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47 LEAVE: 留下,留在…;停止;使处于某种状态;让;

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2020年07月19日

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47 LEAVE: 留下,留在…;停止;使处于某种状态;让;不采取措施,放任不管,任由;遗忘

词组讲解

1. leave a bad 〔bitter, nasty〕 taste in one's mouth ** 给某人留下不好的印象

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:在某人口中留下苦味

例 We reached the agreement, but their attitude has left a bad taste in my mouth.

2. leave no stone unturned ** 想尽办法,千方百计

解 习语;词义溯源:不留下任何[没有倒转过来的(unturned)]石头

例 Investigator Jones vowed to leave no stone unturned in his search for the man.

3. leave off doing sth. / leave off sth. / leave off *** 停止;中断

解 短语动词;词义溯源:停止做某事

例 Can't you leave off the project long enough to attend the conference?

4. leave (one) to one's fate ** 将…交给命运,听天由命

解 习语;词义溯源:让某人听天由命

例 Left to their fate, the rhinoceros would go extinct in less than a year.

5. leave oneself wide open to 〔for〕 sth. ** 招致批评和嘲讽

解 习语;词义溯源:使自己处于[无防备的(wide open)]状态

例 State your position firmly or you'll be leaving yourself wide open for criticism.

6. leave sb. flat ** 没能令某人高兴或兴奋;让某人身无分文

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:使某人[烦闷、无聊或身无分文(flat)]

例 He tried wooing her, but his advances only left her flat.

Christmas gift-buying always leaves me flat financially but rich spiritually.

7. leave sb. for dead ** 让某人自生自灭;以为某人已经死去

解 习语;词义溯源:让某人[等(for)]死

例 A man left for dead by the rescuers surprised everyone when he suddenly stood up.

8. leave sb. high and dry ** 放置不管;搁浅;孤立无援;使陷入绝境

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:对[孤立无援的(high and dry)]人不采取措施,放任不管

例 The rebels were left high and dry when American support was withdrawn.

Many investors still remember being left high and dry in the 1983 market crash.

9. leave sb. holding the bag ** 让某人承担罪名;让某人独自背负责任

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:让某人独自[背包袱、负责(holding the bag)]

例 We are all responsible for this and I refuse to be the one left holding the bag.

10. leave sb. in peace ** 不再打扰或折磨某人

解 习语;词义溯源:使某人处于[平静的(in peace)]状态

例 Mother pleaded with the doctors to just leave him in peace and let him die.

11. leave sb. in the lurch ** 弃之不顾;使陷入危难

解 习语;词义溯源:使某人陷入[窘境(lurch)]

例 Never leave your customer in the lurch. Always acknowledge his e-mail right away.

12. leave sb. or sth. alone ** 不理会,对某人或某事放任不管;别碰;不打扰

解 习语;词义溯源:任某人或某物独自待着

例 Tommy! Leave the fan alone before you hurt your fingers on it.

13. leave sb. or sth. behind *** 丢下,遗留;抢先,超过

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人或某物留在[后面(behind)]

例 The extra water bottle was too heavy, so we left it behind.

14. leave sb. or sth. hanging in midair ** 置之不理;让某事悬而未决

解 习语;词义溯源:任由某人或某物[挂在半空中(hanging in midair)]

例 A good mystery writer knows how to leave his readers hanging in midair.

15. leave sb. or sth. out *** 删掉;忽视,不予考虑

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人或某物遗忘在[外边(out)]

例 We simply forgot to invite you. I hope you didn't think we left you out purposely.

16. leave sb. out in the cold ** 排除;冷落

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:使某人留在[外面的(out)]寒冷之中

例 Robert was purposely left out in the cold on the plan because he couldn't be trusted to keep it a secret.

17. leave 〔keep〕 sth. for sb. or sth. *** 为了某人或某事而留下某物

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[为了(for)]某人或某事而留下某物

例 Mom left a note for us on the table. It says she'll be home late.

18. leave sth. on *** 让某物保留着;让(灯)亮着

解 短语动词;词义溯源:使某物处于[被打开(on)]的状态

例 When you go out, leave a few lights on in the house to deter burglars.

19. leave word with sb. / leave word ** 让某人传话、转告;留言

解 习语;词义溯源:给某人留下[消息(word)]

例 You weren't home, so I left word with your wife to have you call me later.

参考译文

1. 虽然达成了协议,但是他们的态度给我留下了很糟糕的印象。

2. 琼斯调查员发誓,要想尽一切办法找到那个人。

3. 你不能中断这个项目,抽点时间去参加会议吗?

4. 如果听天由命,犀牛不到一年就会灭绝。

5. 坚持自己的立场,否则你会招致批评。

6. 他想要向她求爱,但是他的求爱没让她高兴。

圣诞节购买礼物总是会让我身无分文,但却使我精神富足。

7. 救援人员以为已经死了的那个人突然站了起来,把所有人都吓了一跳。

8. 美国的援军撤走之后,叛军孤立无援。

许多投资者依然记得1983年股市崩盘时孤立无援的情景。

9. 我们都要为此负责,我拒绝由我一个人接受惩罚。

10. 妈妈恳求医生,就让他安安静静地死去。

11. 不要放着你的客户不管。要立刻回复他的邮件。

12. 汤米!别动风扇,否则你会伤到手指的。

13. 多余的水瓶太重了,所以我们没带。

14. 一位优秀的推理作家知道如何吊读者的胃口。

15. 我们只是忘了邀请你了。我希望你没有认为我们是故意忽略你。

16. 罗伯特被故意排除在这个计划之外,因为人们不相信他能保守秘密。

17. 妈妈给我们留了一张纸条在桌上,上面写着她将晚一点回家。

18. 你出去的时候,要把房间里的灯开几盏来防贼。

19. 你不在家,所以我让你妻子转告你,等会给我打电话。


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