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LECTURE 137 基本动词 PUT 8

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2020年06月22日

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LECTURE 137 基本动词 PUT 8

词组讲解

1. put one's nose out of joint ** 取代某人,使某人失宠;让某人愤恨

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:使某人的[鼻子(nose)]处于[脱臼的(out of joint)]状态

例 I work for the chairman. I guess you could describe my job as a “repairman”. Every time the chairman puts somebody's nose out of joint, I come behind him and fix the situation. I apologize, offer special deals, pay compensation— whatever it takes to overcome the damage done by my boss.

2. put 〔send〕 sb. or sth. to sleep ** 杀死;(通过药物或麻醉)使入睡;使厌倦

解 习语;词义溯源:使处于[睡、停止活动、死亡(sleep)]的状态;委婉语

例 Removing the tooth is simple surgery, but because it would be painful if you were conscious, I'll have to have an anesthesiologist put you to sleep. He'll use ether gas. You'll breathe it in and gradually lose consciousness.

3. put sb. through the wringer ** 使受尽折磨

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:使某人[经历(through)][令人心力交瘁的事(wringer)]

例 You'd better get some sleep, your audition is tomorrow and the director is Pierre Blanc. You should know that he has a reputation for putting aspiring actresses through the wringer during auditions. He tests your stamina. He'll also give you the third degree —once again to test your stamina.

4. put sb. to the test ** 使受试验;使接受考验

解 习语;词义溯源:使某人参加[考试(test)]

例 After he's put you to the test, is there any way to tell if you've made a favorable impression ? You know, like a look on his face or something he says. I hate being kept on tenterhooks waiting for a call or letter. I want to know right away.

5. put sb. up to sth. *** 煽动某人做某事;使某人熟悉某事;将某事提请某人决定、处理

解 短语动词;词义溯源:使某人[忙于、决定(up to)]某事

例 Police are speculating that Bolander is not a regular member of the DPI, the South American terrorist group, but rather a homeless man who was put up to the bombing by the group. “We found two hundred US dollars in his pocket,” an investigator disclosed. “That, combined with his homeless status and what he's told us so far leads us to this conclusion. ”

巩固练习

(A) put...nose out of joint

(B) put...to sleep

(C) put...through the wringer

(D) put...to the test

(E) put...up to

1. A: Alan Mason is claiming we ______ him ______ when we brought him to the police station for questioning last week. B: If he thinks we forced him to endure a stressful situation, let him file a complaint with the chief. I don't want to hear any more about that lowlife.

2. A: This kind of behavior is not usual for your son, so I suspect one of the other kids ______ him ______ it. So, I'm going easy on him this time. B: Thanks. I'll have a word with him about the importance of not letting others persuade him to do bad things that he wouldn't otherwise do on his own.

3. A: Your pay raise is to be kept under your hat . It's between you and me only. Mr. Ahn might feel offended or insulted by the fact that he'll be earning less than you when you're five years younger than him. B: I understand, sir. I'll keep it under wraps . I don't want to ______ Ahn's ______ either. We still have to work together.

4. A: Refugee relief has ______ the UN's crisis management ability ______. B: That's good. If these problems place a great burden on the system, they'll give us an indication of how strong and effective the system is.

5. A: I know how much you love your dog, Tommy. So if you want to show your love for him, let me ______ him ______. He's in a lot of pain. B: So you think we should kill him out of mercy? Will it be painless? A: Yes and he won't feel any pain. He'll die peacefully.

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (E)

3. (A)

4. (D)

5. (B)

参考译文

I. 1. 我为总裁工作。我想你可以把我的工作想象成“修理工”。每次总裁把别人的鼻子气歪时,我都会跟在他身后,做些善后的工作。我道歉、提出特殊的交易或支付补偿金——想尽一切办法弥补老板造成的损害。

2. 拔牙是很简单的手术,但是如果你清醒的话会觉得痛,所以我会让麻醉师对你进行麻醉。他会用乙醚气体。你吸入之后就会慢慢失去意识。

3. 你最好睡一会儿,你明天有试镜,导演是皮埃尔·勃朗。你应该知道,他是出了名的让有抱负的女演员在试镜时受尽折磨的导演。他会测试你的毅力,也会对你进行严厉询问——也是为了测试你的毅力。

4. 在他让你接受考验之后,有没有什么方法知道你是否给他留下了好印象呢?你知道的,比如他脸上的表情或他说过什么话。我讨厌整天提心吊胆地等着电话或来信。我想立刻就知道结果。

5. 警方猜测博兰德不是南美洲恐怖组织DPI的正式成员,而是一个流浪汉。他受该组织的唆使参加了炸弹袭击。一位调查人员透露:“我们在他口袋里发现了200美元。结合他无家可归的生活状态和他提供的证词,我们得出上述结论。”

II. 1. A:艾伦·梅森声称,我们上周带他去警察局问询的时候,让他受尽了折磨。B:如果他认为我们强迫他忍受压力,那就让他找主任投诉吧。我再也不想听到任何关于那个卑鄙的家伙的事情。

2. A:这种行为对你儿子来说不常见,所以我怀疑是其他孩子教唆他这么做的。这次我就不计较了。B:谢谢。我会跟他谈谈,让他明白不让其他人唆使他去做自己不会做的坏事,这很重要。

3. A:你加薪的事要保密。只有你和我知道。如果阿恩先生知道你比他小五岁,赚的还比他多的话,他会感觉受到了冒犯或者侮辱。B:我明白,先生。我会保密的。我也不想气阿恩先生。我们还得一起共事呢。

4. A:难民救助工作考验了联合国的危机管理能力。B:这很好。如果这些问题给这个系统带来沉重的负担,它们会反映出这个系统有多么稳定有效。

5. A:我知道你有多么爱你的狗,汤米。所以如果你想要表达你对它的爱的话,让我结束它的生命吧。它现在非常痛苦。B:你觉得我们应该出于怜悯结束它的生命吗?它会没有痛苦吗?A:是的,它不会感觉到任何痛苦。它会平静地死去。


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