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31 让步状语从句 Track30





31 让步状语从句 Track30

常见的引导让步状语从句的引导词有though,although,even though,even if。此时,主句前不能用but,但可以用yet 或 still。
a.Though/Although he tried hard, (yet/still) he failed.
b.Although I didn't know anybody at the party, I had a very good time.
c.The family is the essential presence...—the thing that never leaves you, even if you find you have to leave it.
d.Although Mr. Smith studied art(A) in Paris, but his(B) writings attracted much(C) more interest than(D) his paintings.
e.Although Professor Green's lectures usually ran over(A) the fifty-minute period, but(B) none(C) of his students even objected(D) as they found his lectures both informative and interesting.
although,though是连词,因此后边只接从句(有时是省略形式的从句),而介词despite,in spite of,for all,notwithstanding只接名词(短语)。
a.Though he was inexperienced, he did a very good job. = In spite of his inexperience, ...或In spite of his being inexperienced, ...
b.Although it was dangerous, ... = Despite the danger, ...
c.Though the weather was bad, ... = In spite of the bad weather, ...
d.Despite(A) fats and oils are nutritionally(B) important as(C) energy sources, medical research indicates(D) that saturated fats may contribute to hardening of the arteries.
e. _____what he achieved in medicine, he remained modest.
A. Despite
B. Although
C. If
D. Whereas
分析:因为这里what = things that, 引导的是一个名词性从句,其本质上相当于一个名词短语,故此处仍需要用介词。用although只能说成:Although he achieved a lot in medicine, he remained modest.
f. ____tired, he wouldn't stop working.
A. Despite
B. For all
C. Though
D. Whereas
分析:这是一个省略的让步状语从句,原句相当于:Though he was tired, he wouldn't stop working.
(3) while置于句首一般表示“尽管……”
a. While I sympathize with(同意) your point of view, I cannot accept it.
b. While many countries of the world celebrate their own Mother's Day at different times throughout the year, there are some countries such as Denmark, Finland, Italy, Turkey, Australia, and Belgium which also celebrate Mother's Day on the second Sunday of May.
c.Now the U.S. Supreme Court has spoken. Let there be no doubt, while I strongly disagree with the court's decision, I accept it. And tonight, for the sake of our unity of the people and the strength of our democracy, I offer my concession. (Former U.S. Vice President Al Gore's concession speech)
d. While the government pushed for a total breakup of the software maker, Microsoft fought fiercely against any positions that would affect its ability to compete in the marketplace.
(4) no matter wh-
No matter + what/who/when/where/which/how可以代替whatever/whoever/whenever/wherever/whichever/however来引导让步状语从句。
a.We have decided to do so, whatever happens.
b. Whoever may trouble you, I will help you to the last.
c. No matter what I did to the money, you still wanted it because it did not decrease in value. Many times in our lives, we are dropped, crumpled, and ground into the dirt by the decisions we make and the circumstances that come our way. We feel as though we are worthless. But no matter what has happened or what will happen, you will never lose your value in God's eyes. The worth of our lives come not in what we do or who we know but by WHO WE ARE! You are special—Don't ever forget it!
(5) as的倒装句
a. Young as he is, he is knowledgeable.(形容词)
b. Much as I respect him, I can not agree with him.(副词)
c .Child as he is, he is knowledgeable.(名词不带冠词)
d. Lazy a boy as he is, he is kind to help others.(注意词序:Lazy a boy)
e. Oldest in our workshop as he is, he works hardest.(此时,最高级前不用the)
f. Praised as he was, he remained modest.(分词)
g. Again as he failed in doing this experiment, he didn't lose heart.(副词)
h._________, she often behaves like a child.
A. As old is she
B. As old she is
C. Old as is she
D. Old as she is
另外,我们可以把动词原形置于句首,此时结构为:V + as + S + 情态动词或助动词(may/might/will/would/can/could/do/does/did)。若动词是及物动词,则其宾语也要随着动词提前。
i. Lose money as I did, I got a lot of experience.(不用lost,宾语money紧跟在动词后面)
j. Try as you will, you won't manage it.(动词原形提前)
k. Fail as I did, I would never stop trying.(动词原形提前)
l. Try as he will, no man breaks wholly loose from his first love, no matter who she is.
m.Poor_________he is, he is honest and kind.
A. that
B. however
C. because
D. although
n._________, he does get annoyed with her sometimes.
A. Although much he likes her
B. Much although he likes her
C. As he likes her much
D. Much as he likes her
o.Much although(A) I have traveled, I have never seen anyone to equal(B) her in thoroughness, whatever(C) the job(D).
正确答案:A,应改为Much as。
(6) As/So +形容词+ as +主谓结构,放在句首,表示让步。
a. As much as John hates to do it, he must stay at home and study tonight. 尽管约翰不愿意,但他今晚还是得待在家里学习。
b. As amusing and perceptive as graffiti may sometimes be, it has by no means won universal approval.
c. As important as your obligation as a doctor, a lawyer or a business leader will be, you are a human being first, and those human connections with spouses, with children, with friends are the most important investments you will ever make. At the end of your life, you will never regret not having passed one more test, winning one more verdict, closing one more deal. You will regret time not spent with a husband, a child, a friend or a parent. Our success as a society depends not on what happens in the White House but on what happens inside your house. (America's Former First Lady Barbara Bush, to students at a college commencement)
d. As important as qualifications are, and you won't get to an interview without the qualifications, the most thing in fact is the character and how a person presents himself at interview. I find it very difficult to define exactly the sort of person I am looking for, but when I meet someone I can tell whether they are the sort of person that I would like to appoint or whether they are not.
(7) be引导的倒装句表示让步
a.All substances, be they gaseous, liquid or solid, are made up of atoms.= All substances, whether they may be gaseous, liquid or solid, are made up of atoms.
b.The business of each day, be it selling goods or shipping them (= whether it may be selling goods or shipping them), went quite smoothly.
c. Be it ever so humble, there is no place like home. = However humble it may be, there is no place like home.
d.Home is home, be it never so homely.
e._________, I will marry him all the same.
A. Were he rich or poor
B. Whether rich or poor
C. Being rich or poor
D. Be he rich or poor


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