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LECTURE 192 基本介词 IN 8

所属教程:英语词组全书

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2020年08月04日

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LECTURE 192 基本介词 IN 8

词组讲解

1. in the air ** 在空中;悬而未决;在传播中;可被感觉到;(想法、消息等)在流传中

解 习语;词义溯源:在[空气(air)]中

例 The picnic? I'm afraid that's in the air as long as the school bus is in the repair shop. The mechanic says he's rushing and will try to have it ready by Saturday. I know there's a lot of anticipation in the air among the students and I sure don't want to disappoint them. Let's keep our fingers crossed !

2. in the bag ** 有把握的;确信的

解 习语;词义溯源:在[包(bag)]里

例 With the defeat of the Tigers last night, the Bears feel their spot in the national championship is in the bag. They need only to win two more games and both of those are against two weak teams. “We'll win those for sure and then it's on to the championship series,” said the Bears' coach.

3. in the balance ** 悬而未决的;处在危急状态的

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[衡量(balance)]的状态;参照hang in the balance

例 Farmers all along the east coast are preparing for the worst as Typhoon H closes in. The national weather agency predicts the storm will hit the coast by 2:00 PM this afternoon if it continues on its current course. Millions of tons of crops and building securities are in the balance.

4. in the black ** 有盈余;赢利

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[财政黑字(black)]的状态;参照 in the red

例 I remember for six years after Mick and I got married we were in debt. We had to buy an apartment, a car, furniture—all that stuff you need when you start a family. So anyway, it took us six years to get in the black.

5. in the dark / in the dark about sb. or sth. ** 在黑暗中;对…全然不知

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[黑暗(black)]中

例 Claiming to have been in the dark about the dumping of used motor oil from his auto repair shop, Mr. Smith pleaded not guilty to violating the state's tough anti-pollution law. The prosecution will have to prove Smith ordered or had knowledge of his employee's actions but failed to stop him.

巩固练习

(A) in the air

(B) in the bag

(C) in the balance

(D) in the black

(E) in the dark

1. A: I can't emphasize enough how crucial this meeting with Mega-Bio is. The continuation of the biotechnology research is ______. Right now, it is undecided—it may or may not continue. B: I'll do my best to convince them we're on the verge of a breakthrough, sir.

2. A: It's true that I haven't gotten it yet, but I'm certain that I will get the job. I was the best man in the room during the interview. B: So you think it's ______? You have a high opinion of yourself, Charlie.

3. A: Is your company going to give its employees Christmas bonus this year? B: It's still not certain. A: Still ______? My God, Christmas is only three weeks away.

4. A: You didn't know anything about your son's drug dealing? B: No. I was completely ______. A: You were ignorant of a situation like this happening in your own home?

5. A: I am proud to announce that for the first time in three years, Mega Chemical has made a profit. Our operation is profitable! B: Finally—______! Let's celebrate this good news!

■ ANSWER:

1. (C)

2. (B)

3. (A)

4. (E)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 野餐?这个事情恐怕在校车修好之前还无法最终敲定。修理工说他正在赶工,尽量在周六之前修好。我知道学生们非常期待,我当然也不想让大家失望。让我们祈祷吧!

2. 继昨晚打败老虎队之后,熊队感觉在此次全国锦标赛中已是胜券在握。他们只需要再赢两场,而这两场的对手都是弱队。熊队教练表示:“我们肯定会赢,接着我们将进入冠军赛。”

3. 台风H临近时,居住在东岸的农民正在为最糟糕的状况做准备。据国家气象局预测,按目前的趋势,台风会在今天下午2:00袭击东岸。数百万吨粮食和房屋的安全都处于危急状态。

4. 我记得我和米克结婚的前六年一直都负债。要组建一个家,我们必须买所有需要的东西,房子、车子、家具等。所以不管怎么说,我们六年后才开始有盈余。

5. 史密斯先生声称,对于他的汽车修理厂倾倒用过的车用机油一事全然不知。他不认罪,说他没有违反该州严格的防污染法。要起诉史密斯,就必须证明他给出过这样的指示,或者他明知自己的员工有这样的行为却没有阻止。

II. 1. A:我已经充分强调过与美佳生物的会议有多么重要。生物技术研究是否继续进行还悬而未决。到现在还没有决定,也许会继续,也许不会。 B:先生,我会竭尽所能让他们相信我们即将取得突破。

2. A:我确实还没有获得这份工作,但我确信我会得到它。面试过程中,我是那个房间里最优秀的。 B:那么你认为自己已经稳操胜券了?你对自己的评价可真高啊,查利。

3. A:你们公司今年会给员工发圣诞节津贴吗? B:这个还不确定。 A:还没确定?我的天,离圣诞节只有三周了。

4. A:你难道不知道你儿子在贩毒吗? B:是的,我对此全然不知。 A:这种事情发生在你自己家里你都不知情?

5. A:我骄傲地宣布,三年以来,美佳药业第一次盈利了,我们的运营盈利了! B:终于——盈利了!让我们为这个好消息庆祝一下吧!


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