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LECTURE 188 基本介词 IN 4

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2020年08月03日

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LECTURE 188 基本介词 IN 4

词组讲解

1. in favor of sb. or sth. ** 赞成,支持

解 习语;词义溯源:在对某人或某事[赞成、承认、支持(favor)]的状况下

例 It wouldn't be right for me to take sides in this argument. As a judge, I'm supposed to remain neutral. So if I said I was in favor of one argument or the other, I would not be acting in accordance with the code of ethics all judges swear to live by.

2. in good condition 〔shape〕 ** 状况良好;身体健康

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[好的情况、状态(good condition, good shape)];参照in condition

例 Except for the grass and weeds that had encroached upon what used to be our front yard, the house my father built with his own hands when my brother and I were just boys, was still in remarkably good condition. We spent two days clearing away the vegetation and working on a few minor repairs.

3. in high gear ** 高速行驶;全力进行

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:处于[最高挡、最高速(high gear)];in可以用into替代

例 Once the construction company put two bulldozers at the archaeologist's disposal , the pace of the excavation was in high gear, which delighted the construction manager, who could do nothing until Professor Billington had finished his work and removed the ancient skeletal remains.

4. in hot water ** 陷入困境

解 习语;词义溯源:在[热水(hot water)]里面;in可以用into替代

例 School officials refuse to comment on the cheating scandal, but rumors have it that 34 cadets are in hot water. If the numbers prove to be true, it would be the worst mass cheating scandal in the school's 50 years history.

5. in kind ** 以实物形式;用相同的方法

解 习语;词义溯源:用[一类(kind)]

例 Make no mistake about it , if we are attacked, we will retaliate in kind. We are more than capable of giving tit for tat . Let us hope it doesn't come to this.

巩固练习

(A) in favor of

(B) in good shape

(C) in high gear

(D) in hot water

(E) in kind

1. A: How many of the teachers do you think would support the idea of having special classes on Sundays? B: Sorry, but none would think that is good and would want it to happen. A: Not one teacher would be ______ it? Where's their dedication?

2. A: Factory 8 began operating two weeks ago, so things there are still slow while we train everybody. B: How will it take you to reach your maximum level of activity? A: We'll be ______ by the end of September.

3. A: Dear Mr. Brown, I would like to settle our dispute over the use of each other's roads. If you will allow me to drive my equipment through your farm, I will do the same thing in return and let you cross my land. B: Dear Mr. Smith, I've considered your offer to allow me pass through your farm ______. I agree to your idea. Let's meet.

4. A: Don't do it, Greg. Don't drive while you're drunk!You're already in a difficult situation because you did some wrong things. If you... B: Yeah, I know, I'm already ______ and if I get caught drunk driving it'll get worse—but I won't get caught!See you later!

5. A: How much are they asking for the piano? B: They want $1,200, but I think they'll take $900. A: Is it ______? B: Oh yeah. They took good care of it. It's sturdy and everything functions well.

■ ANSWER:

1. (A)

2. (C)

3. (E)

4. (D)

5. (B)

参考译文

I. 1. 我在这场争执中存在偏袒是不对的。作为一名法官,我应该保持中立。所以如果我支持一方或另一方的观点,就没有按照所有法官发誓要遵守的道德标准行事。

2. 我们家以前的前院,除了长了一些杂草之外,整体状况还是很好的。这座房子是我爸爸在我和弟弟还很小的时候亲手盖的。我们花了两天时间清除了杂草,并做了小小的整修。

3. 建筑公司把两台推土机交给考古学家们使用之后,挖掘工作便全速推进。这让施工经理非常高兴,因为之前他们什么也做不了,必须等比林顿教授完成工作,把古老的骨骼遗骸转移走才能动工。

4. 学校领导拒绝就作弊丑闻发表评论,但是谣言说,有34名学员陷入了麻烦。如果谣言属实,它将是学校50年历史上最严重的大规模作弊丑闻。

5. 毫无疑问,如果受到攻击,我们将以同样的方式反击。我们有足够的能力以牙还牙。不过希望事情不要发展成那样。

II. 1. A:你认为会有多少老师支持在周日开设特别班? B:不好意思,我想没人会认为这是个好主意,也不会希望它发生。 A:没有一个老师赞同?他们的奉献精神都到哪儿去了?

2. A:8号工厂两周前开工的,我们在给每个人培训,所以进展还是太慢。 B:怎么才能让你们达到最高工作效率呢? A:在九月底之前,我们会全力赶工。

3. A:布朗先生,我想了个办法解决我们彼此使用对方道路的问题。如果你能允许我的机器从你农场上通过的话,作为回报,我也愿意做同样的事情。 B:史密斯先生,我考虑了一下你提出的让我以同样的方式从你家农场上通过的提议,我同意你的办法。我们见面谈。

4. A:格雷格,别那样,喝醉就不要开车了!你已经因为做错事而陷入糟糕的境地了。如果你…… B:是的,我知道,我已经有麻烦了,如果我再因酒后驾车被抓的话情况会更糟,但是我不会被抓到的!回头见!

5. A:这架钢琴他们要多少钱? B:他们要1200美元,但是我觉得他们900美元也能接受。 A:那钢琴的状况怎么样? B:哦,是的。他们保养得很好。很结实,一切功能良好。


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