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LECTURE 191 基本介词 IN 7

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2020年08月03日

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LECTURE 191 基本介词 IN 7

词组讲解

1. in one's shoes 〔place〕 ** 在某人的立场上;处在某人的位置

解 习语;词义溯源:在某人的[鞋里(shoes)或位置上(place)]

例 Don't mention it. I know that if I were in your shoes, you'd give me a hand too. And don't worry about returning the money to me until you and your wife can afford to pay it back. Okay? You can pay when you get back on your feet .

2. in short supply ** 供给不足,缺乏

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[供给不足的(short supply)]状态

例 By the end of the third day on that cold, snow-covered mountain, patience and tolerance were in short supply. We were getting on each other's nerves and it looked as though we would end up killing each other if a rescue team didn't find us soon.

3. in single file ** 成一列纵队;成单行

解 习语;词义溯源:在[一行(single file)]里面

例 Poor Ms. Jones had a hard time getting the anxious children to stand in line so that she could count them before entering the circus. They had ants in their pants and weren't paying the least bit attention to what she was saying. She finally succeeded and marched them into the stadium in single file, counting heads as they passed through the gate.

4. in stock ** 有库存;有现货

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[储存、库存(stock)]的状态

例 Sir, I've checked the stock room and I'm sorry, but we don't have your size for this pair of shoes. However, I took the liberty of calling our downtown shop for you and they say they have your size in stock. If you would like to go there, I'll tell them to keep them for you, and they'll give you a 5% discount for your trouble.

5. in terms of ** 在…方面;就…而言

解 习语;词义溯源:处于…的[条件(terms)]

例 That's great. In terms of service, this is the best shoe shop in town. I really appreciate you taking the trouble to find out if the other shop has my size. I'll stop by the downtown shop tomorrow after work. Thank you!

巩固练习

(A) in your shoes

(B) in short supply

(C) in single file

(D) in stock

(E) in terms of

1. A: Mr. Sam, take charge of this mess!Tell these people to get into a line. They have to queue or we won't sell them any tickets. I want them standing one behind the other—not all pushing up against the ticket window the way they are now. B: Yes, sir. Everybody listen: You have to come to the window ______. One person at a time.

2. A: What would you do if you were in my situation? Would you sell the land or try to hold onto it for another year? B: If I were ______? I really have no idea. I've never done any farming. I can't imagine what I'd do or how I'd feel if I were in the same situation you're in.

3. A: I know you've got the time for the camping trip, but concerning the money aspect of it, are you okay? B: Oh yes, ______ money I've got no problem.

4. A: Skilled machinists are ______ these days. B: Really? It's hard to find one available for hiring? That might be good news for my son-in-law—he's a machinist. Whenever there are not enough of a certain kind of laborer, companies have to pay them more.

5. A: Do you have any motor oil in your shop's storage room? B: Certainly. We have plenty ______. How many cans do you want to buy?

■ ANSWER:

1. (C)

2. (A)

3. (E)

4. (B)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 不用客气。我知道如果我处在你的位置,你也一定会帮我的。别急着还钱,等你和你妻子能负担起的时候再还,好吗?可以等你们情况好转再还。

2. 在那座寒冷的、冰雪覆盖的山上待到第三天后,我们已经缺乏耐心和忍耐力了。我们不断地激怒彼此,好像如果救援队再晚点发现我们的话,我们可能会互相残杀。

3. 可怜的琼斯女士很难让这些心急的孩子站成一排,以便在进入马戏团之前点好人数。孩子们迫不及待,一点也听不进去琼斯小姐在讲什么。不过最终她成功地让他们排成一列纵队走进体育场,并在他们进门时完成点名工作。

4. 先生,我已经帮您去库房看过了,真是抱歉,这双鞋没有您要的尺码。但是,我冒昧地为您打电话询问了一下市区店,他们说库存有您的尺码。如果您方便去那里买的话,我们会让他们给您留着。由于给您造成的不便,他们将给您5%的折扣。

5. 那太好了。这家鞋店在服务方面是市里最好的。我很感谢你不厌其烦地帮我询问其他店里是否有我想要的尺码。明天下班之后我就去市区店买。谢谢!

II. 1. A:萨姆先生,请控制一下混乱场面!告诉人们排好队。他们必须排队,否则我们将不卖票给他们。我希望他们一个挨一个有秩序地站好,别像现在这样全都往售票窗口挤。 B:好的,先生。大家听好了:排成一列纵队,依次到窗口买票。每次仅限一人购买。

2. A:如果你处在我这种情况下,你会怎么做?你会卖掉这块地还是再留一年? B:如果我处在你的立场上?我还真不知道。我从来没有干过农活,也无法想象如果我处在跟你一样的情况下,我该做什么或者有什么感受。

3. A:我知道你有时间去野营,但是考虑到钱,你够用吗? B:哦,钱的方面没问题。

4. A:现在,技术熟练的机械工很紧缺。 B:是吗?找一个都很难吗?那也许对我女婿来说是个好消息——他就是机械工。不管什么时候,某种劳动力供应不足的话,公司就必须提高他们的待遇。

5. A:你们商店的库房有车用机油吗? B:当然,我们有大量的库存。你要买多少罐?


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