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新概念英语第二册详解第26课:The best art critics 最佳艺术评论家

所属教程:英语音标学习方法

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§ Lesson 26 The best art critics 最佳艺术评论家

【New words and expressions】 生词和短语

两个同样的音连在一起时, 前面的音声去不读. 如 : upside down.

★art n. 艺术

art student 艺术系的学生

English student 学英语的学生

student of England : 英国学生

artist  艺术家

artiste 艺人 注意读音的不同

art gallery 艺术画廊 (gallery n.长廊, 游廊; 画廊)

black art 巫术

★critic n. 评论家

criticise v. 批评, 批判(主要指批判, 但不完全是责备的意思)

criticism [] n.批评, 批判

critical adj. 挑剔的

critically adv. 爱挑剔的

He criticised my painting.

You are critical.

★paint v. 画

draw a picture 用线条画

paint a picture 强调油画

painting

oil painting 油画

Chinese painting 中国国画

Beijing opera 国戏, 京剧

★pretend v. 假装

pretend to do something

When his mother came in,the baby pretended to go to sleep.

pretend that...

★pattern n. 图案

pattern drills

pattern 模式, 典范

★curtain n. 窗帘, 幕布

★material n. 材料

listening material 听力材料

★appreciate v. 鉴赏 = understand and enjoy

enjoy 欣赏

enjoy the music

I like poems.

I love...

I enjoy...得到乐趣

I appreciate... 程度一个比一个深

appreciate something

appreciate doing sth 我很喜欢做某事

I appreciate your help. 我很感激你的帮助

★notice v. 注意到

pay attention to 思想上的注意

notice : 细节上的注意, 往往是别人没注意的东西, 你注意到了, 细节上的东西

I notice the boy.

I notice the beauty spot.(美人痣)

★whether conj. 是否

If 在表示 “是否” 的时候可以被whether所取代

If在表示 “如果” 的时候不可以用whether取代

If it will rain...(不是条件状语从句, 故可以用将来时will)

Whether it will rain...

Whether it will rain or not...(可以加 “not” )

I wondered if it will rain.(不加 “not” )

Whether he is mad or not. / whether his mad.

★hang v. 悬挂, 吊

hang hanged hanged 绞死, 吊死

hang hung hung   悬挂

The thief was hanged.

The coat was hung.

★critically adv. 批评地

★upside down 上下颠倒地  两个同样的发音连在一起时, 前边的音省去不读

【Text】

Lesson 26 The best art critics 最佳艺术评论家

First listen and then answer the question.听录音, 然后回答以下问题.

Who is the student's best critic?

I am an art student and I paint a lot of pictures. Many people pretend that they understand modern art. They always tell you what a picture is 'about'. Of course, many pictures are not 'about' anything. They are just pretty patterns. We like them in the same way that we like pretty curtain material. I think that young children often appreciate modern pictures better than anyone else. They notice more. My sister is only seven, but she always tells me whether my pictures are good or not. She came into my room yesterday.

'What are you doing?' she asked.

'I'm hanging this picture on the wall,' I answered. 'It's a new one. Do you like it?'

She looked at it critically for a moment. 'It's all right,' she said, 'but isn't it upside down?'

I looked at it again. She was right! It was!

参考译文

我是个学艺术的学生, 画了很多画. 有很多人装成很懂现代艺术的样子, 总是告诉你一幅画的 “意思” 是什么. 当然, 有很多画是什么 “意思” 也没有的. 它们就是些好看的图案, 我们喜爱它们就像我们喜欢漂亮的窗帘布一样. 我觉得小孩子们往往比任何人都更能欣赏现代绘画, 他们观察到的东西更多. 我的妹妹只有7岁, 但她总能说出我的画是好还是坏. 昨天她到我房里来了.

【课文讲解】

I am an art student 注意连读,

They always tell you what a picture is about.

tell you 后是what 引导的宾语从句

just 仅仅, 表强调

We like them...

them 指 pictures

pretty curtain material 漂亮的窗帘布

In the same way that

In a way 以某种方式

The son walked in the same way that his father walked.

I love you in the same way that I love my father.

I love you just in the same way that I love money.

make an appointment ( n)

change an appointment

When will it be conveniet for you?

I like something.

I like something very much.

I like something better.

I like something best.

I like water best.

I like water better.

I like water very much.

else ① 跟在anyone,anything 等不定代词的后面 ② 疑问代词如 who else,what else

They can appreciate modern arts best.

better than anyone else 比其他任何人(表示最高级的含义)

The teacher is the tallest.

The teacher is taller than anyone else. (“else” 不能少, 把主语从 “anyone” 中排除, 比中文更严密)

The book is more expensive than anything else.

They notice more.

Whether ...or not= if

The windows in the wall /picture on the wall 注意介词的不同

Isn’t it upside down? =It’s upside down. 是否定疑问句, 没有否定的意思, 起强调作用, 表达一种情绪

It isn't a fine day.

It is bad weather.

Is it bad weather?

Isn't it bad weather?

作用Aren't you lucky? 你真幸运

否定疑问句起肯定

Isn't it a boy?

【Composition】作文

Rewrite these sentences using the correct verbs and joining words:

改写以下句子, 选用正确的动词和连词 :

I (looked at) (watched) the picture (but) (and) I could not (understand) (realize) it. It was in black and white and was (called) (named)‘Trees and snow’. I could see (neither) (not only) trees (or) (nor) snow.

I looked at the picture. 不用watch是因为它不是移动的

call 是称之为;  name是给它取一个名字

It was in black and white. 黑白色

【Letter writing】书信写作

信头上是没有名字的

门牌号码应该放在最前边

【Key structures】关键句型

appear的反义词disappear

resemble相似, 类似

和人的情绪相连, 跟人的状态相连, 跟人的思维活动相连的动词都不用进行时态.

Appear,appreciate,believe,feel,forget,hear,like,look,like,notice,remember,resemble,see, think(that), understand 等等

【Speech marks】 引号

引号在英文当中第一次出现是单引号, 第二次出现是双引号, 英文当中的书名号用

引号来替代

注意事项 :

a The speech marks are above the line. They go outside all other marks like commas(, ) full stops(. )and question marks (?).

引号位于一行之上, 它们应在句尾其他标点符号—如逗号、句号、问号—之外.

b The speaker's first word begins with a capital letter.

引语的第一个词以大写字母开头.

c Words like‘said’ and‘asked’ are followed by a comma. We put a full stop after them only when they come at the end of a sentence.

在said, asked等词后面用逗号, 只有当它们位于句尾时, 才在它们的后面用句号.

d When words like‘said’or‘asked’interrupt the speaker, the second half of the sentence begins with a small letter.

当said, asked等词置于引语之间时, 句子的后半部分以小写字母开始.

e We begin a new paragraph each time a new speaker is introduced.

当一个新的说话人开始讲话时, 要另起一个段落.

【Summary writing】摘要写作

5. Do young children appreciate modern paintings better than others or not? Do they notice more or not?(not only...but)

Young children appreciate modern paintings better than others.

They notice more.

not only ...but ...as well.

as well 放在句子结尾, 且可以省略

Young children是共同的部分

Young children not only appreciate modern paintings better than others,

but notice more.

not only...but...

连接的是两组谓语动词

7. Had he hung it upside down, or had he hung it the right way up? Did she notice this immediately or not?(and)

or 否则, 或者

upside down 与the right way up 意思相反

【Multiple choice questions】多项选择题

4 What is it about? Tell me ______ .

a.what is it about b.what it is about c.what about it is d.what about is it

考特殊疑问句的间接引语是什么

陈述句的间接引语以that引导

What time is it?

How old are you?

变成以 He asked me . 形式

He asked me what time it was.

He asked me how old I was.

疑问句的直接引语变间接引语要注意

⑴  特殊疑问句由特殊疑问词引导

⑵ 时态.

主句的谓语动词是过去时时, 其从句的谓语动词应为相对应的时态.

⑶  疑问句变成间接引语时, 要变成陈述句语序.

陈述句语序 : 主语在动词前边.

⑷ 人称的变化

Is it nine o'clock? /He asked me.

if/whether 是否

He asked me if/whether it was nine o'clock.

tell me 要求间接引语

Tell me what it is about.

注意使用陈述句语序.

What about 中about 是介词, 后接名词或动词的ing形式, 不接句子

What about it?

Tell me后要求陈述句语序

5 She tells me ______ my pictures are good or not.

a.weather b.that c.if d.unless

5.没有一个答案是对的

主句为一般现在时, 从句可以为任意形式

or not是否, that表示肯定

直接引语变间接引语的连接词有3种 :

⑴陈述句中的that;

⑵一般疑问句中的if/whether;

⑶特殊疑问句中的特殊疑问词

if不可以与or not 连用

unless conj 除外, 如果不(不能用于间接引语连接)

You will fail unless you work harder.你如果不更加努力工作, 你将失败.

6 Do you like my picture? It's ______ .

a.a new b.one new c.new one d.a new one

6.D

A 缺名词

B 缺名词或位置错误

C 缺冠词

one 可以作代词, 还可以作数词

10 Young children often appreciate modern pictures. They ______ them.

a.estimate b.esteem c.value d.understand and enjoy

根据句子意思, 选D.

9 This curtain material is very good ______ .

a.clothes b.cloth c.substance d.matter

9. B

clothes 衣服

cloth 布

11 They notice more. They ______ more.

a.remark b.observe c.say d.take care

11.

在此句中, notice=observe

12 It's upside down. It isn't ______ .

up b.down c.the right way down d.the right way up

12. D

not the right way down = the right way up


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