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LECTURE 174 基本动词TURN 2

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2020年07月05日

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LECTURE 174 基本动词TURN 2

词组讲解

1. turn on a dime * 在狭窄的地方转向,具有良好的转向性能

解 俚语;词义溯源:在[十美分硬币(dime)]这么狭窄的地方转身;on a dime代表很狭窄的地方

例 Iknow I'm not seeing things , Bob. I know what I saw. It was a large glowing sphere and it was hovering over the lake. It seemed to be taking water from the lake. When I shouted to you to take a look, it sped off to the east and then turned on a dime and headed north. It had to be a UFO—no airplane or jet on earth could move that fast or make such a sharp turn.

2. turn one's back on sb. or sth. / turn one's back ** 逃避;舍弃,抛弃;不理睬

解 习语;词义溯源:转身[背(back)][对(on)]某人或某物

例 This school was founded on the principal that a good education combined with a demanding physical regimen of hard labor and participation in sports produces a well-rounded gentleman. We had better think twice before we turn our back on this tradition.

3. turn one's nose up at sb. or sth. / turn up one's nose at sb. or sth. * 瞧不起,轻视

解 俚语;词义溯源:把[对着(at)]某人或某事的[鼻子(nose)]转向[高处(up)];引申为“嘲弄,拒绝”

例 What a dog!Can you believe him? He eats only raw beef steaks. If you try to feed him anything else, he just turns his nose up at it. He's as arrogant as his owner!

4. turn 〔pan, work〕 out *** 结果是

解 短语动词;词义溯源:变成结果[出来(out)]

例 Iwouldn't worry about your son's craziness. It's just a phase teenagers go through. Let him have his fun and get it out of his system . You've taught him well and he's a smart kid—he'll turn out all right.

5. turn out to be sb. or sth. ** 结果是,原来是

解 习语;词义溯源:结果成为了某人或某物

例 He came up with the idea to cover the rope with wax so that it would slide across the rock without getting cut. At first I rejected the idea because it was too simple, but he kept insisting so we did it. It turned out to be a lifesaver. I'm certain that if he hadn't gotten that bright idea and I hadn't taken heed , we wouldn't be alive today.

巩固练习

(A) turn on a dime

(B) turn my back on

(C) turn your nose up at

(D) turned out

(E) turned out to be

1. A: We thought the problem was in the engine, but after some trials we discovered the problem was actually in the automatic transmission. B: You're lucky it ______ in the transmission and not in the engine. Engine repairs are much more expensive than transmission repairs.

2. A: You're so cold. How can you just ignore your family? You refuse to acknowledge them or to give them any support. They're your family. B: I didn't ______ them first. They repudiated me a long time ago when I needed them most. Now the shoe is simply on the other foot .

3. A: Hey, you never told me if that problem with your father ______ all right. Did it end in a good way? B: I wish it had, but no, it didn't end satisfactorily. He made me move out of the house and hasn't spoken to me since—it's been over a year.

4. A: How do you ever expect to live overseas? You ______ any food that's strange and different. You think if it's not British food, it's too low in quality for you to eat it. You reject it without even trying it. B: My stomach is very sensitive. I don't mean to appear to be arrogant, it's just that I have to be careful about what I eat.

5. A: The greatest thing about this new fighter jet is the amazingly small amount of space and time it requires to change direction. B: Is it better than the F-18? The F-18 can ______ too.

■ ANSWER

1. (E)

2. (B)

3. (D)

4. (C)

5. (A)

参考译文

I. 1. 我知道我没有产生幻觉,鲍勃。我知道我看到了什么。那是一个大的发光球体,在湖上面盘旋。它像是从湖里吸水。当我叫你看时,它就往东飞去,然后迅速转了个弯朝北去了。这肯定是个不明飞行物——地球上没有飞机能飞得那么快,转弯转得那么急。

2. 这所学校成立的宗旨是,让良好的教育、严格而高强度的养生锻炼与体育活动造就一个全面的绅士。我们最好在摒弃这个传统之前三思。

3. 这只狗太不一般了!你相信吗?它只吃生牛排。你要是喂它别的东西,它根本看不上。它和它的主人一样傲慢!

4. 我不担心你儿子的这股狂热劲,这只是青少年必经的一个阶段。让他做让自己高兴的事情,把情绪发泄出来就行了。你教育得很好,他是一个聪明的孩子——他以后会很好的。

5. 他提出用蜡涂抹绳子,这样在攀岩时绳子会顺滑,不会被岩石切断。我最初反对他的想法,因为太简单了,但是他一再坚持,我们就照他的方法做了。结果这成了救命稻草。我确定,如果不是他想出这个好主意,如果我没有听从他的意见,我们今天不可能还活着。

II. 1. A:我们以为是发动机的问题,但是调试了几次之后,我们发现问题实际上出在自动变速器上。B:所幸问题真的出在自动变速器,而不是发动机上。修发动机比修变速器要贵得多。

2. A:你太冷漠了。你怎么能忽视你的家庭呢?你居然拒绝承认他们,也不给他们提供任何支持。他们可是你的家人。B:不是我先背弃他们的。很久以前,在我最需要他们的时候,他们与我断绝了关系。现在情况正好反过来了。

3. A:嘿,你都没有告诉过我,你和你父亲的问题结果怎么样。结果好吗?B:我也希望是好的,但是结果并不令人满意。他让我离开家,从那时起再也没和我说过话——已经一年多了。

4. A:你怎么想去国外生活啊?你看不上任何奇怪的、口味不同的食物。在你看来,如果不是英国的食物,质量就太差,根本没法吃。你连尝都不尝就会拒绝。B:我的胃很敏感。我不是要表现得傲慢,只是对于饮食我必须当心。

5. A:这款新型战斗机最出色的地方在于,它转向时占用的空间和时间极小。B:它比F-18还好吗?F-18也可以迅速转向。


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