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LECTURE 131 基本动词 PUT 2

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2020年06月20日

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LECTURE 131 基本动词 PUT 2

词组讲解

1. put in one's two cents (worth) / put one's two cents in ** (未经许可)发表意见;插话

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:放入两[美分(cents)]

例 Who asked for your opinion? Get your nose out of our business ! If we had wanted you to put in your two cents, we would have asked you. This is a private matter between just the two of us. We don't need any outside commentary!

2. put on *** 假装;夸张

解 短语动词; 词义溯源:处于[带着(on)](某种样子)的状态;参照let on

例 A new rule goes into effect this season which takes away any incentive for a player to put on with an injury just to slow down the pace of the game. Under the old rule, a player could continue to play after being checked for his supposed injury. The new rule will require the player to sit on his team's bench for five minutes before reentering.

3. put on airs ** 摆架子;装腔作势

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[带着(on)][(傲慢的)样子(airs)]的状态

例 You're wrong. He's not putting on airs. Andrew is a refined, very intellectual young man. If his behavior bothers you, it's just because you've never associated with anybody as educated as him. What you think is false and pretentious, is only natural for a young man with his background.

4. put on an act ** 装模作样,假装

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[装腔作势(act)]的状态;参照put on

例 We all know that she's putting on an act. It's no secret that she's gone to bed with quite a few men in this small town. But around Alex, she tries to look like butter wouldn't melt in her mouth . If you tried to tell Alex about her real past, he'd never believe you.

5. put on one's thinking cap ** 认真思考,动脑筋想

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[思考(thinking cap)]的状态;通常用来教育小孩子

例 It's time for the scientists of the world to put on their thinking caps and come up with a better way to harvest the endless supply of energy the sun has to offer. There's got to be a better, more efficient way.

巩固练习

(A) put in your two cents worth

(B) putting on

(C) puts on airs

(D) putting on an act

(E) put on your thinking cap

1. A: May I make some comments on the matter? B: Hold your horses . Mr. Norton has three more minutes to speak. After him you're welcome to ______.

2. A: Turn off the TV and ______ and do your homework. B: I'm already thinking real hard and serious about my homework, Mom. I think better when the TV is on.

3. A: All you have to do is pretend that you're sick and the teacher will let you leave the classroom. Then we can meet in the cafeteria. B: It sound easy, but I'm no good at ______. She'd know I was faking. Why don't we just meet at lunch time?

4. A: Nick is one of those guys who's always behaving falsely just to impress people. He tries to pretend to be sophisticated. You know what I mean? B: Yeah, I know exactly what you mean. He's always ______. A: Right. His clothes, the way he speaks, walks—everything. It's all false.

5. A: Why do you think he ______ like that? B: I think he tries to act more sophisticated because in reality he's not. I've heard his father is in jail and his mother ran off with another man. A: So he has to cover up the truth by acting like he's better than us? B: I think that's it.

■ ANSWER

1. (A)

2. (E)

3. (B)

4. (D)

5. (C)

参考译文

I. 1. 谁问你的意见了?少管我们的事情。如果我们希望你发表意见的话,我们早就问你了。这是我们两个人的私事,不需要外人加以评论。

2. 本赛季刚刚生效了一条新规则,用来避免球员假装受伤来拖延比赛。在旧规则下,被认为受伤的球员在检查过伤情后,可以继续参加比赛。新规则将要求球员在重新进场之前,必须坐在本队坐席上等五分钟。

3. 你错了。安德鲁没有装腔作势。他是一个彬彬有礼、非常聪明的年轻人。如果他的行为让你不愉快,那是因为你没有结交过像他这种受过教育的人。你所认为的虚假和做作,对于像他这种有如此背景的年轻人来说是自然流露出来的。

4. 我们都知道她在装模作样。她跟这个小镇上的许多男人都上过床,这早已不是秘密。但是在亚历克斯身边的时候,她试图装出一副一本正经的样子。如果你告诉亚历克斯她真实的过去,他都不会相信你。

5. 全世界的科学家们应该仔细考虑一下,想出一种更好的办法来好好利用太阳提供的无穷无尽的能源。一定会有一种更好、更有效的方法。

II. 1. A:我能说一下我对这件事的看法吗?B:别着急。诺顿先生还有三分钟的发言时间。欢迎你在他之后发表意见。

2. A:关上电视,用心做作业。B:我已经非常努力、非常认真地在思考我的作业了,妈妈。开着电视的时候,我的思维更敏捷。

3. A:你要做的就是假装病了,这样老师就会让你不用上课,然后我们就可以在餐厅见面了。B:听起来很容易,不过我不擅长假装。她会知道我在装的。我们为什么不在午餐时间见面?

4. A:尼克是那种用虚假行为来打动别人的人。他总是装得老于世故。你明白我的意思吗?B:是的。我非常明白你的意思。他总是装模作样。A:没错。他穿的衣服、说话和走路的方式——所有的一切,全都是假的。

5. A:你觉得他为什么会那样装腔作势?B:我想他是想表现得更世故,因为事实上他并非如此。我听说他爸爸正在坐牢,他妈妈跟别的男人私奔了。A:所以他要通过装作比我们都强来掩盖真相?B:我想就是这么回事。


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