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LECTURE 189 基本介词 IN 5

所属教程:英语词组全书

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2020年08月03日

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LECTURE 189 基本介词 IN 5

词组讲解

1. (go) in one ear and out the other ** 左耳进右耳出,听过即忘,当耳边风

解 习语;词义溯源:进入一边的[耳朵(ear)]里,从另一边的耳朵出去;in可以用into替代

例 Obviously what I said to you the last time you appeared in this court room failed to make an impression on you, young man. I told you that if I ever saw you here again for stealing cars, I'd see to it you got the maximum time in prison. Do you remember that, or did it go in one ear and out the other?

2. in line ** 排队的;联机的

解 习语;词义溯源:在[队(line)]里面

例 Garretson says he was in line at the state Unemployment Agency when he got the bright idea to start his own private employment agency. “It was that simple. I saw hundreds of people coming to that office, most of whom were qualified, skilled laborers and decided I would make my living helping them to find a way to make theirs.”

3. in one's element ** 处于适宜的环境中;得心应手

解 习语;词义溯源:在自己的[适宜环境(element)]里面;参照out of one's element;in可以用into替代

例 It's amazing what a difference the change of jobs has made for Ms. Park. I used to think she was lazy and maybe even a little stupid when she worked in customer service. But since we moved her to accounting, she's shown I was wrong. She's the best girl in the department. I guess she's in her element now.

4. in one's spare time ** 在业余时间

解 习语;词义溯源:在某人的[空闲时间(spare time)]里

例 I've heard that she even takes her training manuals home and studies them in her spare time. This just goes to show you that when people are doing the kind of work that's appropriate for them, they do so much better.

5. in plain language 〔English〕 ** 言简意赅地,简明扼要地;深入浅出地

解 习语;词义溯源:用[简单的、明了的(plain)][语言(language)或英语(English)]

例 Let me put it in plain language for you: get your ducks in a row ...no, that's not clear enough...okay,...uh...get organized before you come to the meetings. Organize your presentation, your reports—everything. You waste your time, my time and the time of your colleagues when you're not prepared. Understand?

巩固练习

(A) go in one ear and out the other

(B) in line

(C) in your element

(D) in your spare time

(E) in plain English

1. A: I'll have a word with our son about his terrible behavior if you want. B: Don't waste your time. He won't listen to you. Whatever you say to him will ______. A: He may disregard what I say, but I have to try at least.

2. A: It's the time I spend in my garden that I feel I'm in a situation suitable to my character, abilities and interests. I'm comfortable doing gardening. B: But you're so aggressive on the football field. Everybody thinks you're ______ on a cold, rainy day on a muddy field in a tough, close game.

3. A: What's this supposed to mean? “Persons desiring accommodations in the heretofore mentioned...” My God, can't you write this ______? B: I think it's already written in straightforward language that can be easily understood. The problem is yours!You're not educated enough!

4. A: Sir, could you please stand in this row of people and wait for your turn like everybody else is doing? B: I have $450,000 in this bank and you want me to wait ______ like a common customer? Ha!Let me talk to the manager!

5. A: Well, I use the time when I don't have to work and have no other responsibilities to work on my hobby—building a handmade airplane. B: That's a unique way to spend your leisure. Can you really build an airplane ______? I mean, doesn't it take a lot of time?

■ ANSWER:

1. (A)

2. (C)

3. (E)

4. (B)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 年轻人,很显然,上次你出现在这个法庭上时,我跟你说的话你都没有放在心上。我告诉过你,如果你再因为偷车而上法庭的话,我肯定会给你最重的判决。你还记得吗?还是把我的话当成耳边风了?

2. 加勒森说,他在州立职业介绍所排队时,突然有了一个好主意,即开一家私人的职业介绍所。“非常简单,我看见数百人去那个介绍所,大多数是有学历、有技术的人,我就决定帮他们介绍工作,同时也可以养活我自己。”

3. 换工作给帕克小姐带来的变化真是让人惊讶。过去她做客服工作的时候,我觉得她很懒,甚至可能还有点蠢。但是自从我们把她调去做会计以后,她证明了我之前的想法是错误的。她是那个部门做得最好的女孩。我猜她现在做得得心应手了。

4. 我听说她甚至把培训手册带回家,在业余时间学习。这说明当人们做适合自己的工作时,就会做得更好。

5. 让我跟你说明白点:把所有的事情都打理好……不,这还不够清楚……好,嗯……来开会前把所有的事情都整理好。把你的发言、报告等一切都整理好。你没准备好的话就是在浪费你自己的时间、我的时间和同事们的时间。明白吗?

II. 1. A:如果你没意见的话,我想跟咱们儿子谈谈他的恶劣行为。 B:别浪费时间了,他是不会听的。不管你对他说什么,他都会当耳边风。 A:他可以不把我的话当回事,但至少我得试试。

2. A:每次在花园里的时候,我都会觉得那种状态最适合我的性格、能力和兴趣。做园艺工作让我觉得很舒服。 B:但是你在足球场上很勇猛。每个人都认为在寒冷的下雨天,在泥泞的场地上,在艰苦的、势均力敌的比赛中,你能得心应手。

3. A:这是什么意思?“之前所提到的,人们渴望有住房……”我的天,你就不能用简明的语言写吗? B:我觉得我已经写得很直白、很容易懂了。这是你的问题!你的文化水平不行!

4. A:先生,你能不能像其他人那样排队按顺序等待? B:我在这家银行存了45万美元,你要我像其他普通客户一样排队吗?哈!我要见你们经理!

5. A:哦,在闲下来不工作的时间里我会做我喜欢的事情,手工造一架飞机。 B:那可真是度过空闲时间的一种独特方式。你真的能在业余时间造一架飞机吗?我的意思是,那不是要花很多时间吗?


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