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LECTURE 135 基本动词 PUT 6

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2020年06月21日

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LECTURE 135 基本动词 PUT 6

词组讲解

1. put sb. on the spot ** 使某人为难

解 习语;词义溯源:把某人放在[困境(spot)];on the spot表示“处于困境;处于危险中”

例 Song Chi! Wait up! Hey, thanks a lot for giving me a hand in this morning's meeting. Mr. Lin really put me on the spot when he asked about those marketing figures. I was totally unprepared for that. If you hadn't helped me, I don't know what I would have done. Thanks—I owe you one.

2. put sb. or sth. at one's disposal ** 由某人支配;由某人做主

解 习语;词义溯源:使某人或某事处于[由某人支配(at one's disposal)]的状态

例 Florida Governor Lawton Chiles has put a battalion of National Guard troops at the Miami mayor's disposal to help him deal with tide of refugees flooding his ports. Chiles is also looking into invoking a state of emergency for Dade County, which would free up state emergency relief funds.

3. put sb. or sth. away / put away sb. or sth. *** 收拾;杀死;送进(精神病院或监狱)

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某人或某物放在[远处(away)]

例 After lunch the children all know it's time to put away their toys, roll out their sleeping mats and take a nap. Without anybody saying a word they start picking things up and putting them in storage containers. Everyday in this special class is exactly the same. The doctors who set up the program believe routine is an important part of therapy for hyperactive kids.

4. put sb. or sth. down / put down sb. or sth. *** 写下,记录;使(飞机)着陆;批评,斥责;压抑,镇压;杀死(生病的家畜);使分心

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某人或某物放在[下面(down)]或使其处于停止的状态

例 Yeah, we used to sit around that fishing hole for hours waiting for “the big one”. To keep ourselves entertained, we'd put each other down. There was a sort of competition among us to see who could come up with the best put-downs.

5. put sb. or sth. off / put off sb. or sth. *** 拖延,延期;使苦恼,使厌倦;推脱,躲避

解 短语动词;词义溯源:使某人或某物处于[离开(off)]的状态

例 Sorry, but we'll have to put off your promotion until after the merger with Merck Industries is complete. The chairman has asked us to hold off promoting anybody until it's clear what our needs will be after we merge.

巩固练习

(A) put...on the spot

(B) put...at their disposal

(C) puts...away

(D) putting...down

(E) put off

1. A: Can't you just delay doing what he wants by telling him that you're too busy right now or something like that? B: Mr. Beazold is not the kind of man I can ______. He's my largest customer. If I try to avoid pleasing him, he'll go to another company.

2. A: Well, it's over—the jury found Keating guilty. Now it's up to the judge to decide how long he'll send him to prison. B: I hope he ______ him ______ for a long time. That bastard has it coming .

3. A: What else can I do? They've created a situation in which I either produce successful results soon or face the embarrassment of not being able to fulfill their expectations. B: I know they've ______ you ______, but if you do what I suggest, it's possible to do nothing and still make them happy.

4. A: Can you make one of your clerks available to the auditors? B: Sure. I'll ______ Tracy Smith ______. Any time they need her, she'll be available for their use. Anything else I can do for you?

5. A: Are you any good at ______ people ______ without being obvious about it? B: I'm afraid not. Besides, I don't like disparaging people. It makes me feel bad. A: Why? Let me give you some advice: In the corporate world, criticizing someone and making him look foolish is no sin. Everybody does it.

■ ANSWER

1. (E)

2. (C)

3. (A)

4. (B)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 宋驰!等等!嘿,谢谢你在今天的早会上帮了我一把。林先生问我那些营销数据的时候,真是让我非常为难。我根本就没有准备。如果不是你帮我的话,我都不知道会怎么做。谢谢你——我欠你一个人情。

2. 佛罗里达州州长劳顿·奇利斯派了一个营的国民警卫队,听从迈阿密市长的指挥,帮助他应对涌入该市口岸的难民。同时,奇利斯也在研究启动戴德县的紧急状态,以便于腾出国家紧急救助资金。

3. 午饭后,孩子们都知道该把玩具收起来,铺开睡垫睡午觉了。大家都一言不发地开始收拾东西,把它们放到储物柜里。这个特殊的班级每天都是这样。设置这一项目的医生们认为,对于多动症的孩子们来说,遵守规则是治疗中非常重要的一部分。

4. 是啊,我们以前经常围坐在那个钓鱼洞旁边,花几个小时等着“大鱼”上钩。为了找乐子,我们会相互贬低。那是我们之间的一种竞赛,看谁能想出最好的贬低别人的办法。

5. 很抱歉,我们不得不把你的晋升推迟到与默克实业合并完成之后。董事长要求我们将所有晋升推迟,直到合并之后明确我们的具体需求。

II. 1. A:你能不能告诉他你很忙或者用其他的理由让他延后他想做的事情?B:比佐尔德先生不是那种能被我拖住的人。他是我最大的客户。如果我让他不高兴的话,他会选择另外一家公司。

2. A:结束了——陪审团认定基廷有罪。现在就看法官决定让他坐多久监狱了。B:我希望能够判决他较长时间的监禁。那个混蛋都是自找的。

3. A:我还能做什么?情况是这样,我要么尽快成功,要么就得面对无法满足他们的预期的尴尬。B:我知道他们让你非常为难,但是如果你听从我的建议,即使什么都不做也能让他们高兴。

4. A:你能不能为审计员指派一位文员?B:当然。我会派特蕾西·史密斯过去供他们调遣。只要他们有需要,随时都可以叫她。还有什么能为你们做的吗?

5. A:你是不是很擅长隐晦地贬低别人?B:恐怕不是。而且,我并不喜欢贬低别人。那让我感觉非常糟糕。A:为什么?我给你一些建议:在企业界,批评别人,让他看起来像个傻瓜并不是罪过。大家都是这么做的。


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