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基本动词PUT补充词组

所属教程:英语词组全书

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2020年06月23日

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基本动词PUT补充词组

1. put on the dog ** 摆架子,显阔气,耍派头

解 习语;词义溯源:带着[阔气、架子(dog)]

例 Weddings give everyone an excuse to buy a new suit of clothes so they can put on the dog and impress every-one else. 婚礼让每个人都有借口买套新衣服,然后耍耍派头,给人留下深刻的印象。

2. put on the feedbag ** 吃饭,就餐

解 习语;词义溯源:把[马脖子下的饲料袋(feedbag)]系上

例 We finally found time to put on the feedbag around 2:30 and had lunch delivered. 我们最后在两点半才有时间吃饭,而且还是叫的外卖。

3. put 〔lay, set〕 one's hand(s) on sth. ** 找到,获得

解 习语;词义溯源:把某人的手放在某物[上(on)]

例 We would buy an apartment in the downtown area if we could put our hands on one, but nobody is selling. 如果我们能够在市区找到一间公寓的话,我们就买了,可惜没有人卖。

4. put one's hand to the plow ** 全力以赴做重要的事

解 习语;词义溯源:把手放在[犁(plow)]上

例 I urge you to work harder. Put your hand to the plow and you'll be amazed at how much you can do. 我希望你能更加努力工作。脚踏实地,你会为自己取得的进步感到惊讶。

5. put sb. down for sth. *** 填写姓名;登记认捐

解 短语动词;词义溯源:罗列出(名字)

例 Harry made a commitment to support the Youth Center with a $500 donation, and Mrs. Zenia said we could put her down for $750. 哈里承诺要为青年中心捐款500美元,而泽尼安夫人说我们可以给她记上750美元。

6. put sb. through one's paces ** 考查某人的能力

解 习语;词义溯源:使某人[根据(through)]自己的[步调(paces)]前进

例 With the annual report due in two days and half of my staff out sick with the flu, I've really been put through my paces this week. 年度报告必须在两天内完成,而我的员工中有一半因为得流感请了病假,这一周真是对我的考验。

7. put sb. to bed with a shovel * 埋葬;把(喝醉者)扶上床

解 俚语;词义溯源:让某人[上床(to bed)],然后用铲子埋掉

例 Anyone who dared to challenge the leader was quickly put to bed with a shovel by the leader's personal body-guards. 任何敢于挑战领袖权威的人,很快就会被他的私人保镖处死。

8. put sb. to shame ** 使某人蒙羞;使某人相形见绌

解 习语;词义溯源:使某人走向[羞耻(shame)]

例 Bob's record-breaking 2 hours, 2 minutes time on the marathon put my 2 hours, 36 minutes to shame. 在马拉松比赛中,鲍勃以2小时2分钟打破纪录,让我2小时36分钟的成绩相形见绌。

9. put sb. wise to sb. or sth. * 提醒某人,使某人了解

解 〈口〉俚语;词义溯源:使某人变成对某人或某事[了解、知情(wise)]的状态

例 An experienced player is assigned to rookies to help put them wise to the differences between collegiate and professional basketball. 一位经验丰富的球员被派到新手队伍中,帮助他们了解大学篮球与职业篮球的区别。

10. put 〔get〕 sb. or sth. across *** 成功地实现;解释清楚;使接受,使理解

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[成功地、能理解地、能明白地(across)]表达

例 A speaker needs to possess good communication skills so he can put himself across well in the fewest words possible. 演讲者必须掌握优秀的沟通技巧,从而可以用最少的言语把事情表达清楚。

11. put sb. or sth. out / put out sb. or sth. *** 放出去,赶出去;熄灭,扑灭;麻烦,打扰;使生气;出版,发行;【体】使球员出局

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某人或某物放到[外面(out)]

例 Andrew's parents put him out when they discovered illegal drugs in his room. 安德鲁的父母在他的房间里发现非法毒品后,把他赶了出去。

This is a NO SMOKING area, so you are going to have to put your cigarette out. 这里是无烟区,所以请您把烟熄灭。

I don't mean to put you out, but if it's not much trouble, could I stay at your house tonight? 我不想打扰你,但是如果不是很麻烦的话,我今晚能不能在你这里过夜?

12. put sb. or sth. out of the way ** 把(某物)从通道移开;除掉(某人)

解 习语;词义溯源:把某人或某物放在远离[通道(way)]的地方

例 Put your toys out of the way before somebody trips over them. 把你的玩具拿开,以免有人被绊倒。

13. put sb. or sth. up *** 提升,举高;住宿;保存(食物);提出(建议、借口等);参加竞选,提名,推荐;张贴;建造(房屋等);预付,支付;弄头发;进行(战斗等);搁置,放到一边

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某人或某物置于[上方、不活动、另外保存(up)]的状态

例 We put some posters up around the neighborhood advertising our auction. 我们在附近张贴了一些海报,为拍卖做宣传。

When you've finished with toys, be sure to put them up. 你玩完玩具后,一定要把它们放到一边。

14. put 〔lay〕 sth. by *** 把某物放在一边;存储(钱等);储藏(食物等)

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某物放在[旁边(by)]

例 It's a good idea for a nation to put some oil by to protect itself against any temporary oil shortage in the world markets. 国家储备一些石油是非常好的,可以有效应对国际市场的石油临时短缺。

15. put 〔set〕 sth. down to sth. *** 归因于

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某物[完全(down)]放到另一物处

例 The $4. 3 million loss was put down to the continuing economic recession. 430万美元的损失归因于经济的持续衰退。

16. put sth. in / put in sth. *** 提交(某物);(在某事上)花时间

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[向里面(in)]放置某物

例 The advertisement says you have to put in an application and resume by Friday. 广告上说必须在周五之前提交申请和简历。

17. put sth. into print ** 付印,出版

解 习语;词义溯源:把某物放进[印刷(print)]里面

例 I want you to put into print the promises you are making me now so that I will have something to prove you made them later on if I need to. 我要你把你现在对我的承诺都打印出来,这样以后需要的时候就可以用它来证明你向我承诺过。

18. put sth. on the cuff ** 赊账

解 习语;词义溯源:把某物放在[袖口、裤边(cuff)];on the cuff表示“以赊账的方式”

例 My company has an account at this hotel, so whatever we eat or drink in their restaurant we can put on the cuff. 我们公司在这家酒店开了账户,所以我们在他们餐厅吃喝都可以赊账。

19. put sth. over *** 使…被接受;欺骗

解 短语动词;词义溯源:使某物[完全(over)]走过

例 Professor Tulonen used his usual eloquence to put the school's budget plans over to the visiting bank officials. 图洛宁教授凭借自己一贯的口才,让来访的银行官员接受了学校的预算。

20. put sth. over on sb. *** 欺骗;占便宜

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某物[翻过来(over)]放在某人身上

例 I've been fooled once by such a dirty scheme, and I swear nobody will put one over on me like that ever again. 我曾经被一个非常卑鄙的计划愚弄过一次。我发誓再也不会像那样被欺骗了。

21. put sth. plainly ** 直白地说

解 习语;词义溯源:[明确地、坦率地(plainly)]说出某事

例 The chairman put it plainly to the union leader: accept the contract or the company will close down and reorganize. 董事长对工会领导说得非常直白:要么接受合同,要么公司关闭重组。

22. put 〔set〕 sth. straight ** 整顿,收拾

解 习语;词义溯源:使某物变成[整顿的(straight)]状态

例 Residents have been allowed to return to their flood-damaged homes to begin the long process of putting their homes and their lives straight. 居民得到允许后返回了被洪水破坏的家园,开始了重建家园与恢复生活的长期过程。

23. put sth. through its paces ** 考查某物的性能

解 习语;词义溯源:使某物[根据(through)]自己的[步调(paces)]前进

例 There's an abandoned race track in Fairfield where Tommy takes his car to put it through its paces. 费尔菲尔德有一条弃置的跑道,汤米开着车去那里试验车的性能。

24. put 〔lay〕 sth. to rest ** 埋葬;完全消除,了结;忘记,不再关心

解 习语;词义溯源:使某物变成[睡眠、停止(rest)]的状态

例 The sooner the nation can put this scandal to rest, the sooner it can continue with its excellent economic progress. 国家越快平息丑闻,就能越快使经济持续快速增长。

25. put that in one's pipe and smoke it ** 好好想想吧;得面对不愉快的事情

解 习语;词义溯源:把那个放进[烟斗(pipe)]吸

解 “I don't need you or your false love,”Mark shouted at his father,“So put that in your pipe and smoke it!” he continued. 马克对他爸爸大声喊道:“我不需要你,也不需要你虚假的爱。你自己好好琢磨琢磨吧!”

26. put the arm on sb. * (给某人)施加压力

解 俚语;词义溯源:把[力量(arm)]放在某人身上

例 Several store owners have com-plained that Mega Computer has been putting the arm on them to buy more equipment by threatening to stop supplying them. 部分商店老板投诉美佳计算机公司威胁停止供货,迫使他们购买更多设备。

27. put the bite 〔touch〕 on sb. * 向某人借钱;向某人摊派(捐款或贷款);向某人敲竹杠

解 俚语;词义溯源:对某人附加[一笔费用(bite)或讨来的钱、被盗的钱(touch)]

例 Your brother-in-law has been putting the bite on me for some money to help him start his auto repair shop. 你小舅子一直向我借钱,要我帮助他开汽车维修店。

28. put the clamps on sb. / put the clamps on / put on the clamps * 钳住;偷得

解 俚语;词义溯源:给某人放上[夹子(clamps)]

例 The FDA has put the clamps on the release of the new diet pill until it can be proved safe. 美国食品和药物管理局严格限制新减肥药的推出,必须被证明是安全的才能投放使用。

29. put the kibosh on sth. * 使计划彻底失败;压制

解 俚语;词义溯源:给某物附加[结束、终结(kibosh)]

例 The Senate voted 58 to 32 to put the kibosh on the peacekeeping oper-ation, effectively ending any hope for it the president may have had. 参议院以58票对32票否决了停火协议,使总统的希望彻底破灭。

30. put the skids on sth. / put the skids on * 使破灭,使失败

解 俚语;词义溯源:给某物附加[打滑(skids)]

例 A lack of funding has put the skids on the renovation of the old church. 由于缺少资金,老教堂的翻新工作失败了。

31. (be) put to it * 使为难

解 俚语;词义溯源:把某人放到[某事(it)]中

例 If your car breaks down in the middle of the desert, you're really going to be put to it. 如果你的汽车在沙漠中出现故障,那你会非常为难。


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