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LECTURE 136 基本动词 PUT 7

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2020年06月21日

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LECTURE 136 基本动词 PUT 7

词组讲解

1. put sb. or sth. on *** 穿(衣服、鞋),戴(帽子);取笑;哄骗

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某物放在身[上(on)]或使某人处于被骗的状态

例 He's good. I have to give him credit where credit is due —he had us all fooled. When he came in with that excited look on his face and told us he'd won the $55 million lottery and showed us that fake winning ticket, we had no idea he was putting us on.

2. put sb. or sth. on hold ** 让(某人)在通话时等着;延期;搁置,暂停

解 习语;词义溯源:使处于[停止、保留、延迟(hold)]的状态;on hold表示“暂时中断、保留的状态”

例 Dear Friends & Colleagues, I trust you have heard of our son's unfortunate accident and will understand that we find it necessary to put his wedding ceremony on hold until he gets back on his feet. We hope this doesn't cause you a great deal of inconvenience. We'll keep you posted on Andrew's condition and the status of his wedding. Thank you for understanding.

3. put 〔get〕 sb. or sth. out of one's mind ** 忘记;避而不想

解 习语;词义溯源:把某人或某物放在[心(mind)]外

例 Failure? Downfall? These words are not part our vocabulary! There's only one word that should be in our minds—victory. Victory at all cost, gentlemen. If you're thinking anything else, I suggest you put it out of your mind at once. Negative thoughts lead to negative results.

4. put sb. or sth. out to pasture ** 让某人退休;停止使用

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:把不能再继续工作的人放到[牧场(pasture)]

例 They're calling it a promotion, but I know better. They've even given me a big title. Ha!Well, I should have known they'd put even me out to pasture someday. Somehow I thought they might let me stay in my position if only out of respect for my 52 years of service.

5. put sb. or sth. to bed ** 使某人上床睡觉;完成工作,交付下一阶段;付印

解 习语;词义溯源:使某人去[床上(bed)]

例 Story time was always at 10:15 sharp. Mother would put me to bed and then Father would come in and read me a story until I fell asleep. Then he'd turn out the light and quietly sneak out of the room.

巩固练习

(A) putting...on

(B) put...on hold

(C) put...out of your mind

(D) put...out to pasture

(E) put...to bed

1. A: You know his uncle is the president, don't you? B: What? He told you that? Don't you know he was ______ you ______? A: No, really. He told me sincerely. He wasn't kidding. B: Min Hu, he was just teasing you by making you believe something that's not ture. Believe me—I know. He tried fooling me too.

2. A: The Morris family is asking for $400,000 to make up for what they're calling the “mental and emotional stress” the bank's false alarm caused them. B: If we pay it, can we ______ this matter ______? A: Yes, that would settle the matter permanently. But I think we...B: Pay it. I don't want the media making a fuss over this. Just pay it.

3. A: I don't dare miss one day of work for sickness—that would only prove what Dawson thinks: that I'm too old to work so I should be forced to retire. B: Surely he would't ______ you ______ before you're 65, would he?

4. A: Today is the day we would have launched the Mars probe if NASA hadn't ______ the program ______. Just think of the excitement we'd be having. B: Did they ever say why they stopped the progress of the probe mission?

5. A: The first step toward recovery is to ______ the thought of the experience ______. Don't dwell upon it. Try not to think about it at all. B: I've tried, Doctor. I can't—I want to forget it, but I can't.

■ ANSWER

1. (A)

2. (E)

3. (D)

4. (B)

5. (C)

参考译文

I. 1. 他真强。我不得不说他厉害——他把我们都耍了。当他一脸兴奋地走进来,告诉我们他中了5500万美元的彩票,然后把假的中奖彩票给我们看时,我们都不知道他在骗人。

2. 各位亲爱的朋友、同事,我相信大家都听说了我儿子不幸遭遇事故的事,也能够理解我们必须将他的婚礼推后到他恢复健康后再举办这一举措。我们希望此事不会给大家带来太多不便。我们会把安德鲁的恢复状况和婚礼情况及时告诉大家的。非常感激大家的理解。

3. 失败?垮台?我们的字典里没有这些词!我们只需记住一个词——胜利。不惜任何代价的胜利,先生们。如果此刻你们还在考虑其他的事情,我建议你们马上抛诸脑后。负面的想法会导致负面的结果。

4. 他们把这称为升职,但是我心里很清楚。他们甚至给了我一个很大的头衔。哈!我早该想到他们总有一天会让我退休的。但是我以为,鉴于我在公司52年的工作经历,他们可能会保留我现在的职位。

5. 故事时间通常在10点15分准时开始。妈妈安排我上床睡觉,然后爸爸会进来给我讲故事,直到我睡着。然后他关上灯,悄悄地走出房间。

II. 1. A:你知道他叔叔是总统,对不对?B:什么?他这么跟你说的?你不知道他在骗你吗?A:不是,真的。他非常认真地跟我说的。他没有开玩笑。B:闵虎,他只是在戏弄你,让你相信不真实的事情。相信我——我知道。他也曾试图骗过我。

2. A:莫里斯家索要40万美元,来补偿银行的错误警告给他们造成的所谓“精神和感情压力”。B:如果我们支付这笔钱的话,能够解决这件事吗?A:是的,那样可以永久解决这件事。但是我想我们……B:付给他们。我不希望媒体对这件事大惊小怪。给他们吧。

3. A:我不敢因为生病而耽误一天工作——那会证实道森的想法:我太老了,没法工作了,我应该被迫辞职。B:他当然不会在你65岁之前让你退休,是吧?

4. A:如果美国宇航局没有推迟该项目,那么今天就应该是我们发射火星探测器的日子。想想我们本该是多么兴奋。B:他们有没有说为什么要停止探测任务?

5. A:恢复的第一步是把那一经历从脑海中清除。不要想它。尽量一点都不想。B:我试过了,医生。我做不到——我想要忘掉它,但是我做不到。


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