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LECTURE 130 基本动词 PUT 1

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2020年06月20日

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LECTURE 130 基本动词 PUT 1

词组讲解

1. put an end 〔stop〕 to sth. ** 结束,终止

解 习语;词义溯源:使处于[停止、暂停、终止(stop)]的状态

例 Tired of receiving “junk mail” over your fax machine? Are advertisers wasting your fax paper, jamming your fax lines and just getting under your skin with their endless fax advertisements? Put an end to unwanted fax messages with FAX ARREST, an easily attached device that allows only those with your secret code to access your fax machine. ONLY $89!

2. put all one's eggs in one basket ** 孤注一掷;寄希望于一件事(或一个人)身上

解 习语;词义溯源:字面含义是“把所有的鸡蛋放在一个篮子里(如果出意外的话,就会有全部被打碎的危险)”;通常带有负面意义

例 Learning a second skill is one way to ensure you don't put all your eggs in one basket. Trent Community & Vocational College's technician courses are designed to give you that extra skill without taking a lot out of your valuable free time—or your wallet. Call Trent today and find out how easy it is to get that secure feeling of being certified in a second technical skill.

3. put ideas into one's head ** 使某人抱有奢望;使某人想入非非

解 习语;词义溯源:使某人[头脑(head)]里出现[想法(ideas)];本词组隐含 “如果没有受到影响的话就不会有那种想法”的意思

例 Don't tell me that the violence in television shows and movies these days doesn't put ideas into a criminal's head. I've had it up to here with that lie! Cases study proves that they most definitely do.

4. put in a good word for sb. / put in a good word ** 为某人说好话,为某人说情

解 习语;词义溯源:为了某人说[好话(good word)]

例 Horton's defense attorney called in several of his high school teachers to put in a good word for the young man, in hopes that the judge would at least go easy on him. The most effective witness was Father O'Reilly, a highly respected Catholic priest who the judge himself looked up to as a kid.

5. put in an appearance ** (出于责任、礼貌而短暂地)出现,露面

解 习语;词义溯源:使处于[露面(appearance)]的状态;参照make an appearance

例 It's that time of year again—time to put in an appearance at church!That's right, Christmas in next week. We look forward to seeing all of you “holy-days-only” churchgoers. Christmas service is at 9:30 and 11:30. Make an appearance at either!

巩固练习

(A) put an end to

(B) putting all your eggs in one basket

(C) put the idea into her head

(D) put in a good word for

(E) put in an appearance

1. A: Are you going to attend Mr. Chen's farewell dinner at the Hyatt? B: I'll attend for a short while only because I feel it's my duty to go. A: Yeah, same here. I'll ______ too. I don't like Mr. Chen actually.

2. A: Good luck on your job hunting, Thomas. Let me know if you need somebody to say some good things in your support of when you're applying for jobs. B: Thanks professor. I'd be honored to have you ______ me.

3. A: Come on, Sean. That's a basic tenet of investment portfolio management: never put all your hopes into one thing or you'll lose everything if it fails. B: Okay, under normal circumstances ______ is dangerous. But this is not a normal situation—I'm 100% sure that Chicago Steel stock is going to increase in value 30% this year.

4. A: When we were kids, we used to dive off the bridge into the river. It was great fun until one boy drowned. Then the city passed a law that stopped the activity permanently. B: It's too bad they ______ it. I'd like to dive there like you did, Grandpa.

5. A: Mary never would have started using drugs if it weren't for that damned boyfriend of hers. He made her think of bad things that she never would have thought of her own. B: I'm afraid the judge isn't going to care who ______.

■ ANSWER

1. (E)

2. (D)

3. (B)

4. (A)

5. (C)

参考译文

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2. 再学习一门技能,这样您就不用仅仅寄希望于一件事上。特伦特社区&职业学院的技师课程能让您学到另一门技能,又不会占用您宝贵的自由时间——也不用花很多钱。马上拨打特伦特咨询电话,了解如何轻松稳获第二门技能。

3. 别说现在的电视和电影里面的暴力场景不会让罪犯产生不良想法。我已经受够了那种谎言!案例研究已经证明罪犯绝对会受影响。

4. 霍顿的辩护律师请来他的几位高中老师来为这位年轻人说好话,希望法官至少能对他仁慈一点。最有说服力的证人是奥赖利神父。他是一位德高望重的天主教神父,就连法官本人也是从小便非常崇拜他。

5. 又到了一年的这个时候——该到教堂来出席活动了!是啊,下周就要过圣诞节了。我们都期待着能见到你们这些“仅在神圣的日子”才去教堂的人。圣诞礼拜在9:30和11:30。欢迎在任意一个时段出席!

II. 1. A:你要去凯悦酒店参加为陈先生举行的送别会吗?B:我会去待一会儿,只是觉得这是我的责任。A:是啊,我也是。我也会出席,但实际上我并不喜欢陈先生。

2. A:托马斯,祝你找工作一切顺利。找工作的时候,如果需要有人帮你说几句话,一定要告诉我。B:谢谢您,教授。很荣幸您能帮我说好话。

3. A:得了吧,肖恩。这是投资组合管理的基本原则:不要把你的希望只放在一件事情上,否则如果它失败了,你会失去一切的。B:是的,在正常情况下,只把希望寄托在一件事上是很危险。但现在情况特殊——我百分之百确定,今年芝加哥钢铁的股票价值将增长30%。

4. A:小时候,我们经常从这座桥上跳到河里去。这非常有趣,但是后来有一个男孩被淹死了,然后市里通过了一项法律,永久地禁止了这项活动。B:他们把这项活动终止了,真是可惜。爷爷,我真想像您那样在那里跳水。

5. A:如果不是因为玛丽那个该死的男朋友,她永远不会吸毒。他让她想一些她自己永远不会想到的坏事情。B:恐怕法官不会关心是谁让她产生了这些想法。


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