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LECTURE 172 基本动词TAKE 21

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2020年07月03日

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LECTURE 172 基本动词TAKE 21

词组讲解

1. take up a collection ** 募捐

解 习语;词义溯源:获得[资金、攒钱(collection)]

例 The church depends almost wholly on the money collected during Sunday services. If we stopped taking up a collection and let people mail in their donations, I'm afraid the weekly total would drop drastically. If nobody sees how much and whether or not they donate, a lot of people will give less or not give at all. Let's keep doing it the way we've always done it.

2. take up arms against sb. or sth. ** 拿起武器反对

解 习语;词义溯源:为了[抵抗(against)]某人或某事而拿[起(up)][武器(arms)]

例 To be, or not to be, that is the question. Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, or to take arms against a sea of troubles, and by opposing end of them?

3. take up one's time *** 费时间

解 短语动词;词义溯源:花费了[全部的、所有的(up)]时间

例 No, I don't think of it that way at all. When someone has something they want to get off their chest , I listen with sincere interest. I never think they are taking up my time, because as a priest my time belongs to the people I serve.

4. take up room 〔space〕 ** 占据位置

解 习语;词义溯源:占据(占用)某一[空间(room,space)]

例 Maxi Mate software is designed to take up as little space on your hard disk drive as possible. With Maxi Mate, you get the most out of your computer's hardware without sacrificing any of the convenience you demand.

5. take up time ** 花费时间

解 习语;词义溯源:花费[时间(time)];也可以省略up

例 Keeping abreast of the vast amount of world news available to us these days takes up time, but it's vital to our operation. With branch offices in 36 countries around the world, we need to be aware of everything that's going on out there.

巩固练习

(A) taking up a collection

(B) take up arms against

(C) taking up your time

(D) taking up space

(E) take...time

1. A: This old broken-down photocopier is just ______. Let's see if we can get a junk parts dealer to come and take it away . B: You're right. It surely is using a valuable area of the office that could be put to better use if it weren't there. Tomorrow I'll see to having it removed.

2. A: Look, get to the point . I've got a million things to do. You're wasting my time. B: Sorry, I didn't know I was ______. I'll talk to someone else. A: No, you can talk to me—just don't inconvenience me by using too much of time. I'm busy.

3. A: I'm afraid that if we buy that old boat, restoring it to its original condition will ______ a lot of ______ and it won't be ready for the summer. B: It won't require a lot of attention. It's only the exterior that needs to be renovated. Mechanically, it's in great shape. Let's get it.

4. A: Evans, I'm asking all the members of our office staff to donate some money to help Mr. Jiang. He had a fire in his apartment yesterday and he lost almost everything. Do you want to contribute? B: Oh, damn. I don't have any money right now. How long will you be ______? I'll go to the bank machine during lunch, okay?

5. A: What caused the American colonies to ______ the British? B: I think the main thing that caused them to fight against their mother country was unfair taxing, wasn't it?

■ ANSWER

1. (D)

2. (C)

3. (E)

4. (A)

5. (B)

参考译文

I. 1. 教堂的经营几乎全靠在礼拜中筹集的资金。如果我们停止募捐,让人们邮寄捐款,恐怕每周的捐款总数将大幅下降。如果没有人知道他们捐了多少,或是有没有捐款,很多人将会捐得很少或者根本不捐。让我们继续采取以前的方式吧。

2. 生存还是毁灭,这是一个值得考虑的问题。默然忍受命运暴虐的毒箭,或是挺身反抗人世无涯的苦难,通过斗争把它们清扫,这两种行为,哪一种更高贵?

3. 不,我根本不认为是这样的。当某人想要把闷在心里的话吐出来时,我真诚地倾听。我从来没有认为他们在浪费我的时间,因为作为牧师,我的时间属于我服务的人民。

4. 马克西马特软件占用硬盘驱动器极小的空间。使用马克西马特,你可以在享受便利的同时,充分利用你的硬盘。

5. 了解最新的海量世界新闻很花时间,但是这对我们的业务至关重要。我们在全球的36个国家设有分公司,我们需要了解所有最新发生的事情。

II. 1. A:这台坏了的旧复印机太占地方了。看看能否找个垃圾回收公司过来把它收走。B:你说得对。它确实占用了办公室非常宝贵的空间,如果没有它,我们可以更好地利用办公室的空间。明天我负责找人把它收走。

2. A:好,言归正传。我有很多事要做,你在浪费我的时间。B:对不起,我不知道我占用了你的时间。我和其他人谈吧。A:不,你可以和我谈——只是别占用我太多时间,给我带来不便。我很忙。

3. A:我担心,如果我们买了那只旧船,把它恢复原样的话会浪费很多时间,而且到夏天也不能弄好。B:不需要做太多的处理,只需要把外观重新改造一下。从性能上看,它还很好。让我们买下它吧。

4. A:埃文斯,我让办公室的所有员工捐款来帮助蒋先生。他的公寓昨天失火了,他几乎失去了一切。你要捐款吗?B:呃,糟糕,我没带钱。这个捐款活动持续多久?我中午去取款机取钱,可以吗?

5. A:是什么导致美国殖民地武力反对英国的?B:我觉得他们反对宗主国的主要原因是不公平的税收,对吗?


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