使人垂涎,使人流口水

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:使得某人的嘴里[流口水、含口水(water)]

例 The Vietnamese government will start accepting bids for the automobile factory this September. The prospect of getting a head start on other car manufacturers is making more than just a few mouths water. “Vietnam is a market of 70 million people—all just waiting to buy cars,” said a Chrysler official. “And we're all eager to be the first to fill that demand. ”

4. make one's position clear ** 明确某人的立场

解 习语;词义溯源:对于某个争论点使某人处于[立场(position)] [明确的(clear)]状态

例 Ambassador Lehy will meet today with his Iranian counterpart to discuss the weapons' sales. He expected to make Washington's position clear, which is that no further shipments of heavy weapons to Iraq will be tolerated by the United States and the president will not hesitate to enforce the ban militarily.

5. make sth. from scratch ** 从零开始做某事

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:从[出发点(scratch)]开始做

例 Canned food?!Never. My mother never once served us processed food. Everything she made, she made from scratch. And she'd shop every day to make sure all the ingredients were fresh. Most families eat like this.

巩固练习

(A) making his head swim

(B) make up your mind

(C) making my mouth water

(D) make our position clear

(E) make...from scratch

1. A: Perhaps I should ______, Mr. Norton. If we don't receive your payment by Tuesday, we'll have no choice but to...B: Well, let me clearly state our attitude about this matter too, Mr. Bolton. We have no intention of paying this invoice. The repairs were usual after-sales service. By law, we don't have to pay. That's our stance.

2. A: When you started Claxton Paper, wasn't your father already in the business? I mean, you didn't ______ the company ______, did you? B: I did so! My father was only a paper mill laborer. I created my company completely on my own without any advantage.

3. A: I wish they'd hurry up and bring us our pizza. The smell of the pizza at the other table is making me eager to have it. B: It's ______ too. I'll go tell the kitchen to get a move on !

4. A: Tyrone's acting all confused and bewildered. What's his problem? B: It's that girl over there. That really beautiful one—see her? She's been ______ since she came in here.

5. A: Coven, ______, please. Are you going with us to the mountain or staying here with Dicks and his friend? B: I can't decide. I want to do both. A: Well, you can't have your cake and eat it too . Decide!

■ ANSWER

1. (D)

2. (E)

3. (C)

4. (A)

5. (B)

参考译文

I. 1. 我受够了总是要担心如何达到收支平衡。我们一直这样精打细算——担心没有足够的钱生存下去。我想变得富有。我想有许多钱。我想每次看银行账户的时候,那些数字能让我头晕目眩!

2. 最新消息称,新工业园将坐落在75号州际公路格兰岱尔出口附近。这是地方议会在八个月内做出的第三次变动。二月份,他们宣布工业园将位于西山区;六月份又说在莱茵小镇。现在是格兰岱尔。如果议会已经作出决定,建设部门希望能在年底之前动工。

3. 今年九月,越南政府将开始接受汽车厂的竞标。赶在其他汽车制造商之前抢占先机的预想让很多人垂涎三尺。克莱斯勒公司的一位官员说:“越南是一个拥有7000万人口的市场——大家都在等着买车。我们非常期望成为第一家满足越南人需求的公司。”

4. 勒希大使今天将与伊朗大使会晤,讨论武器交易问题。他希望能够清楚地阐述华盛顿的立场,即美国不能容忍伊朗继续向伊拉克运送重型武器,否则总统将毫不犹豫地通过军事力量执行禁令。

5. 罐装食品?!没吃过。我妈妈从来不给我们吃加工食品。她做的所有食物都是一步一步从头做起。她每天都去购物,保证所有食材都是新鲜的。大部分家庭都是这样吃的。

II. 1. A:或许我应该表明我们的立场,诺顿先生。如果我们在周二之前没有收到您的付款,我们别无选择,只能……B:嗯,那我也清楚地说明一下我们对这件事的态度,博尔顿先生。我们不打算支付这张发票上的钱款。这次维修属于正常的售后服务。根据法律,我们不需要付款。这是我们的立场。

2. A:你成立克拉克斯顿造纸厂的时候,你父亲是不是已经从事这行了?我的意思是说,你并不是白手起家的吧?B:我是白手起家的!我父亲只是一家造纸厂的工人。我完全靠我自己创建了这家公司,没有任何优势。

3. A:我希望他们能快一点把我们的比萨饼端上来。另外一桌上的比萨饼的香味都让我迫不及待了。B:我也要流口水了。我去让厨房快一点!

4. A:蒂龙表现得迷惑不解的样子。他是怎么回事?B:是因为那边的那个女孩,非常漂亮的那位——看到她了吗?自从她进来之后,他就头晕目眩了。

5. A:科文,请你做个决定吧。你是跟我们去爬山,还是跟迪克斯和他朋友待在这里?B:我决定不下来。我两个都想。A:嗯,你不可能两件事都做。快决定!


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