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LECTURE 171 基本动词TAKE 20

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2020年07月03日

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LECTURE 171 基本动词TAKE 20

词组讲解

1. take on too much ** 包揽太多而无法应付

解 习语;词义溯源:[一直(on)]做[超出了(too much)]自身能力的事情

例 While Clinton has tried to be careful not to make the same mistake of taking on too much as Jimmy Carter did in his term as president, he certainly has his hands full . His critics say he doesn't trust his own staff and wants to have a say in everything and the result is he has too many irons in the fire .

2. take the wind out of one's sails ** 先发制人,夺去某人的优势

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:从别人的[帆(sails)下]拿走[风(wind)]

例 Damn, you surely took that asshole down a peg or two , eh? You put him in his place ! You took the wind out of his sails!I'll bet he won't have the nerve to show up around here ever again!Great job, Teresa. You surely showed him.

3. take the words out of one's mouth ** 抢先说出某人要说的话

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:把别人的[话(words)]从对方[嘴(mouth)]里拿[出(out of)]来

例 At Handle burg the convoy was brought to a halt by enemy artillery. We had to take refuge in the forest to the east of the bridge until our aircraft could launch a strike against the Germans and silence their big guns. We got back on the road about three hours later and I was about to tell the Colonel we'd have to make up for lost time when he took the words right out of my mouth.

4. take time off ** 暂停下来

解 习语;词义溯源:空[出(off)][时间(time)]做休息;参照get time off

例 Notice: The first day of January is not a holiday in this company. We observe only the traditional lunar new year as a holiday. If you plan to celebrate the western new year, you will have to take time off without pay. Manager Lee.

5. take to one's heels ** 逃跑,溜之大吉

解 习语;词义溯源:紧[随(to)]某人的[脚跟(heels)]采取逃走的行动

例 The first thing I did was make tracks . I just wanted to get out of the area as quickly as possible. When I looked back, I could see everybody else had the same idea and had taken to their heels. Even the security guards had taken a powder .

巩固练习

(A) taking on too much

(B) take the wind out of their sails

(C) took the words right out of my mouth

(D) take time off

(E) took to his heels

1. A: The court's decision has suddenly made the striking labor union less confident in what they are doing. It's caused them to doubt their ability to win this battle. B: Then it's had the effect we wanted. We hoped it would _____ and it has. Hats off to our clever lawyer, Mr. Lee.

2. A: We can't put up with a supplier raising prices whenever it wants without notifying us in advance. Sun Jin Supplies ought to be warned. B: You ______. I was just about to say the same thing: let's give Sun Jin Supplies a warning.

3. A: I'm sorry, but I didn't get a good look at the man. I saw him hit the woman but he ______ so quickly I wasn't able to see his face. B: When he ran away, which way did he go?

4. A: My boss is great. He insists that at least one day a month we don't come to work so we can spend time with our families or take care of personal business. Isn't that great? B: You bet it is. If I asked my boss if I could ______, he'd fire me!

5. A: You're not able to get your homework done because you've overloaded yourself with responsibilities. You have more to do than you can manage. B: How was I to know I was ______, though? I'm only a freshman.

■ ANSWER

1. (B)

2. (C)

3. (E)

4. (D)

5. (A)

参考译文

I. 1. 虽然克林顿努力保持谨慎,不像吉米·卡特担任总统时那样包揽太多的事情而无法应对,但是他手头的工作仍然很多。评论人士说他不相信他的手下,想自己决定每件事,结果事情太多都应付不过来了。

2. 你杀了他的威风,嗯?你挫了他的傲气!让他泄气了!我打赌,他不会有胆量再出现在这儿了!干得好,特雷莎,你确实教训了他。

3. 护卫队在汉德村因敌人大炮的袭击而受阻。我们不得不躲进桥东的森林,直到我们的飞机能向德国人发动袭击,把他们打败。大约三个小时后我们再次上路,就在我刚要告诉上校我们要补回失去的时间时,他抢先说出了这话。

4. 通知:1月1日公司不放假,只有到传统的农历新年再放假。如有计划庆祝西方新年的,可无薪休假。李经理。

5. 我做的第一件事就是逃跑。我只想尽快地逃离那个地方。当我回头看时,我发现其他人都像我一样逃之夭夭了,就连保安也匆忙离开了。

II. 1. A:法庭的判决使罢工的工会对他们所做的一切突然失去了信心,使他们怀疑能否赢得这场斗争。B:这就达到了我们想要的效果。我们希望能挫挫他们的锐气,这个判决做到了。向我们聪明的律师李先生致敬。

2. A:我们不能容忍供应商不提前通知我们,就擅自提高价格。应该警告孙进供货公司。B:你说出了我想说的话,我也正要说这个呢。让我们给他们一个警告吧。

3. A:对不起,我没有看清楚那个人。我只看见他打了那个女人,但是他很快就逃之夭夭了,我没能看清他的脸。B:他往哪个方向跑了?

4. A:我的老板很好。他坚持我们每月至少有一天不用上班,这样我们就有时间跟家人在一起或处理个人的事情了。是不是很棒呀?B:是啊。要是我向我的老板申请休假,他会把我开除的!

5. A:你做不完你的家庭作业的,因为你承担了过多的责任。你处理不过来。B:但是,我怎么知道我的任务是不是太多了呢?我才刚上大一。


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